Jesus Flogged and Mocked

1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had Him flogged.

References for John 19:1

      2 The soldiers also twisted together a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and threw a purple robe around Him.
      3 And they repeatedly came up to Him and said, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and were slapping His face.
      4 Pilate went outside again and said to them, "Look, I'm bringing Him outside to you to let you know I find no grounds for charging Him."

      Pilate Sentences Jesus to Death

      5 Then Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, "Here is the man!"a

      References for John 19:5

          6 When the chief priests and the temple police saw Him, they shouted, "Crucify! Crucify!" Pilate responded, "Take Him and crucify Him yourselves, for I find no grounds for charging Him."
          7 "We have a law," the Jews replied to him, "and according to that law He must die, because He made Himselfb the Son of God."c

          References for John 19:7

            • b 19:7 - He claimed to be
            • c 19:7 - Jn 5:18; 19:12
              8 When Pilate heard this statement, he was more afraid than ever.
              9 He went back into the headquarters and asked Jesus, "Where are You from?" But Jesus did not give him an answer.
              10 So Pilate said to Him, "You're not talking to me? Don't You know that I have the authority to release You and the authority to crucify You?"
              11 "You would have no authority over Me at all," Jesus answered him, "if it hadn't been given you from above. This is why the one who handed Me over to you has the greater sin." d

              References for John 19:11

                • d 19:11 - To have sin is an idiom that refers to guilt caused by sin.
                  12 From that moment Pilate made every efforte to release Him. But the Jews shouted, "If you release this man, you are not Caesar's friend. Anyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar!"

                  References for John 19:12

                    • e 19:12 - Lit Pilate was trying
                      13 When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus outside. He sat down on the judge's bench in a place called the Stone Pavement (but in Hebrew Gabbatha).
                      14 It was the preparation day for the Passover, and it was about six in the morning.f Then he told the Jews, "Here is your king!"

                      References for John 19:14

                        • f 19:14 - Lit the sixth hour; see note at Jn 1:39; an alternate time reckoning would be about noon
                          15 But they shouted, "Take Him away! Take Him away! Crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Should I crucify your king?" "We have no king but Caesar!" the chief priests answered.
                          16 So then, because of them, he handed Him over to be crucified. Therefore they took Jesus away.g

                          References for John 19:16

                            • g 19:16 - Other mss add and led Him out

                              The Crucifixion

                              17 Carrying His own cross, He went out to what is called Skull Place, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha.

                              References for John 19:17

                                  18 There they crucified Him and two others with Him, one on either side, with Jesus in the middle.
                                  19 Pilate also had a sign lettered and put on the cross. The inscription was: JESUS THE NAZARENE THE KING OF THE JEWS
                                  20 Many of the Jews read this sign, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Hebrew,h Latin, and Greek.

                                  References for John 19:20

                                      21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, "Don't write, 'The King of the Jews,' but that He said, 'I am the King of the Jews.' "
                                      22 Pilate replied, "What I have written, I have written."
                                      23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took His clothes and divided them into four parts, a part for each soldier. They also took the tunic, which was seamless, woven in one piece from the top.
                                      24 So they said to one another, "Let's not tear it, but toss for it, to see who gets it." [They did this] to fulfill the Scripture that says: They divided My clothes among themselves, and they cast lots for My clothing. i And this is what the soldiers did.

                                      References for John 19:24

                                          Jesus' Provision for His Mother

                                          25 Standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.

                                          References for John 19:25

                                              26 When Jesus saw His mother and the disciple He loved standing there, He said to His mother, "Woman, here is your son."
                                              27 Then He said to the disciple, "Here is your mother." And from that hour the disciple took her into his home.

                                              The Finished Work of Jesus

                                              28 After this, when Jesus knew that everything was now accomplished that the Scripture might be fulfilled, He said, "I'm thirsty!" j

                                              References for John 19:28

                                                • j 19:28 - Ps 22:15; 69:21
                                                  29 A jar full of sour wine was sitting there; so they fixed a sponge full of sour wine on hyssopk and held it up to His mouth.

                                                  References for John 19:29

                                                    • k 19:29 - Or with hyssop
                                                      30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" Then bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

                                                      Jesus' Side Pierced

                                                      31 Since it was the preparation day,l the Jews did not want the bodies to remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a specialm day). They requested that Pilate have the men's legs broken and that [their bodies] be taken away.n

                                                      References for John 19:31

                                                          32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man and of the other one who had been crucified with Him.
                                                          33 When they came to Jesus, they did not break His legs since they saw that He was already dead.
                                                          34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and at once blood and water came out.
                                                          35 He who saw this has testifiedo so that you also may believe. His testimony is true, and he knows he is telling the truth.p

                                                          References for John 19:35

                                                              36 For these things happened so that the Scripture would be fulfilled:q Not one of His bones will be broken. r

                                                              References for John 19:36

                                                                • q 19:36 - Jn 13:18; 17:12; 19:24
                                                                • r 19:36 - Ex 12:46; Nm 9:12; Ps 34:20
                                                                  37 Also, another Scripture says: They will look at the One they pierced. s

                                                                  References for John 19:37

                                                                      Jesus' Burial

                                                                      38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus-but secretly because of his fear of the Jews-asked Pilate that he might remove Jesus' body. Pilate gave him permission, so he came and took His body away.

                                                                      References for John 19:38

                                                                          39 Nicodemus (who had previously come to Him at night) also came, bringing a mixture of about 75 poundst = 12 ounces of myrrh and aloes.

                                                                          References for John 19:39

                                                                            • t 19:39 - Lit 100 litrai; a Roman litrai
                                                                              40 Then they took Jesus' body and wrapped it in linen cloths with the aromatic spices, according to the burial custom of the Jews.
                                                                              41 There was a garden in the place where He was crucified. A new tomb was in the garden; no one had yet been placed in it.
                                                                              42 They placed Jesus there because of the Jewish preparation and since the tomb was nearby.