Compare Translations for Deuteronomy 21:18

Deuteronomy 21:18 ASV
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, that will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and, though they chasten him, will not hearken unto them;
Read Deuteronomy 21 ASV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 ASV in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 BBE
If a man has a son who is hard-hearted and uncontrolled, who gives no attention to the voice of his father and mother, and will not be ruled by them, though they give him punishment:
Read Deuteronomy 21 BBE  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 BBE in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 CEB
Now if someone has a consistently stubborn and rebellious child, who refuses to listen to their father and mother—even when the parents discipline him, he won't listen to them—
Read Deuteronomy 21 CEB  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 CEB in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 CJB
"If a man has a stubborn, rebellious son who will not obey what his father or mother says, and even after they discipline him he still refuses to pay attention to them;
Read Deuteronomy 21 CJB  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 CJB in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 RHE
If a man have a stubborn and unruly son, who will not hear the commandments of his father or mother, and being corrected, slighteth obedience:
Read Deuteronomy 21 RHE  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 RHE in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 ESV
"If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and, though they discipline him, will not listen to them,
Read Deuteronomy 21 ESV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 ESV in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 GW
arents might have a stubborn and rebellious son who doesn't obey them. Even though they punish him, he still won't listen to them.
Read Deuteronomy 21 GW  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 GW in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 GNT
"Suppose someone has a son who is stubborn and rebellious, a son who will not obey his parents, even though they punish him.
Read Deuteronomy 21 GNT  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 GNT in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 HNV
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and, though they chasten him, will not listen to them;
Read Deuteronomy 21 HNV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 HNV in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 CSB
"If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father or mother and doesn't listen to them even after they discipline him,
Read Deuteronomy 21 CSB  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 CSB in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 KJV
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them:
Read Deuteronomy 21 KJV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 KJV in parallel  |  Interlinear view
Deuteronomy 21:18 LEB
"{If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son} [who] {does not listen to} the voice of his father and to the voice of his mother, and they discipline him, and he does not obey them,
Read Deuteronomy 21 LEB  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 LEB in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 NAS
"If any man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey his father or his mother, and when they chastise him, he will not even listen to them,
Read Deuteronomy 21 NAS  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 NAS in parallel  |  Interlinear view
Deuteronomy 21:18 NCV
If someone has a son who is stubborn, who turns against his father and mother and doesn't obey them or listen when they correct him,
Read Deuteronomy 21 NCV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 NCV in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 NIRV
Suppose someone has a very stubborn son. He doesn't obey his father and mother. And he won't listen to them when they try to correct him.
Read Deuteronomy 21 NIRV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 NIRV in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 NIV
If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them when they discipline him,
Read Deuteronomy 21 NIV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 NIV in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 NKJV
"If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and who, when they have chastened him, will not heed them,
Read Deuteronomy 21 NKJV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 NKJV in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 NLT
"Suppose a man has a stubborn, rebellious son who will not obey his father or mother, even though they discipline him.
Read Deuteronomy 21 NLT  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 NLT in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 NRS
If someone has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey his father and mother, who does not heed them when they discipline him,
Read Deuteronomy 21 NRS  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 NRS in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 RSV
"If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and, though they chastise him, will not give heed to them,
Read Deuteronomy 21 RSV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 RSV in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 DBY
If a man have an unmanageable and rebellious son, who hearkeneth not unto the voice of his father, nor unto the voice of his mother, and they have chastened him, but he hearkeneth not unto them;
Read Deuteronomy 21 DBY  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 DBY in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 MSG
When a man has a stubborn son, a real rebel who won't do a thing his mother and father tell him, and even though they discipline him he still won't obey,
Read Deuteronomy 21 MSG  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 MSG in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 WBT
If a man shall have a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and [who], when they have chastened him, will not hearken to them:
Read Deuteronomy 21 WBT  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 WBT in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 TMB
"If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and who, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them,
Read Deuteronomy 21 TMB  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 TMB in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 TNIV
If someone has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them when they discipline him,
Read Deuteronomy 21 TNIV  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 TNIV in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 TYN
Yf any man haue a sonne that is stuburne, and disobedient, that he will not herken vnto the voyce of his father and voyce of his mother, and they haue taught him nurture, but he wolde not herken vnto them:
Read Deuteronomy 21 TYN  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 TYN in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 WEB
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and, though they chasten him, will not listen to them;
Read Deuteronomy 21 WEB  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 WEB in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 WYC
If a man beget a son (who is a) rebel, and a froward (boy), that heareth not the behest of his father and mother, and he is chastised, and despiseth to obey to them, (If a man beget a son who is rebellious, and froward, who obeyeth not his father or his mother, and after that he is chastised, he still despiseth to obey them,)
Read Deuteronomy 21 WYC  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 WYC in parallel  
Deuteronomy 21:18 YLT
`When a man hath a son apostatizing and rebellious -- he is not hearkening to the voice of his father, and to the voice of his mother, and they have chastised him, and he doth not hearken unto them --
Read Deuteronomy 21 YLT  |  Read Deuteronomy 21:18 YLT in parallel  

