Romans 16 CSB

Paul's Commendation of Phoebe

1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servanta of the church in Cenchreae.

References for Romans 16:1

    • a 16:1 - Others interpret this term in a technical sense: deacon, or deaconess, or minister
      2 So you should welcome her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever matter she may require your help. For indeed she has been a benefactor of many-and of me also.

      Greeting to Roman Christians

      3 Give my greetings to Priscab and Aquila, my co-workers in Christ Jesus,

      References for Romans 16:3

        • b 16:3 - Traditionally, Priscilla, as in Ac 18:2,18,26
          4 who risked their own necks for my life. Not only do I thank them, but so do all the Gentile churches.
          5 Greet also the church that meets in their home. Greet my dear friend Epaenetus, who is the first convertc to Christ from Asia.d

          References for Romans 16:5

            • c 16:5 - Lit the firstfruits
            • d 16:5 - Other mss read Achaia
              6 Greet Mary,e who has worked very hard for you.f

              References for Romans 16:6

                • e 16:6 - Or Maria
                • f 16:6 - Other mss read us
                  7 Greet Andronicus and Junia,g my fellow countrymen and fellow prisoners. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were also in Christ before me.

                  References for Romans 16:7

                    • g 16:7 - Either a feminine name or Junias, a masculine name
                      8 Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord.
                      9 Greet Urbanus, our co-worker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys.
                      10 Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ. Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus.
                      11 Greet Herodion, my fellow countryman. Greet those who belong to the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord.
                      12 Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who have worked hard in the Lord. Greet my dear friend Persis, who has worked very hard in the Lord.
                      13 Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord; also his mother-and mine.
                      14 Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers who are with them.
                      15 Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them.
                      16 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ send you greetings.

                      Warning against Divisive People

                      17 Now I implore you, brothers, watch out for those who cause dissensions and pitfalls contrary to the doctrine you have learned. Avoid them;

                      References for Romans 16:17

                          18 for such people do not serve our Lord Christ but their own appetites,h and by smooth talk and flattering words they deceive the hearts of the unsuspecting.

                          References for Romans 16:18

                              Paul's Gracious Conclusion

                              19 The report of your obedience has reached everyone. Therefore I rejoice over you. But I want you to be wise about what is good, yet innocent about what is evil.

                              References for Romans 16:19

                                  20 The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you.
                                  21 Timothy, my co-worker, and Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater, my fellow countrymen, greet you.
                                  22 I Tertius, who penned this epistle in the Lord, greet you.
                                  23 Gaius, who is host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the city treasurer, and our brother Quartus greet you.
                                  24 [The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.]i

                                  References for Romans 16:24

                                    • i 16:24 - Other mss omit bracketed text; see v. 20

                                      Glory to God

                                      25 Now to Him who has power to strengthen you according to my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the sacred secret kept silent for long ages,

                                      References for Romans 16:25

                                          26 but now revealed and made known through the prophetic Scriptures, according to the command of the eternal God, to advance the obedience of faith among all nations-
                                          27 to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ-to Him be the glory forever!j Amen.

                                          References for Romans 16:27

                                            • j 16:27 - Other mss have these vv. at the end of chap 14 or 15.