Lamentations 2 CSB

Judgment on Jerusalem

Alef

1 How the Lord has overshadowed Daughter Zion with His anger! He has thrown down Israel's glory from heaven to earth. He has abandoned His footstoolab in the day of His anger.c

References for Lamentations 2:1

    • a 2:1 - Either the ark of the covenant or the temple
    • b 2:1 - 1 Ch 28:2; Ps 99:5; 132:7
    • c 2:1 - Jb 20:28; Ps 110:5; Zph 2:2-3

      Bet

      2 Without compassiond the Lord has swallowed up all the dwellings of Jacob. In His wrath He has demolished the fortified citiese of Daughter Judah. He brought [them] to the ground and defiled the kingdom and its leaders.f

      References for Lamentations 2:2

        • d 2:2 - Lm 3:43; Jb 16:13; Ezk 8:18
        • e 2:2 - Isa 2:12,15
        • f 2:2 - Ps 89:39; Isa 43:28; 47:6

          Gimel

          3 He has cut off every horng of Israel in His burning anger and withdrawn His right hand in the presence of the enemy. He has blazed against Jacob like a flaming fire that consumes everything [in its path].

          References for Lamentations 2:3

            • g 2:3 - Ps 75:5,10; Jr 48:25

              Dalet

              4 Like an enemy He has bent His bow;h His right hand is positioned like an adversary. He has killed everyone who was loved,i pouring out His wrath like fire on the tent of Daughter Zion.

              References for Lamentations 2:4

                • h 2:4 - Lm 3:12; Ps 7:12
                • i 2:4 - Lit killed all the delights of the eye; Ezk 24:16

                  He

                  5 The Lord is like an enemy; He has swallowed up Israel. He swallowed up all its palaces and destroyed its fortified cities. He has multiplied mourning and lamentation within Daughter Judah.j

                  References for Lamentations 2:5

                    • j 2:5 - Isa 29:2

                      Vav

                      6 He has done violence to His templek as if [it were] a garden [booth], destroying His place of meeting.l The Lord has abolished appointed festivals and Sabbaths in Zion. He has despised king and priest in His fierce anger.

                      References for Lamentations 2:6

                        • k 2:6 - Lit booth
                        • l 2:6 - Ps 74:4

                          Zayin

                          7 The Lord has rejected His altar, repudiated His sanctuary;m He has handed the walls of her palaces over to the enemy. They have raised a shout in the house of the Lord as on the day of an appointed festival.

                          References for Lamentations 2:7

                            • m 2:7 - Ps 89:39

                              Khet

                              8 The Lord determined to destroy the wall of Daughter Zion. He stretched out a measuring linen and did not restrain Himself from destroying. He made the ramparts and walls grieve; together they waste away.

                              References for Lamentations 2:8

                                • n 2:8 - 2 Kg 21:13; Isa 28:17; 34:11,17

                                  Tet

                                  9 Zion's gates have fallen to the ground;o He has destroyed and shattered the bars on her [gates]. Her king and her leaders [live] among the nations, instructionp is no more, and even her prophets receive no vision from the Lord.q

                                  References for Lamentations 2:9

                                    • o 2:9 - Neh 1:3; Jr 14:2
                                    • p 2:9 - Or the law
                                    • q 2:9 - Ezk 7:26; Mc 3:6

                                      Yod

                                      10 The elders of Daughter Zion sit on the ground in silence. They have thrown dust on their headsr and put on sackcloth. The young women of Jerusalem have bowed their heads to the ground.s

                                      References for Lamentations 2:10

                                        • r 2:10 - Jos 7:6; Jb 2:12; Ezk 27:30
                                        • s 2:10 - Jb 10:15; Isa 58:5

                                          Kaf

                                          11 My eyes are worn out from weeping;t I am churning within. My heart is poured out in griefuv because of the destruction of my dear people,w because children and infants faint in the streets of the city.

                                          References for Lamentations 2:11

                                            • t 2:11 - Ps 69:3
                                            • u 2:11 - Lit My liver is poured out on the ground
                                            • v 2:11 - Ps 22:14
                                            • w 2:11 - Lm 3:48

                                              Lamed

                                              12 They cry out to their mothers: Where is the grain and wine?x as they faint like the wounded in the streets of the city, as their lives fade away in the arms of their mothers.

