Commissioning the Twelve

1 Summoning His 12 disciples, He gave them authority over uncleana spirits, to drive them out and to heal everyb disease and sickness.
References for Matthew 10:1
    • a 10:1 - Morally or ceremonially impure
    • b 10:1 - Or every kind of
      2 These are the names of the 12 apostles: First, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
      3 Philip and Bartholomew;c Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;d
      References for Matthew 10:3
        • c 10:3 - Probably the Nathanael of Jn 1:45-51
        • d 10:3 - Other mss read and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus
          4 Simon the Zealot,e and Judas Iscariot,f who also betrayed Him.
          References for Matthew 10:4
            • e 10:4 - Lit the Cananaean
            • f 10:4 - Iscariot probably "a man of Kerioth," a town in Judea.
              5 Jesus sent out these 12 after giving them instructions: "Don't take the road leading to other nations, and don't enter any Samaritan town.
              6 Instead, go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
              7 As you go, announce this: 'The kingdom of heaven has come near.'
              8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse those with skin diseases, drive out demons. You have received free of charge; give free of charge.
              9 Don't take along gold, silver, or copper for your money-belts.
              10 Don't take a traveling bag for the road, or an extra shirt, sandals, or a walking stick, for the worker is worthy of his food.
              11 "When you enter any town or village, find out who is worthy, and stay there until you leave.
              12 Greet a household when you enter it,
              13 and if the household is worthy, let your peace be on it. But if it is unworthy, let your peace return to you.
              14 If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, shake the dust off your feet when you leave that house or town.
              15 I assure you: It will be more tolerable on the day of judgment for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah than for that town.

              Persecutions Predicted

              16 "Look, I'm sending you out like sheep among wolves. Therefore be as shrewd as serpents and as harmless as doves.
              References for Matthew 10:16
                  17 Because people will hand you over to sanhedrins g and flog you in their synagogues, beware of them.
                  References for Matthew 10:17
                    • g 10:17 - Local Jewish courts or local councils
                      18 You will even be brought before governors and kings because of Me, to bear witness to them and to the nations.
                      19 But when they hand you over, don't worry about how or what you should speak. For you will be given what to say at that hour,
                      20 because you are not speaking, but the Spirit of your Father is speaking through you.
                      21 "Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child. Children will even rise up against their parents and have them put to death.
                      22 You will be hated by everyone because of My name. But the one who endures to the end will be delivered. h
                      References for Matthew 10:22
                          23 When they persecute you in one town, escape to another. For I assure you: You will not have covered the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes.
                          24 A disciple i is not above his teacher, or a slave above his master.
                          References for Matthew 10:24
                              25 It is enough for a disciple to become like his teacher and a slave like his master. If they called the head of the house 'Beelzebul,' how much more the members of his household!

                              Fear God

                              26 "Therefore, don't be afraid of them, since there is nothing covered that won't be uncovered, and nothing hidden that won't be made known.
                              References for Matthew 10:26
                                  27 What I tell you in the dark, speak in the light. What you hear in a whisper, j proclaim on the housetops.
                                  References for Matthew 10:27
                                    • j 10:27 - Lit in the ear
                                      28 Don't fear those who kill the body but are not able to kill the soul; rather, fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
                                      29 Aren't two sparrows sold for a penny? k Yet not one of them falls to the ground without your Father's consent. l
                                      References for Matthew 10:29
                                        • k 10:29 - Gk assarion, a small copper coin
                                        • l 10:29 - Lit ground apart from your Father
                                          30 But even the hairs of your head have all been counted.
                                          31 Don't be afraid therefore; you are worth more than many sparrows.

                                          Acknowledging Christ

                                          32 "Therefore, everyone who will acknowledge Me before men, I will also acknowledge him before My Father in heaven.
                                          References for Matthew 10:32
                                              33 But whoever denies Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father in heaven.
                                              34 Don't assume that I came to bring peace on the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.
                                              35 For I came to turn a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law;
                                              36 and a man's enemies will be the members of his household. m
                                              References for Matthew 10:36
                                                  37 The person who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; the person who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me.
                                                  38 And whoever doesn't take up his cross and follow n Me is not worthy of Me.
                                                  References for Matthew 10:38
                                                    • n 10:38 - Lit follow after
                                                      39 Anyone finding o his life will lose it, and anyone losing p his life because of Me will find it.
                                                      References for Matthew 10:39
                                                        • o 10:39 - Or The one who finds
                                                        • p 10:39 - Or and the one who loses

                                                          A Cup of Cold Water

                                                          40 "The one who welcomes you welcomes Me, and the one who welcomes Me welcomes Him who sent Me.
                                                          References for Matthew 10:40
                                                              41 Anyone who q welcomes a prophet because he is a prophet r will receive a prophet's reward. And anyone who s welcomes a righteous person because he's righteous t will receive a righteous person's reward.
                                                              References for Matthew 10:41
                                                                • q 10:41 - Or The one who
                                                                • r 10:41 - Lit prophet in the name of a prophet
                                                                • s 10:41 - Or And the one who
                                                                • t 10:41 - Lit person in the name of a righteous person
                                                                  42 And whoever gives just a cup of cold water to one of these little ones because he is a disciple u -I assure you: He will never lose his reward!"
                                                                  References for Matthew 10:42
                                                                    • u 10:42 - Lit little ones in the name of a disciple