1 Jude, bondman of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to the called ones beloved in God [the] Father and preserved in a Jesus Christ:
References for Jude 1:1
    • a 1:1 - Or, possibly, 'by.'
      2 Mercy to you, and peace, and love be multiplied. b
      References for Jude 1:2
        • b 1:2 - The aorist; it is not merely a wish for the future, but that such may be their state.
          3 Beloved, using all diligence to write to you of our common salvation, I have been obliged to write to you exhorting [you] to contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints.
          4 For certain men have got in unnoticed, they who of old were marked out beforehand c to this sentence, d ungodly [persons], turning the grace of our God into dissoluteness, and denying our only Master and Lord Jesus Christ. e
          References for Jude 1:4
            • c 1:4 - The article is used here with the perfect participle. The word signifies to appoint by notice beforehand, to fix by proclamation. They are the ones who of old were so noticed and marked out.
            • d 1:4 - Krima: not the act of condemnation, but the subject-matter on which they are condemned: see Note, 1Cor. 11.29.
            • e 1:4 - Or 'denying the only Master and our Lord Jesus Christ.' 'Master' is despotes: see Acts 4.24; 2Pet. 2.1.
              5 But I would put you in remembrance, you who once knew all things, that the Lord, having saved a people out of [the] land of Egypt, in the second place destroyed those who had not believed.
              6 And angels who had not kept their own original state, but had abandoned their own dwelling, he keeps f in eternal chains under gloomy darkness, to [the] judgment of [the] great day;
              References for Jude 1:6
                • f 1:6 - The Greek perfect tense; signifying here the continuance of what had begun in the past.
                  7 as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities around them, committing greedily fornication, in like manner with them, and going after other flesh, lie there as an example, undergoing the judgment of eternal fire.
                  8 Yet in like manner these dreamers also defile [the] flesh, and despise lordship, and speak railingly against dignities.
                  9 But Michael the archangel, when disputing with the devil he reasoned about the body of Moses, did not dare to bring a railing judgment against [him], but said, [The] Lord rebuke thee.
                  10 But these, whatever things they know not, they speak railingly against; but what even, as the irrational animals, they understand by mere nature, in these things they corrupt themselves. g
                  References for Jude 1:10
                    • g 1:10 - Or 'destroy themselves,' 'perish.' See Note d, 1Cor. 3.17.
                      11 Woe to them! because they have gone in the way of Cain, and given themselves up to the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.
                      12 These are spots h in your love-feasts, feasting together [with you] without fear, pasturing themselves; clouds without water, carried along by [the] winds; autumnal i trees, without fruit, twice dead, rooted up;
                      References for Jude 1:12
                        • h 1:12 - This word ordinarily means 'a rock,' and may allude to a sunken rock with the sea over it. This may be the meaning here.
                        • i 1:12 - Some take it for trees whose fruit withers as in autumn.
                          13 raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shames; j wandering stars, to whom has been reserved the gloom of darkness for eternity.
                          References for Jude 1:13
                            • j 1:13 - Not the shame they feel, but the things that are a shame to them. They do not feel it is so; as Phil. 3.19.
                              14 And Enoch, [the] seventh from Adam, prophesied also as to these, saying, Behold, [the] Lord has come amidst k his holy myriads,
                              References for Jude 1:14
                                • k 1:14 - Or 'with,' en.
                                  15 to execute judgment against all; and to convict all the ungodly of them of all their works of ungodliness, which they have wrought ungodlily, and of all the hard [things] which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
                                  16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their lusts; and their mouth speaks swelling words, admiring persons for the sake of profit.
                                  17 But *ye*, beloved, remember the words spoken before by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ,
                                  18 that they said to you, that at [the] end of the time there should be mockers, walking after their own lusts of ungodlinesses.
                                  19 These are they who set [themselves] apart, natural [men], not having [the] Spirit.
                                  20 But *ye*, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit,
                                  21 keep yourselves l in the love of God, awaiting the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.
                                  References for Jude 1:21
                                    • l 1:21 - Aorist; be in that state.
                                      22 And of some have compassion, making a difference,
                                      23 but others save with fear, snatching [them] out of the fire; m hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.
                                      References for Jude 1:23
                                        • m 1:23 - The sense of this passage is much disputed and depends on conflicting manuscripts. I have left it as generally taken (see A.V.), but am disposed to think that the word translated 'have compassion' should be omitted, in which case the passage would read: 'And some who dispute correct; and some save, snatching them out of the fire with fear, hating,' &c. Perhaps this is the best reading. He tells them in fact to make a difference. If men contested, he put them to silence; if not, he saved them with fear, snatching them out of the fire, hating every trace of evil.
                                          24 But to him that is able to keep you without stumbling, and to set [you] with exultation blameless before his glory,
                                          25 to the only God our Saviour, through Jesus Christ our Lord, [be] glory, majesty, might, and authority, from before the whole age, n and now, and to all the ages. Amen.
                                          References for Jude 1:25
                                            • n 1:25 - Or 'course [of time],' a large expression and of wide use in Greek.