Numbers 21 CSB

Canaanite King Defeated

1 When the Canaanite king of Arad,a who lived in the Negev, heard that Israel was coming on the Atharim road, he fought against Israel and captured some prisoners.

References for Numbers 21:1

      2 Then Israel made a vow to the Lord, "If You will deliver this people into our hands, we will completely destroy their cities."b

      References for Numbers 21:2

        • b 21:2 - Dt 2:34; 13:16-17; Jos 6:18,21
          3 The Lord listened to Israel's request, the Canaanites were defeated, and Israel completely destroyed them and their cities. So they named the place Hormah.c d

          References for Numbers 21:3

            • c 21:3 - destruction
            • d 21:3 - Nm 14:45; Dt 1:44; Jdg 1:17

              The Bronze Serpent

              4 Then they set out from Mount Hor by way of the Red Sea to bypass the land of Edom, but the peoplee became impatient because of the journey.

              References for Numbers 21:4

                • e 21:4 - Lit soul of the people
                  5 The people spoke against God and Moses: "Why have you led us up from Egypt to die in the wilderness? There is no bread or water, and we detest this wretched food!"
                  6 Then the Lord sent poisonousf snakes among the people, and they bit them so that many Israelites died.g

                  References for Numbers 21:6

                    • f 21:6 - Lit burning; LXX reads deadly; Syr reads cruel; Vg reads fiery
                    • g 21:6 - 1 Co 10:9
                      7 The people then came to Moses and said, "We have sinned by speaking against the Lord and against you. Intercede with the Lord so that He will take the snakes away from us." And Moses interceded for the people.
                      8 Then the Lord said to Moses, "Make a snake [image] and mount it on a pole. When anyone who is bitten looks at it, he will recover."h

                      References for Numbers 21:8

                        • h 21:8 - 2 Kg 18:4; Jn 3:14-15
                          9 So Moses made a bronze snake and mounted it on a pole. Whenever someone was bitten, and he looked at the bronze snake, he recovered.

                          Journey around Moab

                          10 The Israelites set out and camped at Oboth.

                          References for Numbers 21:10

                              11 They set out from Oboth and camped at Iye-abarim in the wilderness that borders Moab on the east.
                              12 From there they went and camped at Zered Valley.
                              13 They set out from there and camped on the other side of the Arnon [River], in the wilderness that extends from the Amorite border, because the Arnon was the Moabite border between Moab and the Amorites.
                              14 Therefore it is stated in the Book of the Lord's Wars: Wahebi in Suphah and the ravines of the Arnon,

                              References for Numbers 21:14

                                • i 21:14 - The source of the Arnon River
                                  15 even the slopes of the ravines that extend to the site of Arj and lie along the border of Moab.

                                  References for Numbers 21:15

                                    • j 21:15 - A city in Moab; Nm 21:28; Dt 2:9,18,29; Isa 15:1
                                      16 From there [they went] to Beer,k the well the Lord told Moses about, "Gather the people so I may give them water."

                                      References for Numbers 21:16

                                          17 Then Israel sang this song: Spring up, well-sing to it!
                                          18 The princes dug the well; The nobles of the people hollowed it out with a scepter and with their staffs. [They went] from the wilderness to Mattanah,
                                          19 from Mattanah to Nahaliel, from Nahaliel to Bamoth,
                                          20 from Bamoth to the valley in the territory of Moab near the Pisgah highlandsl that overlook the wasteland.m n

                                          References for Numbers 21:20

                                            • l 21:20 - Moabite mountain plateau; Nm 23:14; Dt 3:17,27; 4:49; 34:1; Jos 12:3; 13:20
                                            • m 21:20 - Or overlook Jeshimon
                                            • n 21:20 - Nm 23:28

                                              Amorite Kings Defeated

                                              21 Israel sent messengers to say to Sihono king of the Amorites:

                                              References for Numbers 21:21

                                                • o 21:21 - Nm 32:33; Dt 1:4; 2:24-4:46
                                                  22 "Let us travel through your land. We won't go into the fields or vineyards. We won't drink [any] well water. We will travel the King's Highway until we have traveled through your territory."p

                                                  References for Numbers 21:22

                                                    • p 21:22 - Nm 20:17; Dt 2:26-33
                                                      23 But Sihon would not let Israel travel through his territory. Instead, he gathered his whole army and went out to confront Israel in the wilderness. When he came to Jahaz,q he fought against Israel.

                                                      References for Numbers 21:23

                                                        • q 21:23 - Dt 2:32; Jdg 11:20; 1 Ch 6:78
                                                          24 Israel struck him with the sword and took possession of his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok,r [but only up] to the Ammonite border, because it was fortified.s

                                                          References for Numbers 21:24

                                                            • r 21:24 - Jdg 11:19-22
                                                            • s 21:24 - Or was at Az; LXX reads was Jazer
                                                              25 Israel took all the cities and lived in all these Amorite cities, including Heshbon and all its villages.
                                                              26 Heshbon was the city of Sihon king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab and had taken control of all his land as far as the Arnon.
                                                              27 Therefore the poetst say: Come to Heshbon, let it be rebuilt; let the city of Sihon be restored.u

                                                              References for Numbers 21:27

                                                                • t 21:27 - Lit ones who speak proverbs
                                                                • u 21:27 - Or firmly founded
                                                                  28 For fire came out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon. It consumed Ar of Moab, the lords ofv Arnon's heights.

                                                                  References for Numbers 21:28

                                                                    • v 21:28 - LXX reads Moab, and swallowed
                                                                      29 Woe to you, Moab! You have been destroyed, people of Chemosh!w He gave up his sons as refugees, and his daughters into captivity to Sihon the Amorite king.

                                                                      References for Numbers 21:29

                                                                        • w 21:29 - Jdg 11:24; 1 Kg 11:7,33; Jr 48:45-47
                                                                          30 We threw them down; Heshbon has been destroyed as far as Dibon.x y We caused desolation as far as Nophah, which reaches as far as Medeba.z {

                                                                          References for Numbers 21:30

                                                                            • x 21:30 - LXX reads Their seed will perish from Heshbon; Vg reads Their yoke has perished from Heshbon
                                                                            • y 21:30 - Nm 32:34; Neh 11:25; Jr 48:18,22
                                                                            • z 21:30 - LXX reads Dibon. And their women have further kindled a fire against Moab; Hb uncertain
                                                                            • { 21:30 - Jos 13:9,16; 1 Ch 19:7; Isa 15:2
                                                                              31 So Israel lived in the Amorites' land.
                                                                              32 After Moses sent spies to Jazer, Israel captured its villages and drove out the Amorites who were there.
                                                                              33 Then they turned and went up the road to Bashan, and Og king of Bashan| came out against them with his whole army to do battle at Edrei.}

                                                                              References for Numbers 21:33

                                                                                • | 21:33 - Nm 32:33; Dt 3:1-13; 4:47
                                                                                • } 21:33 - Dt 3:1,10; Jos 12:4; 13:12,31
                                                                                  34 But the Lord said to Moses, "Do not fear him, for I have handed him over to you along with his whole army and his land. Do to him as you did to Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon."
                                                                                  35 So they struck him, his sons, and his whole army until no one was left,~ and they took possession of his land.

                                                                                  References for Numbers 21:35

                                                                                    • ~ 21:35 - Lit left to him
                                                                                    •  21:35 - Ps 135:10-11