John 1:1-18 CSB

Prologue

1 In the beginninga was the Word,b and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

References for John 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Gn 1:1
    • b 1:1 - The Word (Gk Logos) is a title for Jesus as the communication and the revealer of God the Father; Jn 1:14,18; Rv 19:13.
      2 He was with God in the beginning.
      3 All things were created through Him, and apart from Him not one thing was created that has been created.c

      References for John 1:3

        • c 1:3 - Col 1:16; Heb 1:2
          4 Life was in Him,d and that life was the light of men.

          References for John 1:4

            • d 1:4 - Other punctuation is possible: . . . not one thing was created. What was created in Him was life
              5 That light shines in the darkness, yet the darkness did not overcomee it.

              References for John 1:5

                • e 1:5 - Or grasp, or comprehend, or overtake; Jn 12:35
                  6 There was a man named John who was sent from God.
                  7 He came as a witness to testify about the light, so that all might believe through him.f

                  References for John 1:7

                    • f 1:7 - Or through it (the light)
                      8 He was not the light, but he came to testify about the light.
                      9 The true light, who gives light to everyone, was coming into the world.g

                      References for John 1:9

                        • g 1:9 - Or The true light who comes into the world gives light to everyone, or The true light enlightens everyone coming into the world.
                          10 He was in the world, and the world was created through Him, yet the world did not recognize Him.
                          11 He came to His own,h and His own peoplei did not receive Him.

                          References for John 1:11

                            • h 1:11 - The same Gk adjective is used twice in this verse: the first refers to all that Jesus owned as Creator (to His own); the second refers to the Jews (His own people).
                            • i 1:11 - The same Gk adjective is used twice in this verse: the first refers to all that Jesus owned as Creator (to His own); the second refers to the Jews (His own people).
                              12 But to all who did receive Him, He gave them the right to bej children of God, to those who believe in His name,

                              References for John 1:12

                                • j 1:12 - Or become
                                  13 who were born, not of blood,k or of the will of the flesh, or of the will of man,l but of God.

                                  References for John 1:13

                                    • k 1:13 - Lit bloods; the pl form of blood occurs only here in the NT. It may refer either to lineal descent (that is, blood from one's father and mother) or to the OT sacrificial system (that is, the various blood sacrifices). Neither is the basis for birth into the family of God.
                                    • l 1:13 - Or not of human lineage, or of human capacity, or of human volition
                                      14 The Word became fleshm and took up residencen among us. We observed His glory, the glory as the One and Only Sono from the Father, full of grace and truth.

                                      References for John 1:14

                                        • m 1:14 - The eternally existent Word (vv. 1-2) took on full humanity, but without sin; Heb 4:15.
                                        • n 1:14 - Lit and tabernacled, or and dwelt in a tent; this word occurs only here in John. A related word, referring to the Festival of Tabernacles, occurs only in 7:2; Ex 40:34-38.
                                        • o 1:14 - Son is implied from the reference to the Father and from Gk usage.
                                          15 (John testified concerning Him and exclaimed, "This was the One of whom I said, 'The One coming after me has surpassed me, because He existed before me.' ")
                                          16 Indeed, we have all received grace after grace from His fullness,
                                          17 for although the law was given through Moses, grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
                                          18 No one has ever seen God.p The One and Only Sonq- the One who is at the Father's sider- He has revealed Him.

                                          References for John 1:18

                                            • p 1:18 - Since God is an infinite being, no one can see Him in His absolute essential nature; Ex 33:18-23.
                                            • q 1:18 - Other mss read God
                                            • r 1:18 - Lit is in the bosom of the Father