1 Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy, our brother: To Philemon, our dear friend and co-worker,

References for Philemon 1:1

      2 to Apphia our sister,a to Archippus our fellow soldier, and to the church that meets in your house.

      References for Philemon 1:2

        • a 1:2 - Other mss read our beloved
          3 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

          Philemon's Love and Faith

          4 I always thank my God when I mention you in my prayers,

          References for Philemon 1:4

              5 because I hear of your love and faith towardb the Lord Jesus and for all the saints.

              References for Philemon 1:5

                • b 1:5 - Lit faith that you have toward
                  6 [I pray] that your participation in the faith may become effective through knowing every good thing that is in usc for [the glory of] Christ.

                  References for Philemon 1:6

                    • c 1:6 - Other mss read in you
                      7 For I have great joy and encouragement from your love, because the hearts of the saints have been refreshed through you, brother.

                      An Appeal for Onesimus

                      8 For this reason, although I have great boldness in Christ to command you to do what is right,

                      References for Philemon 1:8

                          9 I appeal, instead, on the basis of love. I, Paul, as an elderly mand and now also as a prisoner of Christ Jesus,

                          References for Philemon 1:9

                            • d 1:9 - Or an ambassador
                              10 appeal to you for my child, whom I fatherede while in chains-Onesimus.f

                              References for Philemon 1:10

                                • e 1:10 - Referring to the fact that Paul led him to Christ; see 1 Co 4:15
                                • f 1:10 - The name Onesimus in Gk means "useful."
                                  11 Once he was useless to you, but now he is useful to both you and me.
                                  12 I am sending him-a part of myselfg-back to you.h

                                  References for Philemon 1:12

                                    • g 1:12 - Lit him-that is, my inward parts
                                    • h 1:12 - Other mss read him back. Receive him as a part of myself.
                                      13 I wanted to keep him with me, so that in my imprisonment for the gospel he might serve me in your place.
                                      14 But I didn't want to do anything without your consent, so that your good deed might not be out of obligation, but of your own free will.
                                      15 For perhaps this is why he was separated [from you] for a brief time, so that you might get him back permanently,
                                      16 no longer as a slave, but more than a slave-as a dearly loved brother. This is especially so to me, but even more to you, both in the flesh and in the Lord.i

                                      References for Philemon 1:16

                                        • i 1:16 - Both physically and spiritually
                                          17 So if you consider me a partner, accept him as you would me.
                                          18 And if he has wronged you in any way, or owes you anything, charge that to my account.
                                          19 I, Paul, write this with my own hand: I will repay it-not to mention to you that you owe me even your own self.
                                          20 Yes, brother, may I have joy from you in the Lord; refresh my heart in Christ.
                                          21 Since I am confident of your obedience, I am writing to you, knowing that you will do even more than I say.
                                          22 But meanwhile, also prepare a guest room for me, for I hope that through your prayers I will be restored to you.

                                          Final Greetings

                                          23 Epaphras, my fellow prisoner in Christ Jesus, greets you, and so do

                                          References for Philemon 1:23

                                              24 Mark, Aristarchus, Demas, and Luke, my co-workers.
                                              25 The grace of the Lord j Jesus Christ be with your spirit.

                                              References for Philemon 1:25

                                                • j 1:25 - Other mss read our Lord