Romans 1:18-32 CSB

The Guilt of the Gentile World

18 For God's wrath is revealed from heaven against all godlessness and unrighteousness of people who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth,

References for Romans 1:18

      19 since what can be knowna about God is evident among them, because God has shown it to them.

      References for Romans 1:19

        • o 1:19 - Or what is known
          20 From the creation of the world His invisible attributes, that is, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what He has made. As a result, peopleb are without excuse.

          References for Romans 1:20

              21 For though they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God or show gratitude. Instead, their thinking became nonsense, and their senseless mindsc were darkened.

              References for Romans 1:21

                • q 1:21 - Lit hearts
                  22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools
                  23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man, birds, four-footed animals, and reptiles.d

                  References for Romans 1:23

                    • r 1:23 - Ps 106:20; Jr 2:11
                      24 Therefore God delivered them over in the cravings of their hearts to sexual impurity, so that their bodies were degraded among themselves.
                      25 They exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served something created instead of the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.

                      From Idolatry to Depravity

                      26 This is why God delivered them over to degrading passions. For even their females exchanged natural sexual intercoursee for what is unnatural.

                      References for Romans 1:26

                        • s 1:26 - Lit natural use
                          27 The males in the same way also left natural sexual intercoursef with females and were inflamed in their lust for one another. Males committed shameless acts with males and received in their own personsg the appropriate penalty for their perversion.h

                          References for Romans 1:27

                            • t 1:27 - Lit natural use
                            • u 1:27 - Or in themselves
                            • v 1:27 - Or error
                              28 And because they did not think it worthwhile to have God in their knowledge, God delivered them over to a worthless mind to do what is morally wrong.
                              29 They are filled with all unrighteousness,i evil, greed, and wickedness. They are full of envy, murder, disputes, deceit, and malice. They are gossips,

                              References for Romans 1:29

                                • w 1:29 - Other mss add sexual immorality
                                  30 slanderers, God-haters, arrogant, proud, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents,
                                  31 undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving,j and unmerciful.

                                  References for Romans 1:31

                                    • x 1:31 - Other mss add unforgiving
                                      32 Although they know full well God's just sentence-that those who practice such things deserve to diek-they not only do them, but even applaudl others who practice them.

                                      References for Romans 1:32

                                        • y 1:32 - Lit things are worthy of death
                                        • z 1:32 - Lit even take pleasure in