                                              References for Lamentations 2:12

                                                • x 2:12 - Dt 28:51; Hs 2:8-9; 7:14

                                                  Mem

                                                  13 What can I say on your behalf? To what can I compare you, Daughter Jerusalem? What can I liken you to, so that I may console you, Virgin Daughter Zion? For your ruin is as vast as the sea. Who can heal you?y

                                                  References for Lamentations 2:13

                                                      Nun

                                                      14 Your prophets saw visions for you that were empty and deceptive;z they did not reveal your guilt and so restore your fortunes.{ They saw oracles for you that were empty and misleading.

                                                      References for Lamentations 2:14

                                                        • z 2:14 - Ezk 13:8-16
                                                        • { 2:14 - Dt 30:1-3; Jr 29:11-14; 30:1-3

                                                          Samek

                                                          15 All who pass by [scornfully] clap their hands| at you. They hiss} and shake their heads~ at Daughter Jerusalem: Is this the city that was called the perfection of beauty, the joy of the whole earth?€

                                                          References for Lamentations 2:15

                                                            • | 2:15 - Nm 24:10; Ezk 25:6
                                                            • } 2:15 - 1 Kg 9:8; Jr 19:8
                                                            • ~ 2:15 - Ps 22:7; 109:25; Mk 15:29
                                                            •  2:15 - Ps 50:2
                                                            • € 2:15 - Ps 48:2

                                                              Pe

                                                              16 All your enemies open their mouths against you. They hiss and gnash [their] teeth,‚ saying, "We have swallowed [her] up.ƒ This is the day we have waited for! We have lived to see [it]."

                                                              References for Lamentations 2:16

                                                                •  2:16 - Lm 3:46; Jb 16:10; Ps 22:13
                                                                • ‚ 2:16 - Jb 16:9; Ps 35:16; 37:12
                                                                • ƒ 2:16 - Lm 2:2,5,8

                                                                  Ayin

                                                                  17 The Lord has done what He planned; He has accomplished His decree, which He ordained in days of old. He has demolished without compassion,„ letting the enemy gloat over you and exalting the horn of your adversaries.

                                                                  References for Lamentations 2:17

                                                                    • „ 2:17 - Lm 2:2,21; 3:43; Ezk 7:8-9

                                                                      Tsade

                                                                      18 The hearts of the people cry out to the Lord. Wall of Daughter Zion,… let [your] tears run down like a river day and night.† Give yourself no relief and your‡ eyes no rest.

                                                                      References for Lamentations 2:18

                                                                        • … 2:18 - Lm 2:8
                                                                        • † 2:18 - Jr 14:17
                                                                        • ‡ 2:18 - Lit and the daughter of your

                                                                          Qof

                                                                          19 Arise, cry out in the night, from the first watch of the night. Pour out your heart like water before the Lord's presence.ˆ Lift up your hands to Him for the lives of your children who are fainting from hunger on the corner of every street.‰

                                                                          References for Lamentations 2:19

                                                                            • ˆ 2:19 - Ps 77:2; 84:2
                                                                            • ‰ 2:19 - Isa 51:20

                                                                              Resh

                                                                              20 Lord, look and consider who You have done this to. Should women eat their own children, the infants they have nurtured?Š Should priests and prophets be killed in the Lord's sanctuary?

                                                                              References for Lamentations 2:20

                                                                                • Š 2:20 - Or infants in a healthy condition; Hb obscure

                                                                                  Shin

                                                                                  21 [Both] young and old are lying on the ground in the streets. My young men and women have fallen by the sword. You have killed [them] in the day of Your anger, slaughtering without compassion.‹

                                                                                  References for Lamentations 2:21

                                                                                    • ‹ 2:21 - Lm 2:2,17; 3:43

                                                                                      Tav

                                                                                      22 You summoned my attackersŒ on every side, as if [for] an appointed festival day; on the day of the Lord's anger no one escaped or survived. My enemy has destroyed those I nurturedŽ and reared.

                                                                                      References for Lamentations 2:22

                                                                                        • Œ 2:22 - Or terrors
                                                                                        •  2:22 - Ps 31:13; Jr 6:25; 20:10
                                                                                        • Ž 2:22 - Or I bore healthy; Hb obscure