Compare Translations for Deuteronomy 17:17

Deuteronomy 17:17 ASV
Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 BBE
And he is not to have a great number of wives, for fear that his heart may be turned away; or great wealth of silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 CEB
The king must not take numerous wives so that his heart doesn't go astray. Nor can the king acquire too much silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 CJB
Likewise, he is not to acquire many wives for himself, so that his heart will not turn away; and he is not to acquire excessive quantities of silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 RHE
He shall not have many wives, that may allure his mind, nor immense sums of silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 ESV
And he shall not acquire many wives for himself, lest his heart turn away, nor shall he acquire for himself excessive silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 GW
The king must never have a large number of wives, or he will turn away [from God]. And he must never own a lot of gold and silver.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 GNT
The king is not to have many wives, because this would make him turn away from the Lord; and he is not to make himself rich with silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 HNV
Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart not turn away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 CSB
He must not acquire many wives for himself so that his heart won't go astray. He must not acquire very large amounts of silver and gold for himself.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 KJV
Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 LEB
And he must not {acquire many} wives for himself, so that his heart [would] turn aside; and {he must not accumulate silver and gold for himself excessively}.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 NAS
"He shall not multiply wives for himself, or else his heart will turn away; nor shall he greatly increase silver and gold for himself.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 NCV
The king must not have many wives, or his heart will be led away from God. He must not have too much silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 NIRV
The king must not have a lot of wives. If he does, he will be led down the wrong path. He must not store up large amounts of silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 NIV
He must not take many wives, or his heart will be led astray. He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 NKJV
Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 NLT
The king must not take many wives for himself, because they will lead him away from the LORD. And he must not accumulate vast amounts of wealth in silver and gold for himself."
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Deuteronomy 17:17 NRS
And he must not acquire many wives for himself, or else his heart will turn away; also silver and gold he must not acquire in great quantity for himself.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 RSV
And he shall not multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly multiply for himself silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 DBY
Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away; neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 MSG
And make sure he doesn't build up a harem, collecting wives who will divert him from the straight and narrow. And make sure he doesn't pile up a lot of silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 WBT
Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart may turn not away: neither shall he greatly accumulate to himself silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 TMB
Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away; neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 TNIV
He must not take many wives, or his heart will be led astray. He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 TYN
Also he shall not haue to many wyues, lest his hert turne awaye, nether shall he gather him syluer and godlde to moch.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 WEB
Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart not turn away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
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Deuteronomy 17:17 WYC
The king shall not have many wives, that draw his mind to lusts, neither he shall have great weights of silver and of gold. (The king shall not have many wives, who would draw away his mind to lust, or too much fleshliness, nor shall he have great quantities of silver and gold.)
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Deuteronomy 17:17 YLT
And he doth not multiply to himself wives, and his heart doth not turn aside, and silver and gold he doth not multiply to himself -- exceedingly.
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Deuteronomy 17 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 17

All sacrifices to be perfect, Idolaters must be slain. (1-7) Difficult controversies. (8-13) The choice of a king, His duties. (14-20)

Verses 1-7 No creature which had any blemish was to be offered in sacrifice to God. We are thus called to remember the perfect, pure, and spotless sacrifice of Christ, and reminded to serve God with the best of our abilities, time, and possession, or our pretended obedience will be hateful to him. So great a punishment as death, so remarkable a death as stoning, must be inflicted on the Jewish idolater. Let all who in our day set up idols in their hearts, remember how God punished this crime in Israel.

Verses 8-13 Courts of judgment were to be set up in every city. Though their judgment had not the Divine authority of an oracle, it was the judgment of wise, prudent, experienced men, and had the advantage of a Divine promise.

Verses 14-20 God himself was in a particular manner Israel's King; and if they set another over them, it was necessary that he should choose the person. Accordingly, when the people desired a king, they applied to Samuel, a prophet of the Lord. In all cases, God's choice, if we can but know it, should direct, determine, and overrule ours. Laws are given for the prince that should be elected. He must carefully avoid every thing that would turn him from God and religion. Riches, honours, and pleasures, are three great hinderances of godliness, (the lusts of the flesh, the lusts of the eye, and the pride of life,) especially to those in high stations; against these the king is here warned. The king must carefully study the law of God, and make that his rule; and having a copy of the Scriptures of his own writing, must read therein all the days of his life. It is not enough to have Bibles, but we must use them, use them daily, as long as we live. Christ's scholars never learn above their Bibles, but will have constant occasion for them, till they come to that world where knowledge and love will be made perfect. The king's writing and reading were as nothing, if he did not practise what he wrote and read. And those who fear God and keep his commandments, will fare the better for it even in this world.

Deuteronomy 17 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 17

Deuteronomy 17:1 . THINGS SACRIFICED MUST BE SOUND.

