The Restitution Offering

1 "Now this is the law of the restitution offering;a it is especially holy.

References for Leviticus 7:1

    • a 7:1 - Lv 5:14-6:7; Isa 53:10
      2 The restitution offering must be slaughtered at the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered,b and the priest is to sprinkle its blood on all sides of the altar.

      References for Leviticus 7:2

        • b 7:2 - Lv 1:11
          3 The offerer must present all the fat from it: the fat tail,c the fat surrounding the entrails,d

          References for Leviticus 7:3

            • c 7:3 - Lv 3:9; 8:25; 9:19; Ex 29:22
            • d 7:3 - LXX, Sam add and all the fat that is on the entrails; Lv 3:3,9,14; 4:8
              4 and the two kidneys with the fat on them at the loins; he will also remove the fatty lobe of the liver with the kidneys.e

              References for Leviticus 7:4

                • e 7:4 - Lv 3:3-4,9-10,14-15
                  5 The priest will burn them on the altar as a fire offering to the Lord; it is a restitution offering.
                  6 Any male among the priests may eat it. It is to be eaten in a holy place; it is especially holy.f

                  References for Leviticus 7:6

                    • f 7:6 - Lv 7:1; Ezk 42:13; 44:12-13
                      7 "The restitution offering is like the sin offering; the law is the same for both. It belongs to the priest who makes atonement with it.g

                      References for Leviticus 7:7

                        • g 7:7 - Lv 4:1-5:13
                          8 As for the priest who presents someone's burnt offering, the hide of the burnt offering he has presented belongs to him; it is the priest's.
                          9 Any grain offering that is baked in an oven, or prepared in a pan or on a griddle,h belongs to the priest who presents it; it is his.

                          References for Leviticus 7:9

                            • h 7:9 - Lv 2:4-10
                              10 But any grain offering, whether dry or mixed with oil, belongs equallyi to all of Aaron's sons.j

                              References for Leviticus 7:10

                                • i 7:10 - Lit oil, will be a man like his brother
                                • j 7:10 - 1 Co 9:13-14

                                  The Fellowship Sacrifice

                                  11 "Now this is the law of the fellowship sacrificek that someone may present to the Lord:

                                  References for Leviticus 7:11

                                    • k 7:11 - Lv 3:1-17
                                      12 If he presents it for thanksgiving, in addition to the thanksgiving sacrifice,l m he is to present unleavened cakes mixed with olive oil, unleavened wafers coated with oil, and well-kneaded cakes of fine flour mixed with oil.

                                      References for Leviticus 7:12

                                        • l 7:12 - The thanksgiving sacrifice is the first of three kinds of fellowship sacrifices. It was given to express gratitude to God (Jr 33:11) in circumstances such as answered prayer (Ps 50:14-15) or safe travel (Ps 107:22-25).
                                        • m 7:12 - Lv 22:29; 2 Ch 29:31; 33:16; Jr 33:11
                                          13 He is to present as his offering cakes of leavened bread,n with his thanksgiving sacrifice of fellowship.

                                          References for Leviticus 7:13

                                            • n 7:13 - Although yeast was prohibited from being burned on the altar (Lv 2:11), leavened bread could still be an offering (Lv 23:17-20) to be eaten by the priests and their families.
                                              14 From the cakes he must present one [portion] of each offering as a contribution to the Lord. It will belong to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the fellowship offering; it is his.
                                              15 The meat of his thanksgiving sacrifice of fellowship must be eaten on the day he offers it; he may not leave any of it until morning.o

                                              References for Leviticus 7:15

                                                • o 7:15 - Lv 19:5-8; Ex 34:25; Dt 16:4
                                                  16 "If the sacrifice he offers is a vowp or a freewill offering,q r it is to be eaten on the day he presents his sacrifice, and what is left over may be eaten on the next day.

                                                  References for Leviticus 7:16

                                                    • p 7:16 - The vow offering, the second category of fellowship sacrifice, was brought as an expression of gratitude to fulfill a vow; Gn 28:20; 2 Sm 15:7-8; Pr 7:14.
                                                    • q 7:16 - The freewill offering, the third category of fellowship sacrifice, was a voluntary expression of gratitude toward God for any reason; Dt 16:10; Ps 54:6.
                                                    • r 7:16 - Nm 15:3,8; Dt 12:6,17; Ezk 46:12
                                                      17 But what remains of the sacrificial meat by the third day must be burned up.
                                                      18 If any of the meat of his fellowship sacrifice is eaten on the third day, it will not be accepted. It will not be credited to the one who presents it; it is repulsive. The person who eats any of it will be guilty.s t

                                                      References for Leviticus 7:18

                                                        • s 7:18 - Or will bear his guilt
                                                        • t 7:18 - Lv 5:17; 19:8; 22:16
                                                          19 "Meat that touches anything unclean must not be eaten; it is to be burned up. Everyone who is clean may eat any [other] meat.
                                                          20 But the one who eats meat from the Lord's fellowship sacrifice while he is unclean,u that person must be cut off from his people.

