Psalm 78 CSB

Lessons from Israel's Past

A Maskil of Asaph.

1 My people, hear my instruction; listen to what I say.a

References for Psalms 78:1

    • b 78:1 - Pr 5:7; 7:24; Isa 55:3
      2 I will declare wise sayings; I will speak mysteries from the pastb-

      References for Psalms 78:2

          3 things we have heard and known and that our fathers have passed down to us.
          4 We must not hide them from their children, but must tell a future generation the praises of the Lord, His might, and the wonderful works He has performed.c

          References for Psalms 78:4

            • d 78:4 - Ps 44:1; Ex 13:14; Jos 4:21-22
              5 He established a testimony in Jacob and set up a law in Israel, which He commanded our fathers to teach to their children
              6 so that a future generation- children yet to be born-might know. They were to rise and tell their children
              7 so that they might put their confidence in God and not forget God's works, but keep His commandments.d

              References for Psalms 78:7

                • e 78:7 - Ps 103:2; 106:13; Pr 3:1
                  8 Then they would not be like their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation whose heart was not loyal and whose spirit was not faithful to God.e

                  References for Psalms 78:8

                    • f 78:8 - Ps 78:37; 2 Ch 12:14
                      9 The Ephraimite archers turned back on the day of battle.
                      10 They did not keep God's covenant and refused to live by His law.f

                      References for Psalms 78:10

                        • g 78:10 - 1 Kg 11:11; 2 Kg 17:15; Jr 32:23
                          11 They forgot what He had done, the wonderful works He had shown them.
                          12 He worked wonders in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, the region of Zoan.g

                          References for Psalms 78:12

                            • h 78:12 - Ps 78:43; Ex 6-15
                              13 He split the sea and brought them across; the water stood firm like a wall.h

                              References for Psalms 78:13

                                • i 78:13 - Ex 14:21; 15:8
                                  14 He led them with a cloud by day and with a fiery light throughout the night.i

                                  References for Psalms 78:14

                                    • j 78:14 - Ex 13:21; Nm 14:14
                                      15 He split rocks in the wilderness and gave them drink as abundant as the depths.j

                                      References for Psalms 78:15

                                        • k 78:15 - Ex 17:6; Nm 20:8-13; Isa 48:21
                                          16 He brought streams out of the stone and made water flow down like rivers.
                                          17 But they continued to sin against Him, rebelling in the desert against the Most High.k

                                          References for Psalms 78:17

                                              18 They deliberatelyl tested God, demanding the food they craved.m

                                              References for Psalms 78:18

                                                • m 78:18 - Lit in their heart
                                                • n 78:18 - Ex 17:2,7; Nm 14:22; 1 Co 10:5-10
                                                  19 They spoke against God, saying, "Is God able to provide food in the wilderness?
                                                  20 Look! He struck the rock and water gushed out; torrents overflowed. But can He also provide bread or furnish meat for His people?"n

                                                  References for Psalms 78:20

                                                    • o 78:20 - Ex 16:3-36; Nm 11:4-34
                                                      21 Therefore, the Lord heard and became furious; then fire broke out against Jacob, and anger flared up against Israel
                                                      22 because they did not believe Godo or rely on His salvation.

                                                      References for Psalms 78:22

                                                          23 He gave a command to the clouds above and opened the doors of heaven.
                                                          24 He rained manna for them to eat; He gave them grain from heaven.
                                                          25 Peoplep ate the bread of angels.q He sent them an abundant supply of food.r

                                                          References for Psalms 78:25

                                                            • q 78:25 - Lit Man
                                                            • r 78:25 - Lit mighty ones
                                                            • s 78:25 - Ex 16:3-36; Jn 6:31
                                                              26 He made the east wind blow in the skies and drove the south wind by His might.
                                                              27 He rained meat on them like dust, and winged birds like the sand of the seas.
                                                              28 He made [them] fall in His camp, all around His tent.s t

                                                              References for Psalms 78:28

                                                                • t 78:28 - LXX, Syr read in their camp . . . their tents
                                                                • u 78:28 - Or in its camp, all around its tents
                                                                  29 They ate and were completely satisfied, for He gave them what they craved.
                                                                  30 Before they had satisfied their desire, while the food was still in their mouths,
                                                                  31 God's anger flared up against them, and He killed some of their best men. He struck down Israel's choice young men.u

                                                                  References for Psalms 78:31

                                                                      32 Despite all this, they kept sinning and did not believe His wonderful works.
                                                                      33 He made their days end in futility, their years in sudden disaster.
                                                                      34 When He killed [some of] them, [the rest] began to seek Him; they repented and searched for God.
                                                                      35 They remembered that God was their rock, the Most High God,v their Redeemer.w

                                                                      References for Psalms 78:35

                                                                        • w 78:35 - Gn 14:18-20
                                                                        • x 78:35 - Ps 19:14; Dt 32:4,15; Isa 44:6,8
                                                                          36 But they deceived Him with their mouths, they lied to Him with their tongues,
                                                                          37 their hearts were insincere toward Him, and they were unfaithful to His covenant.x

                                                                          References for Psalms 78:37

                                                                              38 Yet He was compassionate; He atoned fory [their] guiltz and did not destroy [them].{ He often turned His anger aside and did not unleash| all His wrath.}

                                                                              References for Psalms 78:38

                                                                                • z 78:38 - Or He wiped out, or He forgave
                                                                                • { 78:38 - Pr 16:6; Isa 27:9; Dn 9:24
                                                                                • | 78:38 - Dt 4:31; 2 Ch 7:14
                                                                                • } 78:38 - Or stir up
                                                                                • ~ 78:38 - Isa 12:1
                                                                                  39 He remembered that they were [only] flesh,~ a wind that passes and does not return.