1. Thou shalt not sacrifice . . . any bullock, or sheep, wherein is blemish--Under the name of bullock were comprehended bulls, cows, and calves; under that of sheep, rams, lambs, kids, he- and she-goats. An ox, from mutilation, was inadmissible. The qualifications required in animals destined for sacrifice are described ( Exodus 12:5 , Leviticus 1:3 ).

Deuteronomy 17:2-7 . IDOLATERS MUST BE SLAIN.

2-7. If there be found among you . . . man or woman, that hath wrought wickedness--The grand object contemplated in choosing Israel was to preserve the knowledge and worship of the one true God; and hence idolatry of any kind, whether of the heavenly bodies or in some grosser form, is called "a transgression of His covenant." No rank or sex could palliate this crime. Every reported case, even a flying rumor of the perpetration of so heinous an offense, was to be judicially examined; and if proved by the testimony of competent witnesses, the offender was to be taken without the gates and stoned to death, the witnesses casting the first stone at him. The object of this special arrangement was partly to deter the witnesses from making a rash accusation by the prominent part they had to act as executioners, and partly to give a public assurance that the crime had met its due punishment.

Deuteronomy 17:8-13 . THE PRIESTS AND JUDGES TO DETERMINE CONTROVERSIES.

8-13. If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment--In all civil or criminal cases, where there was any doubt or difficulty in giving a decision, the local magistrates were to submit them by reference to the tribunal of the Sanhedrim--the supreme council, which was composed partly of civil and partly of ecclesiastical persons. "The priests and Levites," should rather be "the priests--the Levites"; that is, the Levitical priests, including the high priest, who were members of the legislative assembly; and who, as forming one body, are called "the judge." Their sittings were held in the neighborhood of the sanctuary because in great emergencies the high priest had to consult God by Urim ( Numbers 27:21 ). From their judgment there was no appeal; and if a person were so perverse and refractory as to refuse obedience to their sentences, his conduct, as inconsistent with the maintenance of order and good government, was then to be regarded and punished as a capital crime.

Deuteronomy 17:14-20 . THE ELECTION AND DUTY OF A KING.

14. When thou . . . shalt say, I will set a king over me--In the following passage Moses prophetically announces a revolution which should occur at a later period in the national history of Israel. No sanction or recommendation was indicated; on the contrary, when the popular clamor had effected that constitutional change on the theocracy by the appointment of a king, the divine disapproval was expressed in the most unequivocal terms ( 1 Samuel 8:7 ). Permission at length was granted, God reserving to Himself the nomination of the family and the person who should be elevated to the regal dignity ( 1 Samuel 9:15 , 10:24 , 16:12 , 1 Chronicles 28:4 ). In short, Moses foreseeing that his ignorant and fickle countrymen, insensible to their advantages as a peculiar people, would soon wish to change their constitution and be like other nations, provides to a certain extent for such an emergency and lays down the principles on which a king in Israel must act. He was to possess certain indispensable requisites. He was to be an Israelite, of the same race and religion, to preserve the purity of the established worship, as well as be a type of Christ, a spiritual king, one of their brethren.

15. thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother--that is, by their free and voluntary choice. But God, in the retributions of His providence, did allow foreign princes to usurp the dominion ( Jeremiah 38:17 , Matthew 22:17 ).

16. he shall not multiply horses to himself--The use of these animals was not absolutely prohibited, nor is there any reason to conclude that they might not be employed as part of the state equipage. But the multiplication of horses would inevitably lead to many evils, to increased intercourse with foreign nations, especially with Egypt, to the importation of an animal to which the character of the country was not suited, to the establishment of an Oriental military despotism, to proud and pompous parade in peace, to a dependence upon Egypt in time of war, and a consequent withdrawal of trust and confidence in God. ( 2 Samuel 8:4 , 1 Kings 10:26 , 2 Chronicles 1:16 , 9:28 , Isaiah 31:3 ).

17. Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away--There were the strongest reasons for recording an express prohibition on this point, founded on the practice of neighboring countries in which polygamy prevailed, and whose kings had numerous harems; besides, the monarch of Israel was to be absolutely independent of the people and had nothing but the divine law to restrain his passions. The mischievous effects resulting from the breach of this condition were exemplified in the history of Solomon and other princes, who, by trampling on the restrictive law, corrupted themselves as well as the nation.
neither shall he greatly multiply . . . silver and gold--that is, the kings were forbidden to accumulate money for private purposes.

18-20. he shall write him a copy of this law in a book--The original scroll of the ancient Scriptures was deposited in the sanctuary under the strict custody of the priests Each monarch, on his accession, was to be furnished with a true and faithful copy, which he was to keep constantly beside him, and daily peruse it, that his character and sentiments being cast into its sanctifying mould, he might discharge his royal functions in the spirit of faith and piety, of humility and a love or righteousness.

20. that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children--From this it appears that the crown in Israel was to be hereditary, unless forfeited by personal crime.