1 Paul and Timotheus, bondmen of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus who are in Philippi, with [the] overseers and ministers; a

References for Philippians 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Or 'deacons' (diakonos), see Note. Rom. 16.1.
      2 grace to you, and peace from God our Father and [the] Lord Jesus Christ.
      3 I thank my God for my whole remembrance of you,
      4 constantly in my every supplication, making the supplication for you all with joy,
      5 because of your fellowship b with the gospel, c from the first day until now;

      References for Philippians 1:5

        • b 1:5 - 'fellowship,' as 1Cor. 1.9.
        • c 1:5 - Or 'glad tidings,' as elsewhere.
          6 having confidence of this very thing, that he who has begun in you a good work will complete it unto Jesus Christ's day:
          7 as it is righteous d for me to think this as to you all, because ye have *me* in your hearts, and that both in my bonds and in the defence and confirmation of the glad tidings ye are all participators in my grace. e

          References for Philippians 1:7

            • d 1:7 - Or 'I feel it righteous,' 'it is right:' see Eph. 6.1.
            • e 1:7 - Or 'fellow-partakers (sun-koinonos, as Rev. 1.9) with me of grace.'
              8 For God is my witness how I long after you all in [the] bowels of Christ Jesus.
              9 And this I pray, that your love may abound f yet more and more in full knowledge and all intelligence,

              References for Philippians 1:9

                • f 1:9 - It is a question how far the abounding applies to the love itself; or, supposing the love, that it should grow in these qualities. It is, I think, determined to be the latter by Eph. 1.8. It means 'grow in these,' yet love that would grow in them.
                  10 that ye may judge of and approve the things that are more excellent, in order that ye may be pure and without offence for Christ's day,
                  11 being complete as regards the fruit of righteousness, which [is] by Jesus Christ, to God's glory and praise.
                  12 But I would have you know, brethren, that the circumstances in which I am have turned out rather to the furtherance of the glad tidings,
                  13 so that my bonds have become manifest [as being] in Christ g in all the praetorium and to all others; h

                  References for Philippians 1:13

                    • g 1:13 - I apprehend 'manifested to be because of Christ,' not to be those of a malefactor.
                    • h 1:13 - Or 'in all other [places].' The praetorium was the Imperial guard or its headquarters.
                      14 and that the most of the brethren, trusting in [the] Lord through my bonds, dare more abundantly to speak the word of God fearlessly.
                      15 Some indeed also for envy and strife, but some also for good will, preach the Christ.
                      16 These indeed out of love, knowing that I am set for the defence of the glad tidings;
                      17 but those out of contention, announce the Christ, not purely, supposing to arouse tribulation for my bonds.
                      18 What is it then? at any rate, in every way, whether in pretext or in truth, Christ is announced; and in this I rejoice, yea, also I will rejoice;
                      19 for I know that this shall turn out for me to salvation, through your supplication and [the] supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ;
                      20 according to my earnest i expectation and hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but in all boldness, as always, now also Christ shall be magnified in my body whether by life or by death.

                      References for Philippians 1:20

                        • i 1:20 - Or 'constant:' see Rom. 8.19: but 'earnest' gives this idea here: 'the constant looking out that it should be so.
                          21 For for me to live [is] Christ, and to die gain;
                          22 but if to live in flesh [is my lot], this is for me worth the while: j and what I shall choose I cannot tell.

                          References for Philippians 1:22

                            • j 1:22 - Or 'the fruit of labour.'
                              23 But I am pressed by both, having the desire for departure and being with Christ, [for] [it is] very much better,
                              24 but remaining in the flesh [is] more necessary for your sakes;
                              25 and having confidence of this, I know that I shall remain and abide along with you all, for your progress and joy in k faith;

                              References for Philippians 1:25

                                • k 1:25 - Lit. 'of.' 'Progress and joy' go together, not 'progress, -- and joy in faith.'
                                  26 that your boasting may abound in Christ Jesus through me l by my presence again with you.

                                  References for Philippians 1:26

                                    • l 1:26 - Or 'as to me.'
                                      27 Only conduct yourselves worthily of the glad tidings of the Christ, in order that whether coming and seeing you, or absent, I may hear of what concerns you, that ye stand firm in one spirit, with one soul, labouring together in m the same conflict with the faith of the glad tidings;

                                      References for Philippians 1:27

                                        • m 1:27 - That is, the faith of the gospel being in conflict, they identified themselves with it, and entered into the struggle, 'striving in favour of it.'
                                          28 and not frightened in anything by the opposers, which is to them a demonstration of destruction, but of your salvation, and that from God;
                                          29 because to you has been given, as regards Christ, n not only the believing on him but the suffering for him also,

                                          References for Philippians 1:29

                                            • n 1:29 - Or 'in behalf of Christ,' the sentence being broken in upon and resumed.
                                              30 having the same conflict which ye have seen in me, and now hear of in me.