                                                                                  References for Psalms 78:39

                                                                                      40 How often they rebelled against Him in the wilderness and grieved Him in the desert.

                                                                                      References for Psalms 78:40

                                                                                        • € 78:40 - Nm 27:14; Dt 9:7,23-24; 31:27
                                                                                          41 They constantly tested God and provoked the Holy One of Israel.
                                                                                          42 They did not remember His power [shown] on the day He redeemed them from the foe,
                                                                                          43 when He performed His miraculous signs in Egypt and His marvels in the region of Zoan.€

                                                                                          References for Psalms 78:43

                                                                                            •  78:43 - Dt 7:8; 15:15; Neh 1:10; Mc 6:4
                                                                                              44 He turned their rivers into blood, and they could not drink from their streams.

                                                                                              References for Psalms 78:44

                                                                                                  45 He sent among them swarms of flies,‚ which fed on them, and frogs, which devastated them.ƒ

                                                                                                  References for Psalms 78:45

                                                                                                    • ƒ 78:45 - Ps 105:31; Ex 8:17
                                                                                                    • „ 78:45 - Ps 105:30; Ex 8:3-6
                                                                                                      46 He gave their crops to the caterpillar and the fruit of their labor to the locust.„

                                                                                                      References for Psalms 78:46

                                                                                                        • … 78:46 - Ps 105:34; Ex 10:14-15
                                                                                                          47 He killed their vines with hail and their sycamore-fig trees with a flood.
                                                                                                          48 He handed over their livestock to hail and their cattle to lightning bolts.…

                                                                                                          References for Psalms 78:48

                                                                                                            • † 78:48 - Ps 105:32; Ex 9:22-26
                                                                                                              49 He sent His burning anger against them: fury, indignation, and calamity- a band of deadly messengers.†

                                                                                                              References for Psalms 78:49

                                                                                                                  50 He cleared a path for His anger. He did not spare them from death, but delivered their lives to the plague.
                                                                                                                  51 He struck all the firstborn in Egypt, the first progeny of the tents of Ham.‡ ˆ

                                                                                                                  References for Psalms 78:51

                                                                                                                    • ˆ 78:51 - Ham's descendants who settled in Egypt; Ps 105:23,27
                                                                                                                    • ‰ 78:51 - Ps 105:36; Ex 12:29; 13:15
                                                                                                                      52 He led His people out like sheep and guided them like a flock in the wilderness.
                                                                                                                      53 He led them safely, and they were not afraid; but the sea covered their enemies.‰

                                                                                                                      References for Psalms 78:53

                                                                                                                        • Š 78:53 - Ex 14; 15:19; Jos 24:7
                                                                                                                          54 He brought them to His holy land, to the mountain His right hand acquired.Š

                                                                                                                          References for Psalms 78:54

                                                                                                                            • ‹ 78:54 - Ps 74:2; Ex 15:17
                                                                                                                              55 He drove out nations before them.‹ He apportioned their inheritance by lot and settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.Œ

                                                                                                                              References for Psalms 78:55

                                                                                                                                  56 But they rebelliously tested the Most High God, for they did not keep His decrees.
                                                                                                                                  57 They treacherously turned away like their fathers; they became warped like a faulty bow.
                                                                                                                                  58 They enraged Him with their high places and provoked His jealousy with their carved images.
                                                                                                                                  59 God heard and became furious; He completely rejected Israel.
                                                                                                                                  60 He abandoned the tabernacle at Shiloh, the tent where He resided among men.

                                                                                                                                  References for Psalms 78:60

                                                                                                                                      61 He gave up His strengthŽ to captivity and His splendor to the hand of a foe.

                                                                                                                                      References for Psalms 78:61

                                                                                                                                        •  78:61 - See Ps 132:8 where the ark of the covenant is the ark of His strength.
                                                                                                                                        •  78:61 - 1 Sm 4
                                                                                                                                          62 He surrendered His people to the sword because He was enraged with His heritage.
                                                                                                                                          63 Fire consumed His chosen young men, and His young women had no wedding songs.

                                                                                                                                          References for Psalms 78:63

                                                                                                                                            • ‘ 78:63 - Lit virgins were not praised
                                                                                                                                              64 His priests fell by the sword, but the‘ widows could not lament.’

                                                                                                                                              References for Psalms 78:64

                                                                                                                                                • ’ 78:64 - Lit His
                                                                                                                                                • “ 78:64 - War probably prevented customary funerals.
                                                                                                                                                  65 Then the Lord awoke as if from sleep,“ like a warrior” from the effects of wine.

                                                                                                                                                  References for Psalms 78:65

                                                                                                                                                    • ” 78:65 - Ps 35:23; 59:5; 121:4
                                                                                                                                                    • • 78:65 - Isa 42:13; 51:9
                                                                                                                                                      66 He beat back His foes; He gave them lasting shame.
                                                                                                                                                      67 He rejected the tent of Joseph and did not choose the tribe of Ephraim.
                                                                                                                                                      68 He chose instead the tribe of Judah, Mount Zion, which He loved.
                                                                                                                                                      69 He built His sanctuary like the heights,• like the earth that He established forever.

                                                                                                                                                      References for Psalms 78:69

                                                                                                                                                        • – 78:69 - Either the heights of heaven or the mountain heights
                                                                                                                                                          70 He chose David His servant and took him from the sheepfolds;
                                                                                                                                                          71 He brought him from tending ewes to be shepherd over His people Jacob- over Israel, His inheritance.
                                                                                                                                                          72 He shepherded them– with a pure heart and guided them with his skillful hands.

                                                                                                                                                          References for Psalms 78:72

                                                                                                                                                            • — 78:72 - 2 Sm 6:21; 7:8; 1 Kg 8:16