Lamentations 4 CSB

Terrors of the Besieged City

Alef

1 How the gold has become tarnished, the fine gold become dull! The stones of the templea lie scattered at the corner of every street.b

References for Lamentations 4:1

    • a 4:1 - Or The sacred gems
    • b 4:1 - Ezk 7:19-20

      Bet

      2 Zion's precious people- [once] worth their weight in pure goldc- how they are regarded as clay jars, the work of a potter's hands!

      References for Lamentations 4:2

        • c 4:2 - Isa 62:3; Zch 9:16

          Gimel

          3 Even jackals offer [their] breasts to nurse their young, but my dear people have become cruel like ostrichesd in the wilderness.

          References for Lamentations 4:3

            • d 4:3 - Jb 39:13-18

              Dalet

              4 The nursing infant's tongue clings to the roof of his mouth from thirst.e Little children beg for bread, but no one gives them [any].

              References for Lamentations 4:4

                • e 4:4 - Ps 22:15

                  He

                  5 Those who used to eat delicacies are destitute in the streets; those who were reared in purple [garments]f huddle in garbage heaps.

                  References for Lamentations 4:5

                    • f 4:5 - Jdg 8:26; Est 8:15

                      Vav

                      6 The punishment of my dear people is greater than that of Sodom,g which was overthrown in an instant without a hand laid on it.

                      References for Lamentations 4:6

                        • g 4:6 - Gn 18-19; Isa 3:9; Jr 23:14

                          Zayin

                          7 Her dignitaries were brighter than snow, whiter than milk; [their] bodiesh were more ruddy than coral, their appearance [like] sapphire.i

                          References for Lamentations 4:7

                            • h 4:7 - Lit bones
                            • i 4:7 - Or lapis lazuli

                              Khet

                              8 [Now] they appear darker than soot; they are not recognized in the streets. Their skin has shriveled on their bones; it has become dry like wood.

                              References for Lamentations 4:8

                                  Tet

                                  9 Those slain by the sword are better off than those slain by hunger, who waste away, pierced [with pain] because the fields lack produce.

                                  References for Lamentations 4:9

                                      Yod

                                      10 The hands of compassionate women have cooked their own children;j they became their food during the destruction of my dear people.k

                                      References for Lamentations 4:10

                                        • j 4:10 - 2 Kg 6:9
                                        • k 4:10 - Lm 2:11; 3:48; Jr 8:11,21

                                          Kaf

                                          11 The Lord has exhausted His wrath, poured out His burning anger; He has ignited a fire in Zion, and it has consumed her foundations.l

                                          References for Lamentations 4:11

                                              Lamed

                                              12 The kings of the earth and all the world's inhabitants did not believe that an enemy or adversary could enter Jerusalem's gates.m

                                              References for Lamentations 4:12

                                                • m 4:12 - 2 Sm 5:6-8; Ps 48:1-5

                                                  Mem

                                                  13 [Yet it happened] because of the sins of her prophets and the guilt of her priests, who shed the blood of the righteous within her.n

                                                  References for Lamentations 4:13

                                                    • n 4:13 - Ps 106:38-39; Ezk 22:1-5

                                                      Nun

                                                      14 Blind, they stumbled in the streets,o defiled by this blood,p so that no one dared to touch their garments.

                                                      References for Lamentations 4:14

                                                        • o 4:14 - Dt 28:29; Isa 59:10; Zph 1:17
                                                        • p 4:14 - Lv 21:11

                                                          Samek

                                                          15 "Stay away! Unclean!" people shouted at them. "Away, away! Don't touch [us]!"q So they wandered aimlessly.r It was said among the nations, "They can stay here no longer."

                                                          References for Lamentations 4:15

                                                              Pe

                                                              16 The Lord Himself has scattered them; He regards them no more. The priests are not respected; the elders find no favor.

                                                              References for Lamentations 4:16

                                                                  Ayin

                                                                  17 All the while our eyes were failing [as we looked] in vain for assistance; we watched from our towers for a nations that refused to help.

                                                                  References for Lamentations 4:17

                                                                    • s 4:17 - Probably Egypt

                                                                      Tsade

                                                                      18 Our steps were closely followed, so that we could not walk in our streets. Our end drew near; our time ran out. Our end had come!

                                                                      References for Lamentations 4:18

                                                                          Qof

                                                                          19 Those who chased us were swifter than eagles in the sky; they relentlessly pursued us over the mountains and ambushed us in the wilderness.

                                                                          References for Lamentations 4:19

                                                                              Resh

                                                                              20 The Lord's anointed,t the breath of our life,u was captured in their traps; we had said about him: We will live under his protection among the nations.

                                                                              References for Lamentations 4:20

                                                                                • t 4:20 - King Zedekiah; 2 Kg 25:7
                                                                                • u 4:20 - Lit nostrils

                                                                                  Sin

                                                                                  21 So rejoice and be glad, Daughter Edom,v you resident of the land of Uz!w Yet the cupx will pass to you as well; you will get drunk and expose yourself.

                                                                                  References for Lamentations 4:21

                                                                                    • v 4:21 - Ezk 35:15; Ob 12
                                                                                    • w 4:21 - Jr 25:20
                                                                                    • x 4:21 - Isa 51:17; Jr 25:15-16; Hab 2:16

                                                                                      Tav

                                                                                      22 Daughter Zion, your punishment is complete; He will not lengthen your exile.y But He will punish your iniquity, Daughter Edom, and will expose your sins.z

                                                                                      References for Lamentations 4:22

                                                                                        • y 4:22 - Or not deport you again
                                                                                        • z 4:22 - Ps 137:7; Ezk 25:12-14; Jl 3:19