1 James, bondman of God and of [the] Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which [are] in the dispersion, greeting.
2 Count it all joy, my brethren, when ye fall into various temptations,
3 knowing that the proving of your faith works a endurance.

References for James 1:3

    • a 1:3 - Works out as an effect: see ver. 20; Phil. 2.12.
      4 But let endurance have [its] perfect work, that ye may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.
      5 But if any one of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all freely b and reproaches not, and it shall be given to him:

      References for James 1:5

        • b 1:5 - As 'simplicity,' Rom. 12.8. Of men we might say 'unaffectedly,' 'with a readiness of heart which does not make a great matter of it:' the want is there, and the heart answers without a second thought. I had thought of 'readily,' but it does not give the thought of simplicity without a second thought, as much as 'freely.'
          6 but let him ask in faith, nothing doubting. For he that doubts is like a wave of the sea driven by the wind and tossed about;
          7 for let not that man think that he shall receive anything from the Lord;
          8 [he is] a double-minded man, c unstable in all his ways.

          References for James 1:8

            • c 1:8 - 'Double-minded man' is an apposition, not with 'that man,' but with 'he that doubts' (ver. 6); and ver. 7 is practically a parenthesis. I do not think the sense of ver. 8 bears a direct connection with ver. 7; it is rather a moral explanation of the figure of ver. 6. The style of James is characterized by these proverbial sentences: see ver. 20 as an example.
              9 But let the brother of low degree glory in his elevation,
              10 and the rich in his humiliation, because as [the] grass's flower he will pass away.
              11 For the sun has risen with its burning heat, and has withered the grass, and its flower has fallen, and the comeliness of its look has perished: thus the rich also shall wither in his goings.
              12 Blessed [is the] man who endures temptation; for, having been proved, he shall receive the crown of life, which He has promised to them that love him.
              13 Let no man, being tempted, say, I am tempted of God. For God cannot be tempted by evil things, and himself tempts no one.
              14 But every one is tempted, drawn away, and enticed by his own lust;
              15 then lust, having conceived, gives birth to sin; but sin fully completed brings forth death.
              16 Do not err, my beloved brethren.
              17 Every good gift and every perfect gift d comes down e from above, from the Father of lights, with whom is no variation nor shadow of turning.

              References for James 1:17

                • d 1:17 - Dosis, then dorema; the words are nearly the same: strictly dosis is 'the giving,' dorema 'the thing freely given.' In English 'gift' is both the giving and the thing given.
                • e 1:17 - Lit. 'is coming down;' its true character: see ch. 3.16.
                  18 According to his own will f begat he us by the word of truth, that we should be a certain first-fruits of *his* creatures.

                  References for James 1:18

                    • f 1:18 - 'Having so purposed' or 'willed it.' It was the fruit of his own mind, and so a free gift.
                      19 So that, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath;
                      20 for man's wrath does not work g God's righteousness.

                      References for James 1:20

                        • g 1:20 - 'Work out as an effect,' as ver. 3: see Rom. 7.13.
                          21 Wherefore, laying aside all filthiness and abounding of wickedness, accept with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls.
                          22 But be ye doers of [the] word and not hearers only, beguiling yourselves.
                          23 For if any man be a hearer of [the] word and not a doer, *he* is like to a man considering his natural face in a mirror:
                          24 for he has considered himself and is gone away, and straightway he has forgotten what he was like.
                          25 But *he* that fixes his view h on [the] perfect law, that of liberty, and abides in [it], being not a forgetful hearer but a doer of [the] work, *he* shall be blessed in his doing.

                          References for James 1:25

                            • h 1:25 - Lit. 'stoops down to look into,' as Luke 24.12; John 20.5.
                              26 If any one think himself i to be religious, not bridling his tongue, but deceiving his heart, this man's religion is vain.

                              References for James 1:26

                                • i 1:26 - Or 'seem:' see 1Cor. 10.12.
                                  27 Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father j is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, to keep oneself unspotted from the world.

                                  References for James 1:27

                                    • j 1:27 - Or 'God the Father,' Lit. 'God and Father.'