Jesus Handed Over to Pilate

1 When daybreak came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people plotted against Jesus to put Him to death.

References for Matthew 27:1

      2 After tying Him up, they led Him away and handed Him over to Pilate,a the governor.

      References for Matthew 27:2

        • a 27:2 - Other mss read Pontius Pilate

          Judas Hangs Himself

          3 Then Judas, His betrayer, seeing that He had been condemned, was full of remorse and returned the 30 pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders.

          References for Matthew 27:3

              4 "I have sinned by betraying innocent blood," he said. "What's that to us?" they said. "See to it yourself!"
              5 So he threw the silver into the sanctuary and departed. Then he went and hanged himself.
              6 The chief priests took the silver and said, "It's not lawful to put it into the temple treasury,b since it is blood money."c

              References for Matthew 27:6

                • b 27:6 - See Mk 7:11 where the same Gk word used here (Corban) means a gift (pledged to the temple).
                • c 27:6 - Lit the price of blood
                  7 So they conferred together and bought the potter's field with it as a burial place for foreigners.
                  8 Therefore that field has been called "Blood Field" to this day.
                  9 Then what was spoken through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled: They took the 30 pieces of silver, the price of Him whose price was set by the sons of Israel,
                  10 and they gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord directed me. d

                  References for Matthew 27:10

                    • d 27:10 - Jr 32:6-9; Zch 11:12-13

                      Jesus Faces the Governor

                      11 Now Jesus stood before the governor. "Are You the King of the Jews?" the governor asked Him. Jesus answered, "You have said it." e

                      References for Matthew 27:11

                        • e 27:11 - Or That is true, an affirmative oath; Mt 26:64; Mk 15:2
                          12 And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He didn't answer.
                          13 Then Pilate said to Him, "Don't You hear how much they are testifying against You?"
                          14 But He didn't answer him on even one charge, so that the governor was greatly amazed.

                          Jesus or Barabbas

                          15 At the festival the governor's custom was to release to the crowd a prisoner they wanted.

                          References for Matthew 27:15

                              16 At that time they had a notorious prisoner called Barabbas.f

                              References for Matthew 27:16

                                • f 27:16 - Other mss read Jesus Barabbas
                                  17 So when they had gathered together, Pilate said to them, "Who is it you want me to release for you-Barabbas,g or Jesus who is called Messiah?"

                                  References for Matthew 27:17

                                    • g 27:17 - Other mss read Jesus Barabbas
                                      18 For he knew they had handed Him over because of envy.
                                      19 While he was sitting on the judge's bench, his wife sent word to him, "Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for today I've suffered terribly in a dream because of Him!"
                                      20 The chief priests and the elders, however, persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to execute Jesus.
                                      21 The governor asked them, "Which of the two do you want me to release for you?" "Barabbas!" they answered.
                                      22 Pilate asked them, "What should I do then with Jesus, who is called Messiah?" They all answered, "Crucify Him!"h

                                      References for Matthew 27:22

                                        • h 27:22 - Lit "Him-be crucified!"
                                          23 Then he said, "Why? What has He done wrong?" But they kept shouting, "Crucify Him!" all the more.
                                          24 When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere,i but that a riot was starting instead, he took some water, washed his hands in front of the crowd, and said, "I am innocent of this man's blood.j See to it yourselves!"

                                          References for Matthew 27:24

                                            • i 27:24 - Lit that it availed nothing
                                            • j 27:24 - Other mss read this righteous man's blood
                                              25 All the people answered, "His blood be on us and on our children!"
                                              26 Then he released Barabbas to them. But after having Jesus flogged,k he handed Him over to be crucified.

                                              References for Matthew 27:26

                                                • k 27:26 - Roman flogging was done with a whip made of leather strips embedded with pieces of bone or metal that brutally tore the flesh.

                                                  Mocked by the Military

                                                  27 Then the governor's soldiers took Jesus into headquarters and gathered the whole company around Him.

                                                  References for Matthew 27:27

                                                      28 They stripped Him and dressed Him in a scarlet robe.
                                                      29 They twisted together a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and placed a reed in His right hand. And they knelt down before Him and mocked Him: "Hail, King of the Jews!"
                                                      30 Then they spit at Him, took the reed, and kept hitting Him on the head.
                                                      31 When they had mocked Him, they stripped Him of the robe, put His clothes on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him.

                                                      Crucified Between Two Criminals

                                                      32 As they were going out, they found a Cyrenian man named Simon. They forced this man to carry His cross.

                                                      References for Matthew 27:32

                                                          33 When they came to a place called Golgotha (which means Skull Place),
                                                          34 they gave Him winel mixed with gallm to drink. But when He tasted it, He would not drink it.

                                                          References for Matthew 27:34

                                                            • l 27:34 - Other mss read sour wine
                                                            • m 27:34 - Ps 69:21
                                                              35 After crucifying Him they divided His clothes by casting lots.n o

                                                              References for Matthew 27:35

                                                                • n 27:35 - Other mss add that what was spoken by the prophet might be fulfilled: "They divided My clothes among them, and for My clothing they cast lots."
                                                                • o 27:35 - Ps 22:18; Jn 19:24
                                                                  36 Then they sat down and were guarding Him there.
                                                                  37 Above His head they put up the charge against Him in writing: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS
                                                                  38 Then two criminalsp were crucified with Him, one on the right and one on the left.

