Judges 1 CSB

Judah's Leadership against the Canaanites

1 After the death of Joshua,a the Israelites inquired of the Lord, "Who will be the first to fight for us against the Canaanites?"

References for Judges 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Jos 1:1; 24:29-31
      2 The Lord answered, "Judah is to go.b I have handed the land over to him."

      References for Judges 1:2

        • b 1:2 - Jdg 20:18
          3 Judah said to his brother Simeon, "Come with me to my territory, and let us fight against the Canaanites. I will also go with you to your territory." So Simeon went with him.
          4 When Judah attacked, the Lord handed the Canaanites and Perizzites over to them. They struck down 10,000 men in Bezek.c

          References for Judges 1:4

            • c 1:4 - 1 Sm 11:8
              5 They found Adoni-bezek in Bezek, fought against him, and struck down the Canaanites and Perizzites.
              6 When Adoni-bezek fled, they pursued him, seized him, and cut off his thumbs and big toes.d

              References for Judges 1:6

                • d 1:6 - 2 Sm 4:12
                  7 Adoni-bezek said, "Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off used to pick up [scraps]e under my table. God has repaid me for what I have done." They brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there.

                  References for Judges 1:7

                    • e 1:7 - Lit toes are gathering
                      8 The men of Judah fought against Jerusalem and captured it. They put the city to the sword and set it on fire.
                      9 Afterwards, the men of Judah marched down to fight against the Canaanites who were living in the hill country, the Negev, and the Judean foothills.f

                      References for Judges 1:9

                        • f 1:9 - Or the Shephelah
                          10 Judah also marched against the Canaanites who were living in Hebron (Hebron was formerly named Kiriath-arba).g They struck down Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai.h

                          References for Judges 1:10

                            • g 1:10 - Gn 23:2; 35:27; Jos 14:15
                            • h 1:10 - Nm 13:22; Jos 15:13-14
                              11 From there they marched against the residents of Debir (Debir was formerly named Kiriath-sepher).
                              12 Caleb said, "Whoever strikes down and captures Kiriath-sepher, I will give my daughter Achsahi to him as a wife."

                              References for Judges 1:12

                                • i 1:12 - Jos 15:16-17; 1 Ch 2:49
                                  13 So Othnielj son of Kenaz, Caleb's youngest brother, captured it, and Caleb gave his daughter Achsah to him as his wife.

                                  References for Judges 1:13

                                    • j 1:13 - Jdg 3:9,11; Jos 15:17; 1 Ch 4:13
                                      14 When she arrived, she persuaded Othnielk to ask her father for a field. As she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her,l "What do you want?"

                                      References for Judges 1:14

                                        • k 1:14 - LXX reads arrived, he pressured her
                                        • l 1:14 - LXX reads She grumbled while on the donkey, and she cried out from the donkey, "Into the southland you sent me out," and Caleb said
                                          15 She answered him, "Give me a blessing. Since you have given me land in the Negev, give me springs of water also." So Caleb gave her both the upper and lower springs.mn

                                          References for Judges 1:15

                                            • m 1:15 - LXX reads me redemption of water, and Caleb gave her according to her heart the redemption of the upper and the redemption of the lower
                                            • n 1:15 - Jos 15:15-19
                                              16 The descendants of the Kenite, Moses' father-in-law,o had gone up with the men of Judah from the City of Palmsp to the Wilderness of Judah, which was in the Negev of Arad.q They went to live among the people.

                                              References for Judges 1:16

                                                • o 1:16 - Ex 2:18; 3:1; 4:18; 18:1-12; Nm 10:29
                                                • p 1:16 - Jericho; Jdg 3:13; Dt 34:3; 2 Ch 28:15
                                                • q 1:16 - Nm 21:1; 33:40; Jos 12:14
                                                  17 Judah went with his brother Simeon, struck the Canaanites who were living in Zephath, and completely destroyed the town. So they named the town Hormah.r

                                                  References for Judges 1:17

                                                    • r 1:17 - Nm 21:3; Dt 1:44
                                                      18 Judah captured Gaza and its territory, Ashkelon and its territory, and Ekron and its territory.s

                                                      References for Judges 1:18

                                                        • s 1:18 - LXX reads Judah did not inherit Gaza and its borders nor Ashkelon and its borders nor Ekron and its borders or Azotus and its surrounding lands
                                                          19 The Lord was witht Judah and enabled them to take possession of the hill country, but they could not drive outu the people who were living in the valley because those people had iron chariots.vw

                                                          References for Judges 1:19

                                                            • t 1:19 - Gn 39:2,21; Jos 6:27; Jdg 2:18; 1 Sm 18:12
                                                            • u 1:19 - Jos 15:63
                                                            • v 1:19 - LXX reads hill country, for they were not able to drive out the residents of the valley because Rechab separated it
                                                            • w 1:19 - Jdg 4:3,13; Jos 17:16,18
                                                              20 Judah gave Hebron to Caleb, just as Moses had promised.x Then Caleb drove out the three sons of Anaky who lived there.z

                                                              References for Judges 1:20

                                                                • x 1:20 - Dt 1:36; Jos 14:9
                                                                • y 1:20 - Nm 13:22
                                                                • z 1:20 - LXX reads And he inherited from there the three cities of the sons of Anak.

