1 The words of Nehemiah son of Hacaliah: During the month of Chislev in the twentieth year,a when I was in the fortress city of Susa,

References for Nehemiah 1:1

    • a 1:1 - The twentieth year of King Artaxerxes of Persia, November-December 446 (or 445) b.c.

      News from Jerusalem

      2 Hanani, one of my brothers, arrived with men from Judah, and I questioned them about Jerusalem and the Jewish remnant that had returned from exile.

      References for Nehemiah 1:2

          3 They said to me, "The survivors in the province,b who returned from the exile, are in great trouble and disgrace. Jerusalem's wall has been broken down, and its gates have been burned down."c

          References for Nehemiah 1:3

            • b 1:3 - Neh 11:3
            • c 1:3 - Neh 2:13

              Nehemiah's Prayer

              4 When I heard these words, I sat down and wept. I mourned for a number of days, fasting and praying before the God of heaven.

              References for Nehemiah 1:4

                  5 I said, Lord God of heaven, the great and awe-inspiring God who keeps His gracious covenant with those who love Him and keep His commands,d

                  References for Nehemiah 1:5

                    • d 1:5 - Dt 7:9
                      6 let Your eyes be open and Your ears be attentive to hear Your servant's prayer that I now pray to You day and night for Your servants, the Israelites. I confess the sinse we have committed against You. Both I and my father's house have sinned.

                      References for Nehemiah 1:6

                        • e 1:6 - Lit sins of the Israelites
                          7 We have acted corruptly toward You and have not kept the commands, statutes, and ordinances You gave Your servant Moses.
                          8 Please remember what You commanded Your servant Moses: "[If] you are unfaithful, I will scatter you among the peoples.f

                          References for Nehemiah 1:8

                            • f 1:8 - Dt 4:25-27; 28:64
                              9 But if you return to Me and carefully observe My commands, even though your exiles were banished to the ends of the earth,g I will gather them from there and bring them to the place where I chose to have My name dwell."h

                              References for Nehemiah 1:9

                                • g 1:9 - Lit skies
                                • h 1:9 - Dt 30:4
                                  10 They are Your servants and Your people. You redeemed [them] by Your great power and strong hand.i

                                  References for Nehemiah 1:10

                                    • i 1:10 - Dt 7:8; 9:26,29
                                      11 Please, Lord, let Your ear be attentive to the prayer of Your servant and to that of Your servants who delight to revere Your name. Give Your servant success today, and have compassion on him in the presence of this man.j [At the time,] I was the king's cupbearer.

                                      References for Nehemiah 1:11