1 And these are the kings of the land, whom the children of Israel smote, and of whose land they took possession across the Jordan, toward the sun-rising, from the river Arnon to mount Hermon, and all the plain on the east:
2 Sihon the king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon, [and] ruled from Aroer, which is upon the bank of the river Arnon, and from the middle of the ravine, and over half Gilead, as far as the river Jabbok, [which is] the border of the children of Ammon;

References for Joshua 12:2

    • a 12:2 - So ch. 13.9,16: see Note, Deut. 2.36.
      3 and the plain as far as the sea of Chinneroth on the east, and as far as the sea of the plain, the salt sea, on the east, toward Beth-jeshimoth; and on the south, under the slopes of Pisgah;

      References for Joshua 12:3

        • b 12:3 - The Arabah: so ch. 12.8, &c.: see ch. 3.16.
        • c 12:3 - See ch. 11.2.
        • d 12:3 - Or 'the hill-slopes;' and so ch. 13.20, &c.; Deut. 3.17.
          4 and the territory of Og the king of Bashan, of the residue of the giants, who dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,

          References for Joshua 12:4

            • e 12:4 - 'Rephaim:' so chs. 13.12; 17.15; Deut. 2.11.
              5 and ruled over mount Hermon, and over Salcah, and over all Bashan, as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and [over] half Gilead [as far as] the border of Sihon the king of Heshbon.
              6 Moses the servant of Jehovah and the children of Israel smote them, and Moses the servant of Jehovah gave it for a possession to the Reubenites, and to the Gadites, and to half the tribe of Manasseh.
              7 And these are the kings of the land whom Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this side the Jordan on the west, from Baal-Gad in the valley of Lebanon as far as the smooth mountain, which rises toward Seir. And Joshua gave it to the tribes of Israel for a possession according to their divisions,

              References for Joshua 12:7

                • f 12:7 - Or 'Mount Halak.'
                  8 in the mountain, and in the lowland, and in the plain, and on the hill-slopes, and in the wilderness, and in the south: the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites:
                  9 The king of Jericho, one; the king of Ai, which is beside Bethel, one;
                  10 the king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron, one;
                  11 the king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;
                  12 the king of Eglon, one; the king of Gezer, one;
                  13 the king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one;
                  14 the king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one;
                  15 the king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;
                  16 the king of Makkedah, one; the king of Bethel, one;
                  17 the king of Tappuah, one; the king of Hepher, one;
                  18 the king of Aphek, one; the king of Lasharon, one;

                  References for Joshua 12:18

                    • g 12:18 - According to some, 'of the Sharon:' see Acts 9.35, &c.
                      19 the king of Madon, one; the king of Hazor, one;
                      20 the king of Shimron-meron, one; the king of Achshaph, one;
                      21 the king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one;
                      22 the king of Kedesh, one; the king of Jokneam on Carmel, one;
                      23 the king of Dor in the upland of Dor, one; the king of Goim, at Gilgal, one;

                      References for Joshua 12:23

                        • h 12:23 - Or 'the nations,' as Gen. 14.1.
                          24 the king of Tirzah, one: all the kings thirty and one.