Luke 20 CSB

The Authority of Jesus Challenged

1 One daya as He was teaching the people in the temple complex and proclaiming the good news, the chief priests and the scribes, with the elders, came up

References for Luke 20:1

    • a 20:1 - Lit It happened on one of the days
      2 and said to Him: "Tell us, by what authority are You doing these things? Who is it who gave You this authority?"
      3 He answered them, "I will also ask you a question. Tell Me,
      4 was the baptism of John from heaven or from men?"
      5 They discussed it among themselves: "If we say, 'From heaven,' He will say, 'Why didn't you believe him?'
      6 But if we say, 'From men,' all the people will stone us, because they are convinced that John was a prophet."
      7 So they answered that they did not know its origin.b

      References for Luke 20:7

        • b 20:7 - Or know where it was from
          8 And Jesus said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things."

          The Parable of the Vineyard Owner

          9 Then He began to tell the people this parable: "A man planted a vineyard, leased it to tenant farmers, and went away for a long time.

          References for Luke 20:9

              10 At harvest time he sent a slave to the farmers so that they might give him some fruit from the vineyard. But the farmers beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
              11 He sent yet another slave, but they beat that one too, treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed.
              12 And he sent yet a third, but they wounded this one too and threw him out.
              13 "Then the owner of the vineyard said, 'What should I do? I will send my beloved son. Perhaps c they will respect him.'

              References for Luke 20:13

                • c 20:13 - Other mss add when they see him
                  14 "But when the tenant farmers saw him, they discussed it among themselves and said, 'This is the heir. Let's kill him, so the inheritance will be ours!'
                  15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. "Therefore, what will the owner of the vineyard do to them?
                  16 He will come and destroy those farmers and give the vineyard to others." But when they heard this they said, "No-never!"
                  17 But He looked at them and said, "Then what is the meaning of this Scripture: d The stone that the builders rejected- this has become the cornerstone ? e f g

                  References for Luke 20:17

                    • d 20:17 - Lit What then is this that is written
                    • e 20:17 - Lit the head of the corner
                    • f 20:17 - 1 Pt 2:7
                    • g 20:17 - Ps 118:22
                      18 Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, and if it falls on anyone, it will grind him to powder!" h

                      References for Luke 20:18

                          19 Then the scribes and the chief priests looked for a way to get their hands on Him that very hour, because they knew He had told this parable against them, but they feared the people.

                          God and Caesar

                          20 Theyi watched closely and sent spies who pretended to be righteous,j so they could catch Him in what He said,k to hand Him over to the governor's rule and authority.

                          References for Luke 20:20

                            • i 20:20 - The scribes and chief priests of v. 19
                            • j 20:20 - Or upright; that is, loyal to God's law
                            • k 20:20 - Lit catch Him in [a] word
                              21 They questioned Him, "Teacher, we know that You speak and teach correctly, and You don't show partiality,l but teach truthfully the way of God.

                              References for Luke 20:21

                                • l 20:21 - Lit You don't receive a face
                                  22 Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"
                                  23 But detecting their craftiness, He said to them,m

                                  References for Luke 20:23

                                    • m 20:23 - Other mss add "Why are you testing Me?
                                      24 "Show Me a denarius. Whose image and inscription does it have?" "Caesar's," they said.
                                      25 "Well then," He told them, "give back to Caesar the things that are Caesar's and to God the things that are God's."
                                      26 They were not able to catch Him in what He saidn in public,o and being amazed at His answer, they became silent.

                                      References for Luke 20:26

                                        • n 20:26 - Lit catch Him in [a] word
                                        • o 20:26 - Lit in front of the people

                                          The Sadducees and the Resurrection

                                          27 Some of the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came up and questioned Him:

                                          References for Luke 20:27

                                              28 "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother has a wife, and dies childless, his brother should take the wife and produce offspring for his brother. p

                                              References for Luke 20:28

                                                  29 Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife and died without children.
                                                  30 Also the secondq

                                                  References for Luke 20:30

                                                    • q 20:30 - Other mss add took her as wife, and he died without children
                                                      31 and the third took her. In the same way, all seven died and left no children.
                                                      32 Finally, the woman died too.
                                                      33 Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife will the woman be? For all seven had married her."r

                                                      References for Luke 20:33

                                                        • r 20:33 - Lit had her as wife
                                                          34 Jesus told them, "The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage.
                                                          35 But those who are counted worthy to take part in that age and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage.
                                                          36 For they cannot die anymore, because they are like angels and are sons of God, since they are sons of the resurrection.
                                                          37 Moses even indicated [in the passage] about the burning bush that the dead are raised, where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. s

                                                          References for Luke 20:37

                                                              38 He is not God of the dead but of the living, because all are living to t Him."

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                                                                  39 Some of the scribes answered, "Teacher, You have spoken well."
                                                                  40 And they no longer dared to ask Him anything.

                                                                  The Question about the Messiah

                                                                  41 Then He said to them, "How can they say that the Messiah is the Son of David?

                                                                  References for Luke 20:41

                                                                      42 For David himself says in the Book of Psalms: The Lord declared to my Lord, 'Sit at My right hand
                                                                      43 until I make Your enemies Your footstool.' u

                                                                      References for Luke 20:43

                                                                          44 David calls Him 'Lord'; how then can the Messiah be his Son?"

                                                                          Warning against the Scribes

                                                                          45 While all the people were listening, He said to His disciples,

                                                                          References for Luke 20:45

                                                                              46 "Beware of the scribes, who want to go around in long robes and who love greetings in the marketplaces, the front seats in the synagogues, and the places of honor at banquets.
                                                                              47 They devour widows' houses and say long prayers just for show. These will receive greater punishment." v

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