1 I testify before God and Christ Jesus, who is about to judge living and dead, and by his appearing and his kingdom,
References for 2 Timothy 4:1
    • a 4:1 - That is 'I testify or charge thee before God, and by the appearing.' 'By' may be taken as 'according to,' that is, the judgment is according to the power and glory of his appearing and his kingdom. Some authorities read 'at.'
      2 proclaim the word; be urgent in season [and] out of season, convict, rebuke, encourage, with all longsuffering and doctrine.
      References for 2 Timothy 4:2
        • b 4:2 - Or 'reprove.' See 1Tim. 5.20.
          3 For the time shall be when they will not bear sound teaching; but according to their own lusts will heap up to themselves teachers, having an itching ear;
          4 and they will turn away their ear from the truth, and will have turned aside to fables.
          References for 2 Timothy 4:4
            • c 4:4 - Or 'will be turned aside,' or 'have turned themselves aside.' Compare 1Tim. 1.6; 5.15. Here their being already turned aside leads them to turn away their ear from the truth.
              5 But *thou*, be sober in all things, bear evils, do [the] work of an evangelist, fill up the full measure of thy ministry.
              References for 2 Timothy 4:5
                • d 4:5 - This implies, not watching actively, nor being awake, but that sober clearness of mind resulting from exemption from false influences -- not muddled with the influence of what intoxicates. So we think of one when we say, He has a sober judgment.
                  6 For *I* am already being poured out, and the time of my release is come.
                  References for 2 Timothy 4:6
                    • e 4:6 - This is as Phil. 2.17.
                      7 I have combated the good combat, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.
                      8 Henceforth the crown of righteousness is laid up for me, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will render to me in that day; but not only to me, but also to all who love his appearing.
                      9 Use diligence to come to me quickly;
                      10 for Demas has forsaken me, having loved the present age, and is gone to Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia.
                      11 Luke alone is with me. Take Mark, and bring [him] with thyself, for he is serviceable to me for ministry.
                      References for 2 Timothy 4:11
                        • f 4:11 - Diakonia: see Note, 1Cor. 4.1.
                          12 But Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus.
                          13 The cloak which I left behind [me] in Troas at Carpus's, bring when thou comest, and the books, especially the parchments.
                          14 Alexander the smith did many evil things against me. The Lord will render to him according to his works.
                          References for 2 Timothy 4:14
                            • g 4:14 - Compare Gen. 50.15,17. Lit. 'showed me,' but we do not say 'show evil' in English, though we say 'show kindness,' referring to acts, because they show what is in the heart.
                              15 Against whom be *thou* also on thy guard, for he has greatly withstood our words.
                              16 At my first defence no man stood with me, but all deserted me. May it not be imputed to them.
                              17 But the Lord stood with [me], and gave me power, that through me the proclamation might be fully made, and all [those of] the nations should hear; and I was delivered out of the lion's mouth.
                              18 The Lord shall deliver me from every wicked work, and shall preserve [me] for his heavenly kingdom; to whom [be] glory for the ages of ages. Amen.
                              19 Salute Prisca and Aquila, and the house of Onesiphorus.
                              20 Erastus remained in Corinth, but Trophimus I left behind in Miletus sick.
                              21 Use diligence to come before winter. Eubulus salutes thee, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and the brethren all.
                              22 The Lord Jesus Christ [be] with your spirit. Grace [be] with you.
                              References for 2 Timothy 4:22
                                • h 4:22 - Lit. 'thy spirit,' singular, but 'you' is plural.