Israel Accused of Apostasy

1 The word of the Lord came to me:
References for Jeremiah 2:1
      2 "Go and announce directly to Jerusalem that this is what the Lord says: I remember the loyaltya of your youth, your love as a brideb- how you followed Me in the wilderness, in a land not sown.
      References for Jeremiah 2:2
        • a 2:2 - Ex 34:4-7
        • b 2:2 - Dt 6:5; 11:1,22
          3 Israel was holy to the Lord,c the firstfruits of His harvest. All who ate of it found themselves guilty;d disaster came on them." [This is] the Lord's declaration.
          References for Jeremiah 2:3
            • c 2:3 - Ex 19:4-6; Dt 7:6; 14:2,21
            • d 2:3 - Lv 22:10,15-16
              4 Hear the word of the Lord, house of Jacob and all families of the house of Israel.
              5 Here is what the Lord says: What fault did your fathers find in Me that they went so far from Me, followed worthless idols, and became worthless themselves?e
              References for Jeremiah 2:5
                • e 2:5 - Jr 8:19; 2 Kg 17:15; Rm 1:21
                  6 They stopped asking: Where is the Lord who brought us from the land of Egypt, who led us through the wilderness,f through a land of deserts and ravines, through a land of drought and darkness,gh a land no one traveled through and where no one lived?
                  References for Jeremiah 2:6
                    • f 2:6 - Dt 8:15; 32:10
                    • g 2:6 - Or shadow of death
                    • h 2:6 - Ps 23:4
                      7 I brought you to a fertile landi to eat its fruit and bounty, but after you entered, you defiled My land; you made My inheritancej detestable.
                      References for Jeremiah 2:7
                        • i 2:7 - Jr 4:26; Ex 3:8; Dt 1:25
                        • j 2:7 - Jr 3:19; 12:7,14
                          8 The priests quit asking: Where is the Lord? The experts in the law no longer knew Me, and the rulersk rebelled against Me. The prophets prophesied by Baall and followed useless idols.
                          References for Jeremiah 2:8
                            • k 2:8 - Jr 23:1-4; Ezk 34
                            • l 2:8 - Jr 2:23; 9:14
                              9 Therefore, I will bring a case against you again. [This is]*The bracketed text has been added for clarity. the Lord's declaration. I will bring a case against your children's children.m
                              References for Jeremiah 2:9
                                • m 2:9 - Isa 3:13; Mc 6:1-8
                                  10 Cross over to Cyprusnoand take a look. Send [someone] to Kedar and consider carefully; see if there has ever been anything like this:
                                  References for Jeremiah 2:10
                                    • n 2:10 - Lit to the islands of Kittim
                                    • o 2:10 - Gn 10:4; Nm 24:24; Isa 23:1,12
                                      11 Has a nation [ever] exchanged its gods? (but they were not gods!) Yet My people have exchanged theirp Glory for useless idols.q
                                      References for Jeremiah 2:11
                                        • p 2:11 - Alt Hb tradition reads My.
                                        • q 2:11 - Ps 106:20; Hs 4:7; Rm 1:23
                                          12 Be horrified at this, heavens;r be shocked and utterly appalled. [This is] the Lord's declaration.
                                          References for Jeremiah 2:12
                                            • r 2:12 - Dt 32:1; Isa 1:2; Mc 6:1
                                              13 For My people have committed a double evil: They have abandoned Me, the fountain of living water,s and dug cisterns for themselves, cracked cisterns that cannot hold water.
                                              References for Jeremiah 2:13

