Abraham Justified by Faith

1 What then can we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found?

References for Romans 4:1

      2 If Abraham was justifieda by works, then he has something to brag about-but not before God.b

      References for Romans 4:2

        • a 4:2 - Or was declared righteous, or was acquitted
        • b 4:2 - He has no reason for boasting in God's presence
          3 For what does the Scripture say? Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him for righteousness. c

          References for Romans 4:3

            • c 4:3 - Gn 15:6
              4 Now to the one who works, pay is not considered as a gift, but as something owed.
              5 But to the one who does not work, but believes on Him who declares righteousd the ungodly, his faith is credited for righteousness.

              References for Romans 4:5

                • d 4:5 - Or who acquits, or who justifies

                  David Celebrating the Same Truth

                  6 Likewise, David also speaks of the blessing of the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:

                  References for Romans 4:6

                      7 How happy those whose lawless acts are forgiven and whose sins are covered!
                      8 How happy the man whom the Lord will never charge with sin! e

                      References for Romans 4:8

                        • e 4:8 - Ps 32:1-2

                          Abraham Justified before Circumcision

                          9 Is this blessing only for the circumcised, then? Or is it also for the uncircumcised? For we say, Faith was credited to Abraham for righteousness. f

                          References for Romans 4:9

                            • f 4:9 - Gn 15:6
                              10 How then was it credited-while he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while he was circumcised, but uncircumcised.
                              11 And he received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faithg while still uncircumcised. This was to make him the father of all who believe but are not circumcised, so that righteousness may be credited to them also.

                              References for Romans 4:11

                                • g 4:11 - Lit righteousness of faith
                                  12 And he became the father of the circumcised, not only to those who are circumcised, but also to those who follow in the footsteps of the faith our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised.

                                  The Promise Granted through Faith

                                  13 For the promise to Abraham or to his descendants that he would inherit the world was not through the law, but through the righteousness that comes by faith.h

                                  References for Romans 4:13

                                    • h 4:13 - Lit righteousness of faith
                                      14 If those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made empty and the promise is canceled.
                                      15 For the law produces wrath; but where there is no law, there is no transgression.
                                      16 This is why the promise is by faith, so that it may be according to grace, to guarantee it to all the descendants-not only to those who are of the law,i but also to those who are of Abraham's faith. He is the father of us all

                                      References for Romans 4:16

                                        • i 4:16 - Or not to those who are of the law only
                                          17 in God's sight. As it is written: I have made you the father of many nations. j He believed in God, who gives life to the dead and calls things into existence that do not exist.

                                          References for Romans 4:17

                                              18 Against hope, with hope he believed, so that he became the father of many nations, k according to what had been spoken: So will your descendants be. l

                                              References for Romans 4:18

                                                  19 He consideredm his own body to be already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah's womb, without weakening in the faith.

                                                  References for Romans 4:19

                                                    • m 4:19 - Other mss read He did not consider
                                                      20 He did not waver in unbelief at God's promise, but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God,
                                                      21 because he was fully convinced that what He had promised He was also able to perform.
                                                      22 Therefore, it was credited to him for righteousness. n

                                                      References for Romans 4:22

                                                          23 Now it was credited to him was not written for Abraham alone,
                                                          24 but also for us. It will be credited to us who believe in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead.
                                                          25 He was delivered up foro our trespasses and raised forp our justification.q

                                                          References for Romans 4:25

                                                            • o 4:25 - Or because of
                                                            • p 4:25 - Or because of
                                                            • q 4:25 - Or acquittal