                                                                  Benjamin's Failure

                                                                  21 At the same time the Benjaminites did not drive out the Jebusites who were living in Jerusalem. The Jebusites have lived among the Benjaminites in Jerusalem to this day.{

                                                                  References for Judges 1:21

                                                                    • { 1:21 - Jos 15:63

                                                                      Success of the House of Joseph

                                                                      22 The house of Joseph also attacked Bethel, and the Lord was with| them.

                                                                      References for Judges 1:22

                                                                        • | 1:22 - Gn 39:2,21; Jos 6:27; Jdg 2:18; 1 Sm 18:12
                                                                          23 They sent spies to Bethel (the town was formerly named Luz}).

                                                                          References for Judges 1:23

                                                                            • } 1:23 - Jdg 1:26; Gn 28:19; 35:6; 48:3
                                                                              24 The spies saw a man coming out of the town and said to him, "Please show us how to get into town, and we will treat you well."~

                                                                              References for Judges 1:24

                                                                                • ~ 1:24 - Jos 2:12,14; 2 Sm 9:1,3,7
                                                                                  25 When he showed them the way into the town, they put the town to the sword but released the man and his entire family.
                                                                                  26 Then the man went to the land of the Hittites, built a town, and named it Luz. That is its name to this day.

                                                                                  Failure of the Other Tribes

                                                                                  27 At that time Manasseh failed to take possession of Beth-shean€ and its villages, or Taanach‚ and its villages, or the residents of Dorƒ and its villages, or the residents of Ibleam„…and its villages, or the residents of Megiddo† and its villages. But the Canaanites refused to leave‡ this land.ˆ

                                                                                  References for Judges 1:27

                                                                                    •  1:27 - LXX reads Beth-shean, which is a Scythian city
                                                                                    • € 1:27 - Jos 17:11,16; 1 Sm 31:10,12; 2 Sm 21:12
                                                                                    •  1:27 - LXX reads its villages nor the fields around it
                                                                                    • ‚ 1:27 - Jdg 5:19; Jos 17:11; 21:25
                                                                                    • ƒ 1:27 - Jos 11:2; 12:23; 17:11; 1 Kg 4:11
                                                                                    • „ 1:27 - LXX reads Balaam
                                                                                    • … 1:27 - Jos 17:11; 2 Kg 9:27
                                                                                    • † 1:27 - Jdg 5:19; 1 Kg 9:15; 2 Kg 23:29-30
                                                                                    • ‡ 1:27 - LXX reads Canaanites began to live in
                                                                                    • ˆ 1:27 - Jdg 1:35; Jos 17:12; Hs 5:11
                                                                                      28 When Israel became stronger, they made the Canaanites serve as forced labor but never drove them out completely.‰

                                                                                      References for Judges 1:28

                                                                                        • ‰ 1:28 - Jos 17:12-13
                                                                                          29 At that time Ephraim failed to drive out the Canaanites who were living in Gezer, so the Canaanites have lived among them in Gezer.Š‹

                                                                                          References for Judges 1:29

                                                                                            • Š 1:29 - LXX reads Gezer, and became forced labor
                                                                                            • ‹ 1:29 - Jos 16:10
                                                                                              30 Zebulun failed to drive out the residents of Kitron or the residents of Nahalol, so the Canaanites lived among them and served as forced labor.
                                                                                              31 Asher failed to drive out the residents of AccoΠor of Sidon, or Ahlab, Achzib, Helbah, Aphik, or Rehob.

                                                                                              References for Judges 1:31

                                                                                                • Œ 1:31 - LXX reads Acco, and they became for him forced labor and the residents of Dor
                                                                                                  32 The Asherites lived among the Canaanites who were living in the land, because they failed to drive them out.
                                                                                                  33 Naphtali did not drive out the residents of Beth-shemesh or the residents of Beth-anath. They lived among the Canaanites who were living in the land, but the residents of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath served as their forced labor.
                                                                                                  34 The Amorites forced the Danites into the hill country and did not allow them to go down into the valley.
                                                                                                  35 The Amorites refused to leave Har-heres, Aijalon, and Shaalbim. When the house of Joseph got the upper hand, the AmoritesŽ were made to serve as forced labor.

                                                                                                  References for Judges 1:35

                                                                                                    •  1:35 - Jos 10:12; 1 Sm 14:31; 1 Ch 8:13; 2 Ch 28:18
                                                                                                    • Ž 1:35 - LXX reads Joseph became strong on the Amorites, they
                                                                                                      36 The territory of the Amorites extended from the ascent of Akrabbim, that is from Sela upward.

                                                                                                      References for Judges 1:36

                                                                                                        •  1:36 - Nm 34:4; Jos 15:3
                                                                                                        •  1:36 - 2 Kg 14:7; Isa 16:1