1 And having called to [him] his twelve disciples, he gave them power over unclean spirits, so that they should cast them out, and heal every disease and every bodily weakness.
References for Matthew 10:1
    • a 10:1 - Or 'authority:' exousia not dunamis. More than authority, but not simply dunamis; it is more than dunamis, as it includes the right to exercise this. Hence 'power' is nearer to it in English: dunamis is the ability to do a thing. Cf. Luke 4.36.
      2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who was called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the [son] of Zebedee, and John his brother;
      3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the tax-gatherer; James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, who was surnamed Thaddaeus;
      4 Simon the Cananaean, and Judas the Iscariote, who also delivered him up.
      References for Matthew 10:4
        • b 10:4 - Very probably the Hebrew word for the Greek term Zelotes, 'Zealot:' see Luke 6.15.
          5 These twelve Jesus sent out when he had charged them, saying, Go not off into [the] way of [the] nations, and into a city of Samaritans enter ye not;
          References for Matthew 10:5
            • c 10:5 - Absence of the article in the original gives the force of 'any.'
              6 but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
              7 And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of the heavens has drawn nigh.
              8 Heal [the] infirm, [raise the dead], cleanse lepers, cast out demons: ye have received gratuitously, give gratuitously.
              9 Do not provide yourselves with gold, or silver, or brass, for your belts,
              10 nor scrip for the way, nor two body coats, nor sandals, nor a staff: for the workman is worthy of his nourishment.
              11 But into whatsoever city or village ye enter, inquire who in it is worthy, and there remain till ye go forth.
              12 And as ye enter into a house salute it.
              References for Matthew 10:12
                • d 10:12 - Lit. 'the:' it hardly alludes to the house in ver. 11, for ver. 13 seems to preclude this. It is going into the house, in contrast with the street.
                  13 And if the house indeed be worthy, let your peace come upon it; but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you.
                  14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, as ye go forth out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet.
                  15 Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in judgment-day than for that city.
                  16 Behold, *I* send you as sheep in the midst of wolves; be therefore prudent as the serpents, and guileless as the doves.
                  17 But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to sanhedrims, and scourge you in their synagogues;
                  References for Matthew 10:17
                    • e 10:17 - Local Jewish tribunals.
                      18 and ye shall be brought before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony to them and to the nations.
                      19 But when they deliver you up, be not careful how or what ye shall speak; for it shall be given to you in that hour what ye shall speak.
                      20 For *ye* are not the speakers, but the Spirit of your Father which speaks in you.
                      21 But brother shall deliver up brother to death, and father child; and children shall rise up against parents and shall put them to death;
                      References for Matthew 10:21
                        • f 10:21 - Or 'bring about their death.' See Note at Mark 13.12.
                          22 and ye shall be hated of all on account of my name. But he that has endured to [the] end, *he* shall be saved.
                          23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee to the other; for verily I say to you, Ye shall not have completed the cities of Israel until the Son of man be come.
                          24 The disciple is not above his teacher, nor the bondman above his lord.
                          References for Matthew 10:24
                            • g 10:24 - There is no article in the original, but 'disciple' and 'bondman' come after the verb and are characteristic.
                              25 [It is] sufficient for the disciple that he should become as his teacher, and the bondman as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more those of his household?
                              References for Matthew 10:25
                                • h 10:25 - The word suggests the giving of a surname or nickname.
                                  26 Fear them not therefore; for there is nothing covered which shall not be revealed, and secret which shall not be known.
                                  27 What I say to you in darkness speak in the light, and what ye hear in the ear preach upon the houses.
                                  References for Matthew 10:27
                                    • i 10:27 - i.e. upon the terraced roofs.
                                      28 And be not afraid of those who kill the body, but cannot kill the soul; but fear rather him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
                                      References for Matthew 10:28
                                        • j 10:28 - Here, and in the parallel passage, Luke 12.4, we have apo, 'from.' It is not so used elsewhere that I know of in the New Testament. Here it may have the force of 'shrinking from through fear.'
                                        • k 10:28 - Gehenna.
                                          29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall to the ground without your Father;
                                          References for Matthew 10:29
                                            • l 10:29 - Lit. assarion: the value of an assarion is not exactly known: it was very small.
                                              30 but of you even the hairs of the head are all numbered.
                                              31 Fear not therefore; *ye* are better than many sparrows.
                                              32 Every one therefore who shall confess me before men, *I* also will confess him before my Father who is in [the] heavens.
                                              33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will *I* also deny before my Father who is in [the] heavens.
                                              34 Do not think that I have come to send peace upon the earth: I have not come to send peace, but a sword.
                                              35 For I have come to set a man at variance with his father, and the daughter with her mother, and the daughter-in-law with her mother-in-law;
                                              36 and they of his household [shall be] a man's enemies.
                                              37 He who loves father or mother above me is not worthy of me; and he who loves son or daughter above me is not worthy of me.
                                              38 And he who does not take up his cross and follow after me is not worthy of me.
                                              39 He that finds his life shall lose it, and he who has lost his life for my sake shall find it.
                                              40 He that receives you receives me, and he that receives me receives him that sent me.
                                              41 He that receives a prophet in the name of a prophet, shall receive a prophet's reward; and he that receives a righteous man in the name of a righteous man, shall receive a righteous man's reward.
                                              42 And whosoever shall give to drink to one of these little ones a cup of cold [water] only, in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.