Numbers 13 CSB

Scouting Out Canaan

1 The Lord spoke to Moses:

References for Numbers 13:1

      2 "Send men to scout out the land of Canaana I am giving to the Israelites. Send one man who is a leader among them from each of their ancestral tribes."

      References for Numbers 13:2

        • a 13:2 - Dt 1:22-26
          3 Moses sent them from the Wilderness of Paran at the Lord's command. All the men were leaders in Israel.b

          References for Numbers 13:3

            • b 13:3 - Ex 18:25-26; Dt 1:13-18
              4 These were their names: Shammua son of Zaccur from the tribe of Reuben;
              5 Shaphat son of Hori from the tribe of Simeon;
              6 Calebc son of Jephunneh from the tribe of Judah;

              References for Numbers 13:6

                • c 13:6 - Nm 14:6,24,30,38; 26:65
                  7 Igal son of Joseph from the tribe of Issachar;
                  8 Hoshea son of Nund from the tribe of Ephraim;

                  References for Numbers 13:8

                    • d 13:8 - Nm 14:30,38; 27:18-23; Ex 33:11
                      9 Palti son of Raphu from the tribe of Benjamin;
                      10 Gaddiel son of Sodi from the tribe of Zebulun;
                      11 Gaddi son of Susi from the tribe of Manasseh (from the tribe of Joseph);
                      12 Ammiel son of Gemalli from the tribe of Dan;
                      13 Sethur son of Michael from the tribe of Asher;
                      14 Nahbi son of Vophsi from the tribe of Naphtali;
                      15 Geuel son of Machi from the tribe of Gad.
                      16 These were the names of the men Moses sent to scout out the land, and Moses renamed Hoshea son of Nun, Joshua.
                      17 When Moses sent them to scout out the land of Canaan, he told them, "Go up this way to the Negev, then go up into the hill country.
                      18 See what the land is like, and whether the people who live there are strong or weak, few or many.
                      19 Is the land they live in goode or bad? Are the cities they live in encampments or fortifications?f

                      References for Numbers 13:19

                        • e 13:19 - Nm 14:7; Dt 1:25
                        • f 13:19 - Dt 1:28; 3:5; 9:1; Jos 14:12
                          20 Is the land fertile or unproductive?g Are there trees in it or not? Be courageous. Bring back some fruit from the land." It was the season for the first ripe grapes.h

                          References for Numbers 13:20

                            • g 13:20 - Neh 9:25,35; Isa 30:23; Ezk 34:14,20
                            • h 13:20 - Nm 13:23
                              21 So they went up and scouted out the land from the Wilderness of Zini as far as Rehobj near the entrance to Hamath.k

                              References for Numbers 13:21

                                • i 13:21 - Southern border of the promised land
                                • j 13:21 - Northern border of the promised land
                                • k 13:21 - Or near Lebo-hamath
                                  22 They went up through the Negev and came to Hebron, where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the descendants of Anak,l were living. Hebron was built seven years before Zoanm in Egypt.

                                  References for Numbers 13:22

                                    • l 13:22 - Nm 13:28,33; Dt 1:28; 2:10-11,21
                                    • m 13:22 - Ps 78:12; Isa 19:11; 30:4; Ezk 30:14
                                      23 When they came to the Valley of Eshcol,n they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes, which was carried on a pole by two men. [They] also [took] some pomegranates and figs.o

                                      References for Numbers 13:23

                                        • n 13:23 - Nm 32:9; Dt 1:24
                                        • o 13:23 - Nm 20:5; Dt 8:8
                                          24 That place was called the Valley of Eshcolp because of the cluster [of grapes] the Israelites cut there.

                                          References for Numbers 13:24

                                              25 At the end of 40 daysq they returned from scouting out the land.

                                              References for Numbers 13:25

                                                • q 13:25 - Nm 14:33-34; 32:13; Ps 95:10

                                                  Report about Canaan

                                                  26 The men went back to Moses, Aaron, and the entire Israelite community in the Wilderness of Paran at Kadesh. They brought back a report for them and the whole community, and they showed them the fruit of the land.r

                                                  References for Numbers 13:26

                                                    • r 13:26 - Nm 32:9; Dt 1:24-25
                                                      27 They reported to Moses: "We went into the land where you sent us. Indeed it is flowing with milk and honey,s and here is some of its fruit.

                                                      References for Numbers 13:27

                                                        • s 13:27 - Nm 14:8; 16:13-14; Ex 3:8; Lv 20:24
                                                          28 However, the people living in the land are strong, and the cities are large and fortified.t We also saw the descendants of Anaku there.

                                                          References for Numbers 13:28

                                                            • t 13:28 - Dt 1:28; 3:5; 9:1; Jos 14:12
                                                            • u 13:28 - Nm 13:33; Dt 1:28; 2:10-11,21
                                                              29 The Amalekitesv are living in the land of the Negev; the Hittites, Jebusites, and Amorites live in the hill country; and the Canaanites live by the sea and along the Jordan."

                                                              References for Numbers 13:29

                                                                • v 13:29 - Nm 14:25,43,45; Ex 17:8-16; Dt 25:17-19
                                                                  30 Then Calebw quieted the people in the presence of Moses and said, "We must go up and take possession of the land because we can certainly conquer it!"

                                                                  References for Numbers 13:30

                                                                    • w 13:30 - Nm 14:6,24,30,38; 26:65
                                                                      31 But the men who had gone up with him responded, "We can't go up against the people because they are stronger than we are!"
                                                                      32 So they gave a negative report to the Israelites about the land they had scouted: "The land we passed through to explore is one that devours its inhabitants, and all the people we saw in it are men of great size.
                                                                      33 We even saw the Nephilimx there." (The offspring of Anak were descended from the Nephilim.y) "To ourselves we seemed like grasshoppers, and we must have seemed the same to them."

                                                                      References for Numbers 13:33

                                                                        • x 13:33 - Possibly means "fallen ones"; traditionally, giants; Gn 6:4
                                                                        • y 13:33 - Dt 2:10-11,20-21