Luke 3:1-20 CSB

The Messiah's Herald

1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar,a 14-37 while Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod was tetrarchb of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Itureac and Trachonitis,d and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,e

References for Luke 3:1

    • a 3:1 - Emperor who ruled the Roman Empire a.d.
    • b 3:1 - Or ruler
    • c 3:1 - A small province northeast of Galilee
    • d 3:1 - A small province northeast of Galilee
    • e 3:1 - A small Syrian province
      2 during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, God's word came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness.
      3 He went into all the vicinity of the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentancef for the forgiveness of sins,

      References for Luke 3:3

        • f 3:3 - Or baptism based on repentance
          4 as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah: A voice of one crying out in the wilderness: "Prepare the way for the Lord; make His paths straight!
          5 Every valley will be filled, and every mountain and hill will be made low; g the crooked will become straight, the rough ways smooth,

          References for Luke 3:5

            • g 3:5 - Lit be humbled
              6 and everyone h will see the salvation of God." i

              References for Luke 3:6

                • h 3:6 - Lit all flesh
                • i 3:6 - Isaiah 40:3-5
                  7 He then said to the crowds who came out to be baptized by him, "Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?
                  8 Therefore produce fruit consistent with repentance. And don't start saying to yourselves, 'We have Abraham as our father,' for I tell you that God is able to raise up children for Abraham from these stones!
                  9 Even now the ax is ready to strikej the root of the trees! Therefore every tree that doesn't produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire."

                  References for Luke 3:9

                    • j 3:9 - Lit the ax lies at
                      10 "What then should we do?" the crowds were asking him.
                      11 He replied to them, "The one who has two shirtsk must share with someone who has none, and the one who has food must do the same."

                      References for Luke 3:11

                        • k 3:11 - Lit tunics
                          12 Tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they asked him, "Teacher, what should we do?"
                          13 He told them, "Don't collect any more than what you have been authorized."
                          14 Some soldiers also questioned him: "What should we do?" He said to them, "Don't take money from anyone by force or false accusation; be satisfied with your wages."
                          15 Now the people were waiting expectantly, and all of them were debating in their mindsl whether John might be the Messiah.

                          References for Luke 3:15

                            • l 3:15 - Or hearts
                              16 John answered them all, "I baptize you withm water, but One is coming who is more powerful than I. I am not worthy to untie the strap of His sandals. He will baptize you withn the Holy Spirit and fire.

                              References for Luke 3:16

                                  17 His winnowing shovelo is in His hand to clear His threshing floor and gather the wheat into His barn, but the chaff He will burn up with a fire that never goes out."

                                  References for Luke 3:17

                                    • o 3:17 - A wooden farm implement used to toss threshed grain into the wind so the lighter chaff would blow away and separate from the heavier grain
                                      18 Then, along with many other exhortations, he proclaimed good news to the people.
                                      19 But Herod the tetrarch, being rebuked by him about Herodias, his brother's wife, and about all the evil things Herod had done,
                                      20 added this to everything else-he locked John up in prison.