James 4 DBY

1 Whence [come] wars and whence fightings among you? [Is it] not thence, -- from your pleasures, a which war in your members?

References for James 4:1

    • x 4:1 - Lit. 'pleasures,' not 'lusts;' there is an additional idea, the satisfaction the heart feels in satisfying, or rather gratifying, lust: see Tit. 3.3.
      2 Ye lust and have not: ye kill and are full of envy, and cannot obtain; ye fight and war; ye have not because ye ask not.
      3 Ye ask and receive not, because ye ask evilly, that ye may consume [it] in your pleasures.
      4 Adulteresses, know ye not that friendship with the world is enmity with God? b Whoever therefore is minded to be [the] friend of the world is constituted enemy of God.

      References for James 4:4

        • y 4:4 - Lit. 'the friendship of the world is enmity of God;' but it is the state as between the parties, in English 'with.' In what follows, the same construction in Greek, it is taken up as 'our state towards' God, but this is warning to conscience.
          5 Think ye that the scripture speaks in vain? Does the Spirit which has taken his abode in us desire enviously? c

          References for James 4:5

            • z 4:5 - I have, with some hesitation, translated this passage as above. I cannot find that the Greek word is used in a good or holy sense of jealousy. The application to what precedes is evident.
              6 But he gives more grace. Wherefore he says, d God sets himself against [the] proud, but gives grace to [the] lowly.

              References for James 4:6

                • { 4:6 - See Prov. 3.34.
                  7 Subject yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
                  8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse [your] hands, sinners, and purify [your] hearts, ye double-minded.
                  9 Be wretched, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and [your] joy to heaviness.
                  10 Humble yourselves e before [the] Lord, and he shall exalt you.

                  References for James 4:10

                    • | 4:10 - 'Have it done,' not 'be doing it;' the aorist tense. All the imperatives (ten) from vers. 7 to 10 are in the aorist.
                      11 Speak not against one another, brethren. He that speaks against [his] brother, or judges his brother, speaks against [the] law and judges [the] law. But if thou judgest [the] law, thou art not doer of [the] law, but judge.
                      12 One is the lawgiver and judge, who is able to save and to destroy: but who art *thou* who judgest thy f neighbour?

                      References for James 4:12

                        • } 4:12 - Lit. 'the neighbour.'
                          13 Go to now, ye who say, To-day or to-morrow will we go into such a city and spend a year there, and traffic and make gain,
                          14 ye who g do not know what will be on the morrow, ([for] what [is] your life? It is even a vapour, appearing for a little while, and then disappearing,)

                          References for James 4:14

                            • ~ 4:14 - 'Who are such as do not.'
                              15 instead of your saying, If the Lord should [so] will and we should live, we will also do this or that.
                              16 But now ye glory in your vauntings: all such glorying is evil.
                              17 To him therefore who knows how to do good, and does it not, to him it is sin.