Judges 2 CSB

Pattern of Sin and Judgment

1 The Angel of the Lord went up from Gilgal to Bochima and said, "I brought you out of Egypt and led you into the landb I had promised to your fathers.c I also said: I will never break My covenant with you.

References for Judges 2:1

    • a 2:1 - LXX reads to the weeping place and to Bethel and to the house of Israel
    • b 2:1 - Ex 6:8; Nm 14:3,8; Ezk 20:15
    • c 2:1 - Nm 14:23; Dt 6:10,23; 10:11; Jos 1:6
      2 You are not to make a covenantd with the people who are living in this land, and you are to tear down their altars.efBut you have not obeyed Me. What is this you have done?

      References for Judges 2:2

        • d 2:2 - Ex 23:32; Dt 7:2
        • e 2:2 - LXX reads with those lying in wait in this land; neither are you to fall down in worship to their gods, but their carved images you must break to pieces and their altars you must destroy
        • f 2:2 - Jdg 6:30-32; Ex 34:13; Dt 7:5; 12:3; 2 Ch 34:7
          3 Therefore, I now say: I will not drive out these people before you.g They will be thornshi in your sides,j and their gods will be a trap to you."k

          References for Judges 2:3

            • g 2:3 - Ex 23:29
            • h 2:3 - LXX reads affliction
            • i 2:3 - Lit traps
            • j 2:3 - Nm 33:55
            • k 2:3 - Ex 23:33; 34:12; Dt 7:16; Jos 23:13
              4 When the Angel of the Lord had spoken these words to all the Israelites, the people wept loudly.
              5 So they named that place Bochiml and offered sacrifices there to the Lord.

              References for Judges 2:5

                • l 2:5 - Or Weeping

                  Joshua's Death

                  6 Joshua sent the people away, and the Israelites went to take possession of the land, each to his own inheritance.

                  References for Judges 2:6

                      7 The people worshiped the Lord throughout Joshua's lifetime and during the lifetimes of the elders who outlivedm Joshua. They had seen all the Lord's great worksn He had done for Israel.

                      References for Judges 2:7

                        • m 2:7 - Lit extended their days after
                        • n 2:7 - Dt 11:7; Jos 24:31
                          8 Joshua son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died at the age of 110.
                          9 They buried him in the territory of his inheritance, in Timnath-heres, in the hill country of Ephraim, north of Mount Gaash.o

                          References for Judges 2:9

                            • o 2:9 - Jos 24:28-31
                              10 That whole generation was also gathered to their ancestors. After them another generation rose up who did not know the Lord p or the works He had done for Israel.

                              References for Judges 2:10

                                • p 2:10 - Ex 5:2; 1 Sm 2:12
                                  11 The Israelites did what was evil in the Lord's sight. They worshiped the Baals
                                  12 and abandoned the Lord, the God of their fathers, who had brought them out of Egypt. They went after other gods from the surrounding peoplesq and bowed down to them. They infuriated the Lord,r

                                  References for Judges 2:12

                                    • q 2:12 - Dt 6:14; 13:7
                                    • r 2:12 - 1 Kg 14:15; 15:30; 2 Kg 17:11; 2 Ch 28:25
                                      13 for they abandoned Him and worshiped Baal and the Ashtoreths.s

                                      References for Judges 2:13

                                        • s 2:13 - Jdg 10:6; 1 Sm 7:3-4; 12:10; 1 Kg 11:5,33; 2 Kg 23:13
                                          14 The Lord's anger burned against Israel, and He handed them over to marauders who raided them. He sold them tot the enemies around them, so that they could no longer resist their enemies.

                                          References for Judges 2:14

                                            • t 2:14 - Lit into the hand of
                                              15 Whenever the Israelites went out, the Lord u was against themv and brought disaster [on them], just as He had promised and sworn to them. So they suffered greatly.

                                              References for Judges 2:15

                                                • u 2:15 - Lit the hand of the Lord
                                                • v 2:15 - Dt 2:15
                                                  16 The Lord raised up judges, who saved them from the power of their marauders,
                                                  17 but they did not listen to their judges. Instead, they prostituted themselves with other gods, bowing down to them. They quickly turned from the wayw of their fathers, who had walked in obedience to the Lord's commands. They did not do as their fathers did.

                                                  References for Judges 2:17

                                                    • w 2:17 - Ex 32:8; Dt 9:12,16
                                                      18 Whenever the Lord raised up a judge for the Israelites, the Lord was with him and saved the people from the power of their enemies while the judge was still alive.x The Lord was moved to pity whenever they groaned because of those who were oppressing and afflicting them.

                                                      References for Judges 2:18

                                                        • x 2:18 - Lit enemies all the days of the judge
                                                          19 Whenever the judge died, the Israelites would act even more corruptly than their fathers, going after other gods to worship and bow down to them. They did not turn from their [evil] practices or their obstinate ways.
                                                          20 The Lord's anger burned against Israel, and He declared, "Because this nation has violated My covenant that I made with their fathersy and disobeyed Me,

                                                          References for Judges 2:20

                                                            • y 2:20 - Jdg 3:4; 1 Kg 8:58; 2 Kg 17:13; Ps 78:5; Jr 11:4
                                                              21 I will no longer drive out before them any of the nations Joshua leftz when he died.{

                                                              References for Judges 2:21

                                                                • z 2:21 - Jos 13:1-7; 23:1-16
                                                                • { 2:21 - Jos 24:29-30
                                                                  22 [I did this] to test Israel and to see whether they would keep the Lord's way by walking in it, as their fathers had."|

                                                                  References for Judges 2:22

                                                                    • | 2:22 - Jos 24:31
                                                                      23 The Lord left these nations and did not drive them out immediately. He did not hand them over to Joshua.