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God's Good News for Rome

1 Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus, called as an apostlea and singled out for God's good news-

References for Romans 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Or Jesus, a called apostle
      2 which He promised long ago through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures-
      3 concerning His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was a descendant of Davidb according to the flesh

      References for Romans 1:3

        • b 1:3 - Lit was of the seed of David
          4 and was established as the powerful Son of God by the resurrection from the dead according to the Spirit of holiness.c

          References for Romans 1:4

            • c 1:4 - Or the spirit of holiness, or the Holy Spirit
              5 We have received grace and apostleship through Him to bring aboutd the obedience of faithe among all the nations,f on behalf of His name,

              References for Romans 1:5

                • d 1:5 - Lit Him into, or Him for
                • e 1:5 - Or the obedience that is faith, or the faithful obedience, or the obedience that comes from faith
                • f 1:5 - Or Gentiles
                  6 including yourselves who are also Jesus Christ's by calling:
                  7 To all who are in Rome, loved by God, called as saints. Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

                  The Apostle's Desire to Visit Rome

                  8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you because the news of your faithg is being reported in all the world.

                  References for Romans 1:8

                    • g 1:8 - Or because your faith
                      9 For God, whom I serve with my spirit in [telling] the good news about His Son, is my witness that I constantly mention you,
                      10 always asking in my prayers that if it is somehow in God's will, I may now at last succeed in coming to you.
                      11 For I want very much to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to strengthen you,
                      12 that is, to be mutually encouraged by each other's faith, both yours and mine.
                      13 Now I want you to know,h brothers, that I often planned to come to you (but was prevented until now) in order that I might have a fruitful ministryi among you, just as among the rest of the Gentiles.

                      References for Romans 1:13

                        • h 1:13 - Lit I don't want you to be unaware
                        • i 1:13 - Lit have some fruit
                          14 I am obligated both to Greeks and barbarians,j both to the wise and the foolish.

                          References for Romans 1:14

                            • j 1:14 - Or non-Greeks
                              15 So I am eager to preach the good news to you also who are in Rome.

                              The Righteous Will Live by Faith

                              16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel,k because it is God's power for salvation to everyone who believes, first to the Jew, and also to the Greek.

                              References for Romans 1:16

                                • k 1:16 - Other mss add of Christ
                                  17 For in it God's righteousness is revealed from faith to faith,l just as it is written: The righteous will live by faith. m n

                                  References for Romans 1:17

                                    • l 1:17 - Or revealed out of faith into faith
                                    • m 1:17 - Or The one who is righteous by faith will live
                                    • n 1:17 - Hab 2:4

                                      The Guilt of the Gentile World

                                      18 For God's wrath is revealed from heaven against all godlessness and unrighteousness of people who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth,

                                      References for Romans 1:18

                                          19 since what can be knowno about God is evident among them, because God has shown it to them.

                                          References for Romans 1:19

                                            • o 1:19 - Or what is known
                                              20 From the creation of the world His invisible attributes, that is, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what He has made. As a result, peoplep are without excuse.

                                              References for Romans 1:20

                                                  21 For though they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God or show gratitude. Instead, their thinking became nonsense, and their senseless mindsq were darkened.

                                                  References for Romans 1:21

                                                    • q 1:21 - Lit hearts
                                                      22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools
                                                      23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man, birds, four-footed animals, and reptiles.r

                                                      References for Romans 1:23

                                                        • r 1:23 - Ps 106:20; Jr 2:11
                                                          24 Therefore God delivered them over in the cravings of their hearts to sexual impurity, so that their bodies were degraded among themselves.
                                                          25 They exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served something created instead of the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.

                                                          From Idolatry to Depravity

                                                          26 This is why God delivered them over to degrading passions. For even their females exchanged natural sexual intercourses for what is unnatural.

                                                          References for Romans 1:26

                                                            • s 1:26 - Lit natural use
                                                              27 The males in the same way also left natural sexual intercourset with females and were inflamed in their lust for one another. Males committed shameless acts with males and received in their own personsu the appropriate penalty for their perversion.v

                                                              References for Romans 1:27

                                                                • t 1:27 - Lit natural use
                                                                • u 1:27 - Or in themselves
                                                                • v 1:27 - Or error
                                                                  28 And because they did not think it worthwhile to have God in their knowledge, God delivered them over to a worthless mind to do what is morally wrong.
                                                                  29 They are filled with all unrighteousness,w evil, greed, and wickedness. They are full of envy, murder, disputes, deceit, and malice. They are gossips,

                                                                  References for Romans 1:29

                                                                    • w 1:29 - Other mss add sexual immorality
                                                                      30 slanderers, God-haters, arrogant, proud, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents,
                                                                      31 undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving,x and unmerciful.

                                                                      References for Romans 1:31

                                                                        • x 1:31 - Other mss add unforgiving
                                                                          32 Although they know full well God's just sentence-that those who practice such things deserve to diey-they not only do them, but even applaudz others who practice them.

                                                                          References for Romans 1:32

                                                                            • y 1:32 - Lit things are worthy of death
                                                                            • z 1:32 - Lit even take pleasure in