Edom's Certain Judgment

1 This is what the Lord God has said about Edom:a We have heard a message from the Lord; an envoy has been sent among the nations: Rise up, and let us go to war against her.bc

References for Obadiah 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Gn 36; Nm 20:14-21:4; Jr 49:7-22
    • b 1:1 - Edom
    • c 1:1 - Jr 49:14
      2 Look, I will make you insignificant among the nations; you will be deeply despised.d

      References for Obadiah 1:2

        • d 1:2 - Jr 49:15
          3 Your presumptuous heart has deceived you,e you who live in clefts of the rockf in your home on the heights, who say to yourself: Who can bring me down to the ground?

          References for Obadiah 1:3

            • e 1:3 - Jr 49:16
            • f 1:3 - Or in Sela; probably Petra; Jdg 1:36; 2 Kg 14:7; Isa 16:1
              4 Though you seem to soarg like an eagle and make your nest among the stars, even from there I will bring you down.h [This is]* the Lord's declaration.

              References for Obadiah 1:4

                • g 1:4 - Or to build high
                • h 1:4 - Jr 49:16
                • i 1:4 - The bracketed text has been added for clarity
                  5 If thieves came to you, if marauders by night- how ravaged you will be!- wouldn't they steal only what they wanted? If grape pickers came to you, wouldn't they leave some grapes?

                  References for Obadiah 1:5

                    • j 1:5 - Lv 19:10; 25:5,11; Jr 49:9
                      6 How Esau will be pillaged, his hidden treasures searched out!

                      References for Obadiah 1:6

                        • k 1:6 - Mal 1:2-3
                          7 Everyone who has a treaty with you will drive you to the border; everyone at peace with you will deceive and conquer you. Those who eat your bread will seti a trap for you. He will be unaware of it.

                          References for Obadiah 1:7

                            • l 1:7 - Ps 41:9; Jr 20:10; 38:22
                            • m 1:7 - Some LXX mss, Sym, Tg, Vg; MT reads They will set your bread as
                              8 In that day- the Lord's declaration- will I not eliminate the wise ones of Edom and those who understand from the hill country of Esau?
                              9 Teman, your warriors will be terrified so that everyone from the hill country of Esau will be destroyed by slaughter.j

                              References for Obadiah 1:9

                                • n 1:9 - a region or city in Edom
                                • o 1:9 - Jr 49:7,20; Ezk 25:13; Am 1:12

                                  Edom's Sins against Judah

                                  10 You will be covered with shame and destroyed forever because of violence done to your brother Jacob.

                                  References for Obadiah 1:10

                                      11 On the day you stood aloof, on the day strangers captured his wealth, while foreigners entered his gate and cast lots for Jerusalem, you were just like one of them.

                                      References for Obadiah 1:11

                                        • p 1:11 - Or forces
                                          12 Do not gloat over your brother in the day of his calamity; do not rejoice over the people of Judah in the day of their destruction; do not boastfully mockk in the day of distress.l

                                          References for Obadiah 1:12

                                            • q 1:12 - Or You should not have gloated . . . (using the same form You should not have . . . in each of the following 8 commands)
                                            • r 1:12 - Lit not make your mouth big
                                            • s 1:12 - Gn 35:3; Ps 50:15; Jr 16:19
                                              13 Do not enter the gate of My people in the day of their disaster. Yes, you-do not gloat over their misery in the day of their disaster and do not appropriate their possessions in the day of their disaster.
                                              14 Do not stand at the crossroads to cut off their fugitives, and do not hand over their survivors in the day of distress.

                                              References for Obadiah 1:14

                                                • t 1:14 - Hb obscure

                                                  Judgment of the Nations

                                                  15 For the Day of the Lord is near, against all the nations. As you have done, so it will be done to you; what you deserve will return on your own head.m

                                                  References for Obadiah 1:15

                                                    • u 1:15 - Isa 13:6; Jl 3:14; Zph 1:7,14
                                                    • v 1:15 - Jr 50:15
                                                      16 For as you have drunk on My holy mountain, so all the nations will drink continually. They will drink and gulp down and be as though they had never been.

                                                      References for Obadiah 1:16

                                                        • w 1:16 - drink a cup of judgment
                                                          17 But there will be a deliverance on Mount Zion, and it will be holy; the house of Jacob will dispossess those who dispossessed them.no

                                                          References for Obadiah 1:17

                                                            • x 1:17 - Isa 66:20; Jl 2:32
                                                            • y 1:17 - DSS, LXX, Syr, Vg, Tg; MT reads Jacob will possess its inheritance
                                                            • z 1:17 - Ezk 36:2-5
                                                              18 Then the house of Jacob will be a [blazing] fire, and the house of Joseph a [burning] flame, but the house of Esau will be stubble; they will set them on fire and consume them.p Therefore no survivor will remain of the house of Esau, for the Lord has spoken.

                                                              References for Obadiah 1:18

                                                                • { 1:18 - the house of Jacob
                                                                • | 1:18 - Edom

                                                                  Future Blessing for Israel

                                                                  19 [People from] the Negev will possess the hill country of Esau; [those from] the Judean foothills will possess [the land of] the Philistines. Theyq will possess the territories of Ephraim and Samaria, while Benjamin will possess Gilead.

                                                                  References for Obadiah 1:19

                                                                    • } 1:19 - Am 9:11-12
                                                                    • ~ 1:19 - the house of Jacob
                                                                      20 The exiles of the Israelites who are in Halah who are among the Canaanites as far as Zarephathr and the exiles of Jerusalem who are in Sepharad will possess the cities of the Negev.

                                                                      References for Obadiah 1:20

                                                                        •  1:20 - Or of this host of the Israelites; Hb obscure
                                                                        • € 1:20 - 1 Kg 17:9-10; Lk 4:26
                                                                          21 Saviors will ascend Mount Zion to rule over the hill country of Esau, but the kingdom will be the Lord's.

                                                                          References for Obadiah 1:21

                                                                            •  1:21 - Or Those who have been delivered