Job 38 CSB

The Lord Speaks

1 Then the Lord answered Job from the whirlwind.a He said:

References for Job 38:1

    • a 38:1 - Jb 40:6; Ps 107:25,29
      2 Who is this who obscures [My] counsel with ignorant words?b

      References for Job 38:2

          3 Get ready to answer Me like a man; when I question you, you will inform Me.c

          References for Job 38:3

            • c 38:3 - Jb 40:7; Jr 1:17; 1 Pt 1:13
              4 Where were you when I establishedd the earth? Tell [Me], if you havee understanding.

              References for Job 38:4

                • d 38:4 - Ps 89:11; 102:25; 104:5
                • e 38:4 - Lit know
                  5 Who fixed its dimensions? Certainly you know! Who stretched a measuring line across it?
                  6 What supports its foundations? Or who laid its cornerstone
                  7 while the morning stars sang together and all the sons of Godf shouted for joy?

                  References for Job 38:7

                    • f 38:7 - Jb 1:6; 2:1; Gn 6:2,4
                      8 Who enclosed the sea behind doors when it burst from the womb,
                      9 when I made the clouds its garment and thick darkness its blanket,gh

                      References for Job 38:9

                        • g 38:9 - Lit swaddling clothes
                        • h 38:9 - Jb 26:8-9; 37:11; 2 Sm 22:10
                          10 when I determined its boundariesi and put [its] bars and doors in place,

                          References for Job 38:10

                            • i 38:10 - Lit I broke My statute on it
                              11 when I declared: "You may come this far, but no farther; your proud waves stop here"?
                              12 Have you ever in your life commanded the morning or assigned the dawn its place,
                              13 so it may seize the edges of the earth and shake the wicked out of it?
                              14 The earth is changed as clay is by a seal; [its hills] stand out like [the folds of] a garment.
                              15 Lightj is withheld from the wicked, and the arm raised [in violence] is broken.

                              References for Job 38:15

                                • j 38:15 - Lit Their light
                                  16 Have you traveled to the sources of the sea or walked in the depths of the oceans?
                                  17 Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Have you seen the gates of death's shadow?k

                                  References for Job 38:17

                                    • k 38:17 - Jb 10:21-22; 12:22; 24:17
                                      18 Have you comprehended the extent of the earth? Tell [Me], if you know all this.
                                      19 Where is the road to the home of light? [Do you know] where darkness lives,l

                                      References for Job 38:19

                                        • l 38:19 - Jb 10:21; Ps 139:11-12
                                          20 so you can lead it back to its border? Are you familiar with the paths to its home?
                                          21 Don't you know? You were already born;m you have lived so long!n

                                          References for Job 38:21

                                            • m 38:21 - Jb 15:7
                                            • n 38:21 - Lit born; the number of your days is great
                                              22 Have you entered the [place] where the snow is stored? Or have you seen the storehouses of hail,o

                                              References for Job 38:22

                                                • o 38:22 - Jb 37:6; Ex 9:18; Ps 18:12
                                                  23 which I hold in reserve for times of trouble, for the day of warfare and battle?p

                                                  References for Job 38:23

                                                    • p 38:23 - Jos 10:11; Ezk 13:13; Rv 16:21
                                                      24 What road leads to [the place] where light is dispersed?q [Where is the source of] the east wind that spreads across the earth?r

                                                      References for Job 38:24

                                                        • q 38:24 - Or where lightning is distributed
                                                        • r 38:24 - Jb 28:25; Jnh 4:8
                                                          25 Who cuts a channel for the flooding rains or clears the way for lightning,

                                                          References for Job 38:25

                                                            • s 38:25 - Ps 32:6; Nah 1:8
                                                              26 to bring rain on an uninhabited land, [on] a desert with no human life,t

                                                              References for Job 38:26

                                                                • t 38:26 - Lit life in it
                                                                  27 to satisfy the parched wasteland and cause the grass to sprout?u

                                                                  References for Job 38:27

                                                                    • u 38:27 - Gn 1:11-12; 2 Sm 23:4
                                                                      28 Does the rain have a father? Who fathered the drops of dew?v

                                                                      References for Job 38:28

                                                                        • v 38:28 - Jb 5:10; Dt 11:14; Ps 147:8
                                                                          29 Whose womb did the ice come from? Who gave birth to the frost of heavenw

                                                                          References for Job 38:29

                                                                              30 when water becomes as hard as stone,x and the surface of the watery depths is frozen?

                                                                              References for Job 38:30

                                                                                • x 38:30 - Lit water hides itself as the stone
                                                                                  31 Can you fasten the chains of the Pleiades or loosen the belt of Orion?
                                                                                  32 Can you bring out the constellationsy in their season and lead the Bearz and her cubs?{

                                                                                  References for Job 38:32

                                                                                    • y 38:32 - Or Mazzaroth; Hb obscure
                                                                                    • z 38:32 - Or lead Aldebaran
                                                                                    • { 38:32 - Jb 9:9; Isa 40:26; Am 5:8
                                                                                      33 Do you know the laws of heaven? Can you impose its| authority on earth?}

                                                                                      References for Job 38:33

                                                                                          34 Can you command~ the clouds so that a flood of water covers you?

                                                                                          References for Job 38:34

                                                                                            • ~ 38:34 - Lit lift up your voice to
                                                                                            •  38:34 - Jb 22:11
                                                                                              35 Can you send out lightning bolts, and they go?€ Do they report to you: "Here we are"?

                                                                                              References for Job 38:35

                                                                                                • € 38:35 - Ex 19:16; Ps 18:14; 97:4
                                                                                                  36 Who put wisdom in the heart or gave the mind understanding?‚

                                                                                                  References for Job 38:36

                                                                                                    •  38:36 - Or the inner self; Ps 51:6
                                                                                                    • ‚ 38:36 - Jb 28:12,20; Pr 9:10; Isa 11:2
                                                                                                      37 Who has the wisdom to number the clouds? Or who can tilt the water jars of heaven
                                                                                                      38 when the dust hardens like cast metalƒ and the clods [of dirt] stick together?

                                                                                                      References for Job 38:38

                                                                                                          39 Can you hunt prey for a lioness or satisfy the appetite of young lions
                                                                                                          40 when they crouch in their dens and lie in wait within their lairs?„

                                                                                                          References for Job 38:40

                                                                                                            • „ 38:40 - Jb 37:8; Ezk 19:2; Nah 2:11-12
                                                                                                              41 Who provides the raven's food… when its young cry out to God and wander about for lack of food?

                                                                                                              References for Job 38:41