"He will be succeeded by a contemptible1 person who has not been given the honor of royalty.2 He will invade the kingdom when its people feel secure, and he will seize it through intrigue.
Then an overwhelming army will be swept away3 before him; both it and a prince of the covenant will be destroyed.423
After coming to an agreement with him, he will act deceitfully,5 and with only a few people he will rise to power.
When the richest provinces feel secure, he will invade them and will achieve what neither his fathers nor his forefathers did. He will distribute plunder, loot and wealth among his followers.6 He will plot the overthrow of fortresses--but only for a time.
"With a large army he will stir up his strength and courage against the king of the South. The king of the South will wage war with a large and very powerful army, but he will not be able to stand because of the plots devised against him.
Those who eat from the king's provisions will try to destroy him; his army will be swept away, and many will fall in battle.
The two kings, with their hearts bent on evil,7 will sit at the same table and lie8 to each other, but to no avail, because an end will still come at the appointed time.928
The king of the North will return to his own country with great wealth, but his heart will be set against the holy covenant. He will take action against it and then return to his own country.
"At the appointed time he will invade the South again, but this time the outcome will be different from what it was before.
Ships of the western coastlandsa10 will oppose him, and he will lose heart.11 Then he will turn back and vent his fury12 against the holy covenant. He will return and show favor to those who forsake the holy covenant.
"His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice.13 Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation.1432
With flattery he will corrupt those who have violated the covenant, but the people who know their God will firmly resist15 him.
"Those who are wise will instruct16 many, though for a time they will fall by the sword or be burned or captured or plundered.1734
When they fall, they will receive a little help, and many who are not sincere18 will join them.
Some of the wise will stumble, so that they may be refined,19 purified and made spotless until the time of the end, for it will still come at the appointed time.
"The king will do as he pleases. He will exalt and magnify himself20 above every god and will say unheard-of things21 against the God of gods.22 He will be successful until the time of wrath23 is completed, for what has been determined must take place.2437
He will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or for the one desired by women, nor will he regard any god, but will exalt himself above them all.
Instead of them, he will honor a god of fortresses; a god unknown to his fathers he will honor with gold and silver, with precious stones and costly gifts.
He will attack the mightiest fortresses with the help of a foreign god and will greatly honor those who acknowledge him. He will make them rulers over many people and will distribute the land at a price.b40
"At the time of the end the king of the South25 will engage him in battle, and the king of the North will storm26 out against him with chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships. He will invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood.2741
He will also invade the Beautiful Land.28 Many countries will fall, but Edom,29 Moab30 and the leaders of Ammon will be delivered from his hand.
He will extend his power over many countries; Egypt will not escape.
He will gain control of the treasures of gold and silver and all the riches of Egypt,31 with the Libyans32 and Nubians in submission.
But reports from the east and the north will alarm him, and he will set out in a great rage to destroy and annihilate many.
He will pitch his royal tents between the seas atc the beautiful holy mountain.33 Yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.