Complaints about Hardship

1 Now the people began complaining openly beforea the Lord about hardship. When the Lord heard, His anger burned, and the fireb from the Lord blazed among them and consumed the outskirts of the camp.

References for Numbers 11:1

    • a 11:1 - Lit in the ears of
    • b 11:1 - 1 Kg 18:38; 19:12; Isa 66:16
      2 Then the people cried out to Moses, and he prayed to the Lord, and the fire died down.
      3 So that place was named Taberah,c d because the Lord's fire had blazed among them.

      References for Numbers 11:3

          Complaints about Food

          4 Contemptible peoplee among themf had a strong cravingg [for other food]. The Israelites cried again and said, "Who will feed us meat?

          References for Numbers 11:4

            • e 11:4 - Or The mixed multitude; Hb obscure
            • f 11:4 - Ex 12:38
            • g 11:4 - Nm 11:34; Ps 78:29-31; 106:14-15; 1 Co 10:5-6
              5 We remember the free fish we ate in Egypt,h along with the cucumbers, melons, leeks, onions, and garlic.

              References for Numbers 11:5

                  6 But now our appetite is gone;i there's nothing to look at but this manna!"

                  References for Numbers 11:6

                    • i 11:6 - Or our lives are wasting away, or our throat is dry
                      7 The mannaj resembled coriander seed, and its appearance was like that of bdellium.k

                      References for Numbers 11:7

                        • j 11:7 - Ex 16:4-35; Dt 8:3,16; Jos 5:12; Neh 9:20; Ps 78:24; Jn 6:48-51; Rv 2:17
                        • k 11:7 - Probably a gum resin of yellowish, transparent color
                          8 The people walked around and gathered [it]. They ground [it] on a pair of grinding stones or crushed [it] in a mortar, then boiled [it] in a cooking pot and shaped it into cakes. It tasted like a pastry cooked with the finest oil.
                          9 When the dew fell on the camp at night, the manna would fall with it.l

                          References for Numbers 11:9

                            • l 11:9 - Ex 16:13-14
                              10 Moses heard the people, family after family, crying at the entrance of their tents. The Lord was very angry;m Moses was also provoked.n

                              References for Numbers 11:10

                                • m 11:10 - Nm 11:1,33; 32:13; Ex 22:24; 32:10-11; Dt 6:15
                                • n 11:10 - Lit and it was evil in the eyes of Moses
                                  11 So Moses asked the Lord, "Why have You brought such trouble on Your servant? Why are You angry with me, and why do You burden me with all these people?o

                                  References for Numbers 11:11

                                    • o 11:11 - Ex 5:22; Dt 1:9-13
                                      12 Did I conceive all these people? Did I give them birth so You should tell me, 'Carry them at your breast, as a nursing woman carries a baby,'p to the land that Youq swore to [give] their fathers?r

                                      References for Numbers 11:12

                                        • p 11:12 - Isa 40:11; 66:11-12
                                        • q 11:12 - One Hb ms, Sam, LXX, Syr, Tg read I
                                        • r 11:12 - Nm 14:16,23; Gn 12:7; 26:3-4; Dt 6:10,23
                                          13 Where can I get meat to give all these people? For they are crying to me: 'Give us meat to eat!'
                                          14 "I can't carry all these people by myself. They are too much for me.
                                          15 If You are going to treat me like this, please kill me right now.s If You are pleased with me,t don't let me see my misery [any more]."

                                          References for Numbers 11:15

                                            • s 11:15 - Ex 32:32; Jb 6:9; 7:15-16
                                            • t 11:15 - Gn 6:8; Ex 33:12-17; Ru 2:2,10,13

                                              Seventy Elders Anointed

                                              16 The Lord answered Moses, "Bring Me 70 men from Israel known to you as elders and officers of the people. Take them to the tent of meeting and have them stand there with you.

                                              References for Numbers 11:16

                                                  17 Then I will come down and speak with you there. I will take some of the Spirit who is on you and put [the Spirit] on them.u They will help you bear the burden of the people, so that you do not have to bear it by yourself.v

                                                  References for Numbers 11:17

                                                    • u 11:17 - 2 Kg 2:9,15
                                                    • v 11:17 - Ex 18:18; Dt 1:9-13; Ac 6:1-6
                                                      18 "Tell the people: Purify yourselves [in readiness] for tomorrow, and you will eat meat because you cried before the Lord: 'Who will feed us meat? We really had it good in Egypt.' The Lord will give you meat and you will eat.
                                                      19 You will eat, not for one day, or two days, or five days, or 10 days, or 20 days,
                                                      20 but for a whole month-until it comes out of your nostrils and becomes nauseating to you-because you have rejected the Lord who is among you, and cried to Him: 'Why did we ever leave Egypt?' "w

                                                      References for Numbers 11:20

                                                          21 But Moses replied, "I'm in the middle of a people with 600,000 foot soldiers,x yet You say, 'I will give them meat, and they will eat for a month.'