                                                          References for Leviticus 7:20

                                                            • u 7:20 - Lit while his uncleanness is upon him
                                                              21 If someone touches anything unclean,v whether human uncleanness, an unclean animal, or any unclean, detestablew creature, and eats meat from the Lord's fellowship sacrifice, that person must be cut off from his people."

                                                              References for Leviticus 7:21

                                                                • v 7:21 - Lv 5:2-3
                                                                • w 7:21 - Some Hb mss, Sam, Syr, Tg read swarming

                                                                  Fat and Blood Prohibited

                                                                  22 The Lord spoke to Moses:

                                                                  References for Leviticus 7:22

                                                                      23 "Tell the Israelites: You are not to eat any fatx of an ox, a sheep, or a goat.

                                                                      References for Leviticus 7:23

                                                                        • x 7:23 - Lv 3:16-17
                                                                          24 The fat of an animal that dies naturally or is mauled by wild beastsy may be used for any purpose, but you must not eat it.z

                                                                          References for Leviticus 7:24

                                                                            • y 7:24 - Lit fat of a carcass or the fat of a mauled beast
                                                                            • z 7:24 - Lv 17:15; 22:8; Ex 22:31
                                                                              25 If anyone eats animal fat from a fire offering presented to the Lord, the person who eats [it] must be cut off from his people.
                                                                              26 Wherever you live, you must not eat the blood{ of any bird or animal.

                                                                              References for Leviticus 7:26

                                                                                • { 7:26 - Lv 17:10-12; Gn 9:3-4; Dt 12:16,23
                                                                                  27 Whoever eats any blood, that person must be cut off from his people."

                                                                                  The Portion for the Priests

                                                                                  28 The Lord spoke to Moses:

                                                                                  References for Leviticus 7:28

                                                                                      29 "Tell the Israelites: The one who presents a fellowship sacrifice to the Lord must bring an offering to the Lord from his sacrifice.
                                                                                      30 His own hands will bring the fire offerings to the Lord. He will bring the fat together with the breast. The breast is to be waved as a presentation offering before the Lord.|

                                                                                      References for Leviticus 7:30

                                                                                          31 The priest is to burn the fat on the altar, but the breast belongs to Aaron and his sons.
                                                                                          32 You are to give the right thigh to the priest as a contribution from your fellowship sacrifices.
                                                                                          33 The son of Aaron who presents the blood of the fellowship offering and the fat will have the right thigh as a portion.
                                                                                          34 I have taken from the Israelites the breast of the presentation offering and the thigh of the contribution from their fellowship sacrifices, and have assigned them to Aaron the priest and his sons as a permanent portion} from the Israelites."

                                                                                          References for Leviticus 7:34

                                                                                            • } 7:34 - Or statute
                                                                                              35 This is the portion from the fire offerings to the Lord for Aaron and his sons~ since the day they were presented to serve the Lord as priests.

                                                                                              References for Leviticus 7:35

                                                                                                • ~ 7:35 - Mt 10:10; 1 Co 9:13-14; 1 Tm 5:17-18
                                                                                                  36 The Lord commanded this to be given to them by the Israelites on the day He anointed them. It is a permanent portion throughout their generations.

                                                                                                  References for Leviticus 7:36

                                                                                                    •  7:36 - Or statute
                                                                                                      37 This is the law for the burnt offering, the grain offering, the sin offering, the restitution offering, the ordination offering,€ and the fellowship sacrifice,

                                                                                                      References for Leviticus 7:37

                                                                                                        • € 7:37 - Lv 8:22,28-33; Ex 29:22,26,31-34
                                                                                                          38 which the Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai on the day He commanded the Israelites to present their offerings to the Lord in the Wilderness of Sinai.‚

                                                                                                          References for Leviticus 7:38

                                                                                                            •  7:38 - Or he
                                                                                                            • ‚ 7:38 - Lv 26:46; Ex 31:18; 34:32; Neh 9:13