God's Vengeance

2 The Lord is a jealous and avenging God; the Lord takes vengeance and is fierce ina wrath. The Lord takes vengeance against His foes; He is furious with His enemies.b
References for Nahum 1:2
    • b 1:2 - Lit is a master of
    • c 1:2 - Dt 6:15; Jr 46:10; Zph 1:18
      3 The Lord is slow to anger but great in power; the Lord will never leave [the guilty] unpunished. His path is in the whirlwind and storm,c and clouds are the dust beneath His feet.
      References for Nahum 1:3
        • d 1:3 - Ex 34:6-7; Nm 14:18; Isa 29:6
          4 He rebukes the sea so that it dries up, and He makes all the rivers run dry.d Bashan and Carmel wither;e even the flower of Lebanon withers.
          References for Nahum 1:4
            • e 1:4 - 2 Sm 22:16; Ps 106:9; Isa 50:2
            • f 1:4 - Isa 33:9
              5 The mountains quake before Him, and the hills melt; the earth tremblesfg at His presence- the world and all who live in it.h
              References for Nahum 1:5
                • g 1:5 - Some emend to is laid waste
                • h 1:5 - Lit lifts
                • i 1:5 - Ps 18:7; Jr 4:24; Am 8:8
                  6 Who can withstand His indignation? Who can endure His burning anger?i His wrath is poured out like fire, even rocks are shattered before Him.
                  References for Nahum 1:6
                    • j 1:6 - Ps 7:11; 69:24; 78:49

                      Destruction of Nineveh

                      7 The Lord is good, a stronghold in a day of distress; He cares for those who take refuge in Him.j
                      References for Nahum 1:7
                        • k 1:7 - 2 Sm 22:3; Ps 17:7; 34:8
                          8 But He will completely destroy Ninevehk with an overwhelming flood, and He will chase His enemies into darkness.
                          References for Nahum 1:8
                            • l 1:8 - Lit her place
                              9 Whatever youl plot against the Lord, He will bring [it] to complete destruction; oppression will not rise up a second time.
                              References for Nahum 1:9
                                • m 1:9 - Nineveh
                                  10 For they will be consumed like entangled thorns, like a drunkard's drink, and like straw that is fully dry.m
                                  References for Nahum 1:10
                                    • n 1:10 - Hb obscure
                                      11 One has gone out from Nineveh,n who plots evil against the Lord, and is a wicked counselor.
                                      References for Nahum 1:11
                                        • o 1:11 - Lit from you

                                          Promise of Judah's Deliverance

                                          12 This is what the Lord says: Though they are strongo and numerous, they will still be mowed down, and hep will pass away. Though I have afflicted you,q I will afflict you no longer.
                                          References for Nahum 1:12
                                            • p 1:12 - Lit intact
                                            • q 1:12 - either the king of Assyria or his army
                                            • r 1:12 - Judah
                                              13 For I will now break off hisr yoke from you and tear off your shackles.
                                              References for Nahum 1:13
                                                • s 1:13 - Probably the king of Assyria

                                                  The Assyrian King's Demise

                                                  14 The Lord has issued an order concerning you:s There will be no offspring to carry on your name.t I will eliminate the carved idol and cast image from the house of your gods;u I will prepare your grave, for you are contemptible.
                                                  References for Nahum 1:14
                                                    • t 1:14 - Probably the king of Assyria
                                                    • u 1:14 - Lit It will not be sown from your name any longer
                                                    • v 1:14 - Dt 27:15; Jdg 18:14
                                                      15 v Look to the mountains- the feet of one bringing good news and proclaiming peace!w Celebrate your festivals, Judah; fulfill your vows. For the wicked one will never again march through you; he will be entirely wiped out.
                                                      References for Nahum 1:15
                                                        • w 1:15 - Nah 2:1 in Hb
                                                        • x 1:15 - Isa 52:7; 61:1; Rm 10:15