                                                          References for Numbers 11:21

                                                            • x 11:21 - Nm 1:45-46; 2:32; 26:51; Ex 12:37
                                                              22 If flocks and herds were slaughtered for them, would they have enough? Or if all the fish in the sea were caught for them, would they have enough?"y

                                                              References for Numbers 11:22

                                                                • y 11:22 - Mt 15:33; Mk 6:37; 8:4
                                                                  23 The Lord answered Moses, "Is the Lord's power limited?z { You will see whether or not what I have promised will happen to you."

                                                                  References for Numbers 11:23

                                                                    • z 11:23 - Lit Lord's arm too short
                                                                    • { 11:23 - Isa 50:2; 59:1
                                                                      24 Moses went out and told the people the words of the Lord. He brought 70 men from the elders of the people and had them stand around the tent.
                                                                      25 Then the Lord descended in the cloud and spoke to him.| He took some of the Spirit that was on Moses and placed [the Spirit] on the 70 elders. As the Spirit rested on them, they prophesied,} but they never did it again.

                                                                      References for Numbers 11:25

                                                                        • | 11:25 - Nm 12:5-8; Ex 19:9; 33:9-10
                                                                        • } 11:25 - 1 Sm 10:6-10; 19:20-24; Isa 63:11; Jl 2:28
                                                                          26 Two men had remained in the camp, one named Eldad and the other Medad; the Spirit rested on them-they were among those listed, but had not gone out to the tent-and they prophesied in the camp.~

                                                                          References for Numbers 11:26

                                                                              27 A young man ran and reported to Moses, "Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the camp."
                                                                              28 Joshua son of Nun, assistant to Moses since his youth, responded, "Moses, my lord, stop them!"

                                                                              References for Numbers 11:28

                                                                                •  11:28 - LXX, some Sam mss read Moses, from his chosen ones
                                                                                  29 But Moses asked him, "Are you jealous on my account?€ If only all the Lord's people were prophets, and the Lord would place His Spirit on them."

                                                                                  References for Numbers 11:29

                                                                                    • € 11:29 - Nm 12:2; 16:3
                                                                                      30 Then Moses returned to the camp along with the elders of Israel.

                                                                                      Quail in the Camp

                                                                                      31 A wind sent by the Lord  came up and blew quail in from the sea; it dropped [them] at the camp all around, three feet‚ offƒ the ground, about a day's journey in every direction.„

                                                                                      References for Numbers 11:31

                                                                                        •  11:31 - Ex 14:21
                                                                                        • ‚ 11:31 - Lit two cubits
                                                                                        • ƒ 11:31 - Or on, or above
                                                                                        • „ 11:31 - Ex 16:12-13; Ps 78:26-28
                                                                                          32 The people were up all that day and night and all the next day gathering the quail-the one who took the least gathered 33 bushels…-and they spread them out all around the camp.†

                                                                                          References for Numbers 11:32

                                                                                            • … 11:32 - Lit 10 homers
                                                                                            • † 11:32 - To dry or cure the meat; 2 Sm 17:19; Ezk 26:5,14
                                                                                              33 While the meat was still between their teeth, before it was chewed, the Lord's anger burned‡ against the people, and the Lord struck them with a very severe plague.ˆ

                                                                                              References for Numbers 11:33

                                                                                                • ‡ 11:33 - Nm 32:13; Ex 22:24; 32:10-11; Dt 6:15
                                                                                                • ˆ 11:33 - Ps 78:29-31; 106:14-15
                                                                                                  34 So they named that place Kibroth-hattaavah,‰ because there they buried the people who had craved [the meat].

                                                                                                  References for Numbers 11:34

                                                                                                    • ‰ 11:34 - Graves of Craving
                                                                                                      35 From Kibroth-hattaavah the people moved on to HazerothŠ and remained there.

                                                                                                      References for Numbers 11:35

                                                                                                        • Š 11:35 - settlements; Nm 12:16; 33:16-17