                                                                  References for Matthew 27:38

                                                                    • p 27:38 - Or revolutionaries
                                                                      39 Those who passed by were yelling insults atq Him, shaking their heads

                                                                      References for Matthew 27:39

                                                                        • q 27:39 - Lit passed by blasphemed or were blaspheming
                                                                          40 and saying, "The One who would demolish the sanctuary and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross!"
                                                                          41 In the same way the chief priests, with the scribes and elders,r mocked Him and said,

                                                                          References for Matthew 27:41

                                                                            • r 27:41 - Other mss add and Pharisees
                                                                              42 "He saved others, but He cannot save Himself! He is the King of Israel! Let Hims come down now from the cross, and we will believe in Him.

                                                                              References for Matthew 27:42

                                                                                • s 27:42 - Other mss read If He . . . Israel, let Him
                                                                                  43 He has put His trust in God; let God rescue Him now-if He wants Him!t For He said, 'I am God's Son.' "

                                                                                  References for Matthew 27:43

                                                                                    • t 27:43 - Or if He takes pleasure in Him; Ps 22:8
                                                                                      44 In the same way even the criminals who were crucified with Him kept taunting Him.

                                                                                      The Death of Jesus

                                                                                      45 From noon until three in the afternoonu darkness came over the whole land.v

                                                                                      References for Matthew 27:45

                                                                                        • u 27:45 - Lit From the sixth hour to the ninth hour
                                                                                        • v 27:45 - Or whole earth
                                                                                          46 At about three in the afternoon Jesus cried out with a loud voice, " Elí, Elí, lemá sabachtháni ?" that is, " My God, My God, why have You forsaken w Me? " x

                                                                                          References for Matthew 27:46

                                                                                              47 When some of those standing there heard this, they said, "He's calling for Elijah!"
                                                                                              48 Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge, filled it with sour wine, fixed it on a reed, and offered Him a drink.
                                                                                              49 But the rest said, "Let's see if Elijah comes to save Him!"
                                                                                              50 Jesus shouted again with a loud voice and gave up His spirit.
                                                                                              51 Suddenly, the curtain of the sanctuaryy was split in two from top to bottom; the earth quaked and the rocks were split.

                                                                                              References for Matthew 27:51

                                                                                                • y 27:51 - A heavy curtain separated the inner room of the temple from the outer.
                                                                                                  52 The tombs also were opened and many bodies of the saints who had gone to their restz were raised.

                                                                                                  References for Matthew 27:52

                                                                                                    • z 27:52 - Lit saints having fallen asleep; that is, they had died
                                                                                                      53 And they came out of the tombs after His resurrection, entered the holy city, and appeared to many.
                                                                                                      54 When the centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that had happened, they were terrified and said, "This man really was God's Son!"{

                                                                                                      References for Matthew 27:54

                                                                                                        • { 27:54 - Or the Son of God
                                                                                                          55 Many women who had followed Jesus from Galilee and ministered to Him were there, looking on from a distance.
                                                                                                          56 Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of Zebedee's sons.

                                                                                                          The Burial of Jesus

                                                                                                          57 When it was evening, a rich man from Arimathea named Joseph came, who himself had also become a disciple of Jesus.

                                                                                                          References for Matthew 27:57

                                                                                                              58 He approached Pilate and asked for Jesus' body. Then Pilate ordered that it| be released.

                                                                                                              References for Matthew 27:58

                                                                                                                • | 27:58 - Other mss read that the body
                                                                                                                  59 So Joseph took the body, wrapped it in clean, fine linen,
                                                                                                                  60 and placed it in his new tomb, which he had cut into the rock. He left after rolling a great stone against the entrance of the tomb.
                                                                                                                  61 Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were seated there, facing the tomb.

                                                                                                                  The Closely Guarded Tomb

                                                                                                                  62 The next day, which followed the preparation day, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate

                                                                                                                  References for Matthew 27:62

                                                                                                                      63 and said, "Sir, we remember that while this deceiver was still alive, He said, 'After three days I will rise again.'
                                                                                                                      64 Therefore give orders that the tomb be made secure until the third day. Otherwise, His disciples may come, steal Him, and tell the people, 'He has been raised from the dead.' Then the last deception will be worse than the first."
                                                                                                                      65 "You have} a guard [of soldiers],"~ Pilate told them. "Go and make it as secure as you know how."

                                                                                                                      References for Matthew 27:65

                                                                                                                        • } 27:65 - Or "Take
                                                                                                                        • ~ 27:65 - It is uncertain whether this guard consisted of temple police or Roman soldiers.
                                                                                                                          66 Then they went and made the tomb secure by sealing the stone and setting the guard.

                                                                                                                          References for Matthew 27:66

                                                                                                                            •  27:66 - Lit stone with the guard