Leviticus 5 DBY

1 And if any one sin, a and hear the voice of adjuration, b and he c is a witness whether he hath seen or known [it], if he do not give information, then he shall bear his iniquity.

References for Leviticus 5:1

    • ˆ 5:1 - Chata, 'to sin,' as in ch. 4.2,3, is departure from the right. First used Gen. 4.7. Asham, 'guilty,' vers. 2,3,4,5,17, is guilty as regards one we are responsible to -- here God of course.
    • ‰ 5:1 - See Matt. 26.63; Num. 5.21; 1Kings 8.31; Prov. 29.24.
    • Š 5:1 - The word has the force of 'because he is a witness,' practically.
      2 Or if any one touch any unclean thing, whether it be the carcase of an unclean beast, or the carcase of unclean cattle, or the carcase of an unclean crawling thing, and it be hid from him, -- he also is unclean and guilty;
      3 or if he touch the uncleanness of man, any uncleanness of him by which he is defiled, and it be hid from him, when he knoweth [it], then he is guilty.
      4 Or if any one swear, talking rashly with the lips, to do evil or to do good, in everything that a man shall say rashly with an oath, and it be hid from him, when he knoweth [it], then is he guilty in one of these.
      5 And it shall be, when he shall be guilty d in one of these, that he shall confess wherein he hath sinned;

      References for Leviticus 5:5

        • Œ 5:5 - See Note b, ver. 1.
          6 and he shall bring his trespass-offering to Jehovah for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the small cattle, a sheep or doe goat, for a sin-offering; and the priest shall make atonement e for him [to cleanse him] from his sin.

          References for Leviticus 5:6

            • Ž 5:6 - Here is seen the use of 'atonement,' Heb. kaphar, to cover. It is a thing done for men towards God. It is not 'sprinkling,' 'washing,' nor exactly 'propitiation,' though that be nearer; but there was guilt on the man, a moral offensiveness which had to be removed out of God's sight. So it was in the offering. It was really bringing his trespass to God in the offering, but in the way of a given atonement for it, by entering into it as his. In ver. 7 it is lit. 'he shall bring his trespass [offering] which he hath sinned.' For the burnt-offering, which was also to make atonement [kaphar], see ch. 1.4.
              7 And if his hand be not able to bring what is so much as a sheep, then he shall bring for his trespass f which he hath sinned two turtle-doves or two young pigeons, to Jehovah; one for a sin-offering, and the other for a burnt-offering.

              References for Leviticus 5:7

                •  5:7 - The Hebrew word for trespass is derived from a verb translated, 'be guilty,' ver. 2 and elsewhere.
                  8 And he shall bring them unto the priest, who shall present that which is for the sin-offering first, and pinch off his head at the neck, but shall not divide it;
                  9 and he shall sprinkle of the blood of the sin-offering on the wall of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be wrung out at the bottom of the altar: it is a sin-offering.
                  10 And he shall offer the other for a burnt-offering, according to the ordinance. And the priest shall make atonement for him [to cleanse him] from his sin which he hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.
                  11 But if his hand cannot attain to two turtle-doves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering g the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin-offering: he shall put no oil on it, neither shall he put frankincense thereon; h for it is a sin-offering.

                  References for Leviticus 5:11

                    •  5:11 - Corban see ch. 1.2.
                    •  5:11 - See Num. 5.15.
                      12 And he shall bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, the memorial thereof, and burn it on the altar, with Jehovah's offerings by fire: it is a sin-offering.
                      13 And the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin which he i hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him; and it shall be the priest's, as the oblation.

                      References for Leviticus 5:13

                        • ‹ 5:13 - The word has the force of 'because he is a witness,' practically.
                          14 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,
                          15 If any one act unfaithfully and sin through inadvertence in the holy things of Jehovah, then he shall bring his trespass-offering to Jehovah, a ram without blemish out of the small cattle, according to thy valuation by shekels of silver, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass-offering.
                          16 And he shall make restitution for the wrong that he hath done in j the holy things, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and shall give it unto the priest; and the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the trespass-offering, and it shall be forgiven him.

                          References for Leviticus 5:16

                            • ‘ 5:16 - Lit. 'from.'
                              17 And if any one sin and do against any of all the commandments of Jehovah what should not be done, and hath not known [it], yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.
                              18 And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the small cattle, according to thy valuation, as trespass-offering, k unto the priest; and the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his inadvertence wherein he sinned inadvertently, and knew [it] not, and it shall be forgiven him.

                              References for Leviticus 5:18

                                • “ 5:18 - Or 'according to thy valuation of the trespass.'
                                  19 It is a trespass-offering: he hath certainly trespassed l against Jehovah.

                                  References for Leviticus 5:19

                                    • ’ 5:19 - As 'guilty,' ver. 2. See Note b, ver. 1.