Numbers 4 CSB

Duties of the Kohathites

1 The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron:

References for Numbers 4:1

      2 "Among the Levites, take a census of the Kohathitesa by their clans and their ancestral houses,

      References for Numbers 4:2

        • a 4:2 - Nm 3:27-31; Ex 6:16,18; 1 Ch 6:22-28
          3 men from 30 years old to 50 years old-everyone who is qualifiedb to do work at the tent of meeting.

          References for Numbers 4:3

            • b 4:3 - Lit everyone entering the service
              4 "The service of the Kohathites at the tent of meeting concerns the most holy objects.c

              References for Numbers 4:4

                • c 4:4 - Nm 3:30-31; 4:15-19
                  5 Whenever the camp is about to move on, Aaron and his sons are to go in, take down the screening veil, and cover the ark of the testimony with it.d

                  References for Numbers 4:5

                    • d 4:5 - Ex 25:10-22; 26:31-33
                      6 They are to place over this a covering made of manatee skin,e spread a solid blue cloth on top, and insert its poles.f

                      References for Numbers 4:6

                        • e 4:6 - Or of dolphin skin, or of fine leather; Hb obscure
                        • f 4:6 - Ex 25:13-15
                          7 "They are to spread a blue cloth over the table of the Presence and place the plates and cups on it, as well as the bowls and pitchers for the drink offering. The regular bread [offering] is to be on it.g

                          References for Numbers 4:7

                            • g 4:7 - Ex 25:30; Lv 24:5-9
                              8 They are to spread a scarlet cloth over them, cover them with a covering made of manatee skin,h and insert the poles [in the table].i

                              References for Numbers 4:8

                                • h 4:8 - Or of dolphin skin, or of fine leather; Hb obscure
                                • i 4:8 - Ex 25:26-28
                                  9 "They are to take a blue cloth and cover the lampstandj used for light, with its lamps, snuffers, and firepans,k as well as its jars of oil by which they service it.

                                  References for Numbers 4:9

                                    • j 4:9 - Ex 25:31-35; 26:35; 37:17-20
                                    • k 4:9 - Nm 4:14; Ex 25:38; 37:23
                                      10 Then they must place it with all its utensils inside a covering made of manatee skinl and put [them] on the carrying frame.

                                      References for Numbers 4:10

                                        • l 4:10 - Or of dolphin skin, or of fine leather; Hb obscure
                                          11 "They are to spread a blue cloth over the gold altar,m cover it with a covering made of manatee skin,n and insert its poles.o

                                          References for Numbers 4:11

                                            • m 4:11 - Ex 30:1-3; 31:8; 39:38; 40:5,26
                                            • n 4:11 - Or of dolphin skin, or of fine leather; Hb obscure
                                            • o 4:11 - Ex 30:4; 35:15
                                              12 They are to take all the serving utensils they use in the sanctuary, place [them] in a blue cloth, cover them with a covering made of manatee skin,p and put [them] on a carrying frame.

                                              References for Numbers 4:12

                                                • p 4:12 - Or of dolphin skin, or of fine leather; Hb obscure
                                                  13 "They are to remove the ashes from the [bronze] altar, spread a purple cloth over it,
                                                  14 and place all the equipment on it that they use in serving: the firepans, meatforks, shovels, and basins-all the equipment of the altar.q They are to spread a covering made of manatee skinr over it and insert its poles.s t

                                                  References for Numbers 4:14

                                                    • q 4:14 - Nm 7:13-8:4; Ex 27:3; 38:3
                                                    • r 4:14 - Or of dolphin skin, or of fine leather; Hb obscure
                                                    • s 4:14 - Sam, LXX add They are to take a purple cloth and cover the wash basin and its base. They are to place them in a covering made of manatee skin and put them on the carrying frame.
                                                    • t 4:14 - Ex 27:7
                                                      15 "Aaron and his sons are to finish covering the holy objects and all their equipment whenever the camp is to move on. The Kohathites will come and carry them, but they are not to touch the holy objects or they will die.u These are the transportation duties of the Kohathites regarding the tent of meeting.

                                                      References for Numbers 4:15

                                                        • u 4:15 - Nm 1:51; 4:20; 8:19; 18:7
                                                          16 "Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, has oversight of the lamp oil, the fragrant incense, the daily grain offering, and the anointing oil. [He has] oversight of the entire tabernacle and everything in it, the holy objects and their utensils."v

                                                          References for Numbers 4:16

                                                            • v 4:16 - Or the sanctuary and its furnishings
                                                              17 Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron:
                                                              18 "Do not allow the Kohathite tribal clans to be wiped out from the Levites.
                                                              19 Do this for them so that they may live and not die when they come near the most holy objects:w Aaron and his sons are to go in and assign each man his task and transportation duty.