                                                  Consequences of Apostasy

                                                  14 Is Israel a slave? Was he born into slavery?t Why else has he become a prey?
                                                  References for Jeremiah 2:14
                                                    • t 2:14 - Lit born of a house
                                                      15 The young lions have roared at him; they have roared loudly. They have laid waste his land. His cities are in ruins, without inhabitants.
                                                      16 The men of Memphis and Tahpanhesu have also broken your skull.
                                                      References for Jeremiah 2:16
                                                        • u 2:16 - Jr 44:1; 46:14,19; Ezk 30:13,16,18
                                                          17 Have you not brought this on yourself by abandoning the Lord your God while He was leading you along the way?
                                                          18 Now what will you gain by traveling along the way to Egypt to drink the waters of the Nile?v What will you gain by traveling along the way to Assyria to drink the waters of the Euphrates?
                                                          References for Jeremiah 2:18
                                                            • v 2:18 - Lit of Shichor
                                                              19 Your own evil will discipline you; your own apostasies will reprimand you. Think it over and see how evil and bitter it is for you to abandon the Lord your God and to have no fear of Me. [This is]*The bracketed text has been added for clarity. the declaration of the Lord God of Hosts.
                                                              20 For long ago Iw broke your yoke; Ix tore off your fetters.y You insisted: I will not serve! On every high hill and under every leafy treez you lie down [like] a prostitute.
                                                              References for Jeremiah 2:20
                                                                • w 2:20 - LXX reads you
                                                                • x 2:20 - LXX reads you
                                                                • y 2:20 - Ps 2:3; Nah 1:13
                                                                • z 2:20 - Dt 12:2; 1 Kg 14:23; Isa 57:5
                                                                  21 I planted you, a choice vine{ from the very best seed. How then could you turn into a degenerate, foreign vine?
                                                                  References for Jeremiah 2:21
                                                                    • { 2:21 - Gn 49:11; Isa 5:2
                                                                      22 Even if you wash with lye and use a great amount of soap,| the stain of your guilt is still in front of Me. [This is]*The bracketed text has been added for clarity. the Lord God 's declaration.
                                                                      References for Jeremiah 2:22
                                                                        • | 2:22 - Ps 51:2,7; Mal 3:2
                                                                          23 How can you protest: I am not defiled; I have not followed the Baals?} Look at your behavior in the valley; acknowledge what you have done. [You are] a swift young camel twisting and turning on her way,
                                                                          References for Jeremiah 2:23
                                                                            • } 2:23 - Jr 2:8; 9:14
                                                                              24 a wild donkey at home~ in the wilderness. She sniffs the wind in the heat of her desire. Who can control her passion? All who look for her will not become tired; they will find her in her mating season.
                                                                              References for Jeremiah 2:24
                                                                                • ~ 2:24 - Lit donkey taught
                                                                                •  2:24 - Lit her month
                                                                                  25 Keep your feet from going bare and your throat from thirst. But you say: It's hopeless;€ I love strangers, and I will continue to follow them.
                                                                                  References for Jeremiah 2:25
                                                                                    • € 2:25 - Jr 18:12
                                                                                    •  2:25 - Jr 3:13; Dt 32:16
                                                                                      26 Like the shame of a thief when he is caught, so the house of Israel has been put to shame.‚ They, their kings, their officials, their priests, and their prophets
                                                                                      References for Jeremiah 2:26
                                                                                        • ‚ 2:26 - Jr 2:36; 6:15; 8:9,12
                                                                                          27 say to a tree: You are my father, and to a stone: You gave birth to me. For they have turned their back to Me and not their face, but in their time of disaster they beg: Rise up and save us!
                                                                                          28 But where are your gods you made for yourself? Let them rise up and save you in your time of disasterƒ if they can, for your gods are as numerous as your cities, Judah.
                                                                                          References for Jeremiah 2:28
                                                                                            • ƒ 2:28 - Dt 32:37-38

                                                                                              Judgment Deserved

                                                                                              29 Why do you bring a case against Me?„ All of you have rebelled against Me. [This is]*The bracketed text has been added for clarity. the Lord's declaration.
                                                                                              References for Jeremiah 2:29
                                                                                                  30 I have struck down your children in vain; they would not accept discipline.… Your own sword has devoured your prophets like a ravaging lion.
                                                                                                  References for Jeremiah 2:30
                                                                                                    • … 2:30 - Jr 5:3; 17:23; 32:33
                                                                                                      31 [Evil] generation, pay attention to the word of the Lord! Have I been a wilderness to Israel or a land of dense darkness? Why do My people claim: We will go where we want;† we will no longer come to You?
                                                                                                      References for Jeremiah 2:31
                                                                                                        • † 2:31 - Or We have taken control, or We can roam
                                                                                                          32 Can a young woman forget her jewelry or a bride her wedding sash? Yet My people have forgotten Me for countless days.
                                                                                                          33 How skillfully you pursue love; you also teach evil women your ways.
                                                                                                          34 Moreover, your skirts are stained with the blood of the innocent poor.‡ You did not catch them breaking and entering.ˆ But in spite of all these things
                                                                                                          References for Jeremiah 2:34
                                                                                                            • ‡ 2:34 - Jr 22:3,17; 2 Kg 21:16
                                                                                                            • ˆ 2:34 - Ex 22:2
                                                                                                              35 you claim: I am innocent. His anger is sure to turn away from me. But I will certainly judge you because you have said: I have not sinned.
                                                                                                              36 How unstable you are, constantly changing your way! You will be put to shame by Egypt just as you were put to shame by Assyria.
                                                                                                              37 Moreover, you will be led out from here with your hands on your head since the Lord has rejected those you trust;‰ you will not succeed even with their help.Š
                                                                                                              References for Jeremiah 2:37
                                                                                                                • ‰ 2:37 - Jr 7:29; 1 Sm 15:23,26; 2 Kg 17:20
                                                                                                                • Š 2:37 - Lit with them