1 For we know that if our earthly tabernacle house be destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.

References for 2 Corinthians 5:1

    • a 5:1 - 'Tabernacle' is characteristic.
      2 For indeed in this we groan, ardently desiring to have put on our house which [is] from heaven;

      References for 2 Corinthians 5:2

        • b 5:2 - Ek: 'out of.'
          3 if indeed being also clothed we shall not be found naked.
          4 For indeed we who are in the tabernacle groan, being burdened; while yet we do not wish to be unclothed, but clothed, that [what is] mortal may be swallowed up by life.

          References for 2 Corinthians 5:4

            • c 5:4 - Or 'though meanwhile,' 'yet in such sort that.' It is a necessary condition of the right understanding of ver. 4. 'Clothed' is the same word as 'to have put on' in ver. 2. For 'groan,' vers. 2 and 4, see Mark 7.34.
              5 Now he that has wrought us for this very thing [is] God, who also has given to us the earnest of the Spirit.
              6 Therefore [we are] always confident, and know that while present in the body we are absent from the Lord,

              References for 2 Corinthians 5:6

                • d 5:6 - Lit. 'knowing' (from oida, conscious knowledge). It was their state; confident and knowing.
                • e 5:6 - The Greek words translated 'present' and 'absent' are literally 'at home' and 'away from home.'
                  7 (for we walk by faith, not by sight;)
                  8 we are confident, I say, and pleased rather to be absent from the body and present with the Lord.
                  9 Wherefore also we are zealous, whether present or absent, to be agreeable to him.
                  10 For we must all be manifested before the judgment-seat of the Christ, that each may receive the things [done] in the body, according to those he has done, whether [it be] good or evil.

                  References for 2 Corinthians 5:10

                    • f 5:10 - 'The things which in their accomplishment have their seat there.'
                      11 Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord we persuade men, but have been manifested to God, and I hope also that we have been manifested in your consciences.

                      References for 2 Corinthians 5:11

                        • g 5:11 - Or 'are manifested.' It is the perfect tense; what is done and of which the effect continues.
                          12 [For] we do not again commend ourselves to you, but [we are] giving to you occasion of boast in our behalf, that ye may have [such] with those boasting in countenance, and not in heart.

                          References for 2 Corinthians 5:12

                            • h 5:12 - As 'appearance,' ch. 10.1.
                              13 For whether we are beside ourselves, [it is] to God; or are sober, [it is] for you.

                              References for 2 Corinthians 5:13

                                • i 5:13 - Or 'for God;' that is, he was as a fool for God's glory. But the sense is, I think, 'If he lost the blessed calculations of love which was his path towards men, it was to be out of himself with God, and for God:' a blessed alternative. His ecstasy was not excitement or folly, but if out of himself it was with God; if sober, it was the calculation of love for their good.
                                  14 For the love of the Christ constrains us, having judged this: that one died for all, then all have died;

                                  References for 2 Corinthians 5:14

                                    • j 5:14 - Or 'had died.' It is the aorist, and refers to the state Christ's death proved them to be in, in a state of nature. To make it a consequence of Christ's death is, I judge, an utter blunder.
                                      15 and he died for all, that they who live should no longer live to themselves, but to him who died for them and has been raised.

                                      References for 2 Corinthians 5:15

                                        • k 5:15 - 'For them' may apply to both 'died' and 'been raised,' but I think 'raised' is supplementary and by itself.
                                          16 So that *we* henceforth know no one according to flesh; but if even we have known Christ according to flesh, yet now we know [him thus] no longer.

                                          References for 2 Corinthians 5:16

                                            • l 5:16 - Here the first 'know' is 'conscious,' the second and third are objective: see Note, 1Cor. 8.1.
                                              17 So if any one [be] in Christ, [there is] a new creation; the old things have passed away; behold all things have become new:
                                              18 and all things [are] of the God who has reconciled us to himself by [Jesus] Christ, and given to us the ministry of that reconciliation:
                                              19 how that God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not reckoning to them their offences; and putting in us the word of that reconciliation.

                                              References for 2 Corinthians 5:19

                                                • m 5:19 - Or simply 'of reconciliation.'
                                                  20 We are ambassadors therefore for Christ, God as [it were] beseeching by us, we entreat for Christ, Be reconciled to God.

                                                  References for 2 Corinthians 5:20

                                                    • n 5:20 - 'As of God beseeching;' 'as though,' or 'as if,' is too much similarity or comparison. God being in Christ, and they Christ's ambassadors, they besought on God's behalf. He was as beseeching by them. The apostle will not say God was beseeching, but softens it by 'as it were:' yet it amounted to that, as done on his behalf. It is difficult to translate, though the sense is most evident and beautiful.
                                                      21 Him who knew not sin he has made sin for us, that *we* might become God's righteousness in him.