                                                              References for Numbers 4:19

                                                                • w 4:19 - Nm 3:31; 4:4
                                                                  20 The Kohathites are not to go in and look at the holy objects, even for a moment,x or they will die."

                                                                  References for Numbers 4:20

                                                                    • x 4:20 - Or at the covering of the holy objects

                                                                      Duties of the Gershonites

                                                                      21 The Lord spoke to Moses:

                                                                      References for Numbers 4:21

                                                                          22 "Take a census of the Gershonitesy also, by their ancestral houses and their clans.

                                                                          References for Numbers 4:22

                                                                            • y 4:22 - Nm 3:17,21-26
                                                                              23 Register men from 30 years old to 50 years old, everyone who is qualified to perform service, to do work at the tent of meeting.
                                                                              24 This is the service of the Gershonite clans regarding work and transportation duties:
                                                                              25 They are to transport the tabernacle curtains,z the tent of meeting with its covering and the covering made of manatee skin{ on top of it, the screen for the entrance to the tent of meeting,

                                                                              References for Numbers 4:25

                                                                                • z 4:25 - Ex 26:1-13; 36:8-17
                                                                                • { 4:25 - Or of dolphin skin, or of fine leather; Hb obscure
                                                                                  26 the hangings of the courtyard, the screen for the entrance at the gate of the courtyard that surrounds the tabernacle and the altar, along with their ropes and all the equipment for their service. They will carry out everything that needs to be done with these items.
                                                                                  27 "All the service of the Gershonites, all their transportation duties and all their [other] work, is to be [done] at the command of Aaron and his sons; you are to assign to them all that they are responsible to carry.
                                                                                  28 This is the service of the Gershonite clans at the tent of meeting, and their duties will be under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron the priest.

                                                                                  Duties of the Merarites

                                                                                  29 "As for the Merarites, you are to register them by their clans| and their ancestral houses.

                                                                                  References for Numbers 4:29

                                                                                    • | 4:29 - Nm 3:17,33-37; Ex 6:16,19
                                                                                      30 Register men from 30 years old to 50 years old, everyone who is qualified to do the work of the tent of meeting.
                                                                                      31 This is what they are responsible to carry as the whole of their service at the tent of meeting: the supports of the tabernacle, with its crossbars, posts, and bases,
                                                                                      32 the posts of the surrounding courtyard with their bases, tent pegs, and ropes, including all their equipment and all the work related to them. You are to assign by name the items that they are responsible to carry.
                                                                                      33 This is the service of the Merarite clans regarding all their work at the tent of meeting, under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron the priest."

                                                                                      Census of the Levites

                                                                                      34 So Moses, Aaron, and the leaders of the community registered the Kohathites by their clans and their ancestral houses,

                                                                                      References for Numbers 4:34

                                                                                          35 men from 30 years old to 50 years old, everyone who was qualified for work at the tent of meeting.
                                                                                          36 The men registered by their clans numbered 2,750.
                                                                                          37 These were the registered men of the Kohathite clans, everyone who could serve at the tent of meeting. Moses and Aaron registered them at the Lord's command through Moses.
                                                                                          38 The Gershonites were registered by their clans and their ancestral houses,
                                                                                          39 men from 30 years old to 50 years old, everyone who was qualified for work at the tent of meeting.
                                                                                          40 The men registered by their clans and their ancestral houses numbered 2,630.
                                                                                          41 These were the registered men of the Gershonite clans. At the Lord's command Moses and Aaron registered everyone who could serve at the tent of meeting.
                                                                                          42 The men of the Merarite clans were registered by their clans and their ancestral houses,
                                                                                          43 those from 30 years old to 50 years old, everyone who was qualified for work at the tent of meeting.
                                                                                          44 The men registered by their clans numbered 3,200.
                                                                                          45 These were the registered men of the Merarite clans; Moses and Aaron registered them at the Lord's command through Moses.
                                                                                          46 Moses, Aaron, and the leaders of Israel registered all the Levites by their clans and their ancestral houses,
                                                                                          47 from 30 years old to 50 years old, everyone who was qualified to do the work of serving at the tent of meeting and transporting [it].
                                                                                          48 Their registered men numbered 8,580.
                                                                                          49 At the Lord's command they were registered under the direction of Moses, each one according to his work and transportation duty, and his assignment was as the Lord commanded Moses.