1 Paul, apostle, not from men nor through man, but through Jesus Christ, and God [the] Father who raised him from among [the] dead,
2 and all the brethren with me, to the assemblies of Galatia.
3 Grace to you, and peace, from God [the] Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ,
4 who gave himself for our sins, so that he should deliver us out of the present evil world, a according to the will of our God and Father;

References for Galatians 1:4

    • a 1:4 - Aion: 'age,' 'course of this world.'
      5 to whom [be] glory to the ages of ages. Amen.
      6 I wonder that ye thus quickly change, b from him that called you in Christ's grace, to a different gospel, c

      References for Galatians 1:6

        • b 1:6 - Or, possibly, 'are changed.'
        • c 1:6 - Or 'glad tidings,' as elsewhere.
          7 which is not another [one]; but d there are some that trouble you, and desire to pervert the glad tidings of the Christ.

          References for Galatians 1:7

            • d 1:7 - 'But' has here the sense of 'but it is only that,' 'nothing else than that,' as Luke 4.27.
              8 But if even *we* or an angel out of heaven announce as glad tidings to you [anything] besides what we have announced as glad tidings to you, let him be accursed.
              9 As we have said before, now also again I say, If any one announce to you as glad tidings [anything] besides what ye have received, let him be accursed.
              10 For do I now seek to satisfy men or God? or do I seek to please men? If I were yet pleasing men, I were not Christ's bondman.
              11 But I let you know, brethren, [as to] the glad tidings which were announced by me, that they are not according to man.
              12 For neither did I receive them from man, neither was I taught [them], but by revelation of Jesus Christ.
              13 For ye have heard [what was] my conversation e formerly in Judaism, that I excessively persecuted the assembly of God, and ravaged it;

              References for Galatians 1:13

                • e 1:13 - i.e. 'manner of life.'
                  14 and advanced in Judaism beyond many [my] contemporaries in my nation, being exceedingly zealous of the doctrines f of my fathers.

                  References for Galatians 1:14

                    • f 1:14 - Or 'traditions.'
                      15 But when God, g who set me apart [even] h from my mother's womb, and called [me] by his grace,

                      References for Galatians 1:15

                        • g 1:15 - Or 'the God who,' &c.
                        • h 1:15 - I have inserted 'even' here that it may be quite clear that 'from my mother's womb' is a point of time. There can be no doubt of it: see Matt. 19.12, Luke 1.15; Acts 3.2; 14.8. The Greek has the force of 'taking out,' as distinguished or appropriated to something, though doubtless meaning 'to separate.' I have therefore said 'set apart.'
                          16 was pleased to reveal his Son in me, that I may announce him as glad tidings among the nations, immediately I took not counsel with flesh and blood,
                          17 nor went I up to Jerusalem to those [who were] apostles before me; but I went to Arabia, and again returned to Damascus.
                          18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to make acquaintance with Peter, i and I remained with him fifteen days;

                          References for Galatians 1:18

                            • i 1:18 - Very probably 'Cephas;' and at ch. 2.11,14.
                              19 but I saw none other of the apostles, but j James the brother of the Lord.

                              References for Galatians 1:19

                                • j 1:19 - As ver. 7.
                                  20 Now what I write to you, behold, before God, I do not lie.
                                  21 Then I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia.
                                  22 But I was unknown personally k to the assemblies of Judaea which [are] in Christ;

                                  References for Galatians 1:22

                                    • k 1:22 - Lit. 'by face.'
                                      23 only they were hearing that he who persecuted us formerly now announces the glad tidings of the faith which formerly he ravaged:
                                      24 and they glorified God in me.