Deuteronomy 21 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 21

The expiation of uncertain murder. (1-9) Respecting a captive taken to wife. (10-14) The first-born not to be disinherited for private affection. (15-17) A stubborn son to be stoned. (18-21) Malefactors not to be left hanging all night. (22,23)

Verses 1-9 If a murderer could not be found out, great solemnity is provided for putting away the guilt from the land, as an expression of dread and detesting of that sin. The providence of God has often wonderfully brought to light these hidden works of darkness, and the sin of the guilty has often strangely found them out. The dread of murder should be deeply impressed upon every heart, and all should join in detecting and punishing those who are guilty. The elders were to profess that they had not been any way aiding or abetting the sin. The priests were to pray to God for the country and nation, that God would be merciful. We must empty that measure by our prayers, which others are filling by their sins. All would be taught by this solemnity, to use the utmost care and diligence to prevent, discover, and punish murder. We may all learn from hence to take heed of partaking in other men's sins. And we have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, if we do not reprove them.

Verses 10-14 By this law a soldier was allowed to marry his captive, if he pleased. This might take place upon some occasions; but the law does not show any approval of it. It also intimates how binding the laws of justice and honour are in marriage; which is a sacred engagement.

Verses 15-17 This law restrains men from disinheriting their eldest sons without just cause. The principle in this case as to children, is still binding to parents; they must give children their right without partiality.

Verses 18-21 Observe how the criminal is here described. He is a stubborn and rebellious son. No child was to fare the worse for weakness of capacity, slowness, or dulness, but for wilfulness and obstinacy. Nothing draws men into all manner of wickedness, and hardens them in it more certainly and fatally, than drunkenness. When men take to drinking, they forget the law of honouring parents. His own father and mother must complain of him to the elders of the city. Children who forget their duty, must thank themselves, and not blame their parents, if they are regarded with less and less affection. He must be publicly stoned to death by the men of his city. Disobedience to a parent's authority must be very evil, when such a punishment was ordered; nor is it less provoking to God now, though it escapes punishment in this world. But when young people early become slaves to sensual appetites, the heart soon grows hard, and the conscience callous; and we can expect nothing but rebellion and destruction.

Verses 22-23 By the law of Moses, the touch of a dead body was defiling, therefore dead bodies must not be left hanging, as that would defile the land. There is one reason here which has reference to Christ; "He that is hanged is accursed of God;" that is, it is the highest degree of disgrace and reproach. Those who see a man thus hanging between heaven and earth, will conclude him abandoned of both, and unworthy of either. Moses, by the Spirit, uses this phrase of being accursed of God, when he means no more than being treated most disgracefully, that it might afterward be applied to the death of Christ, and might show that in it he underwent the curse of the law for us; which proves his love, and encourages to faith in him.

Deuteronomy 21 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 21

Deuteronomy 21:1-9 . EXPIATION OF UNCERTAIN MURDER.

1-6. If one be found slain . . . lying in the field, and it be not known who hath slain him--The ceremonies here ordained to be observed on the discovery of a slaughtered corpse show the ideas of sanctity which the Mosaic law sought to associate with human blood, the horror which murder inspired, as well as the fears that were felt lest God should avenge it on the country at large, and the pollution which the land was supposed to contract from the effusion of innocent, unexpiated blood. According to Jewish writers, the Sanhedrin, taking charge of such a case, sent a deputation to examine the neighborhood. They reported to the nearest town to the spot where the body was found. An order was then issued by their supreme authority to the elders or magistrates of that town, to provide the heifer at the civic expense and go through the appointed ceremonial. The engagement of the public authorities in the work of expiation, the purchase of the victim heifer, the conducting it to a "rough valley" which might be at a considerable distance, and which, as the original implies, was a wady, a perennial stream, in the waters of which the polluting blood would be wiped away from the land, and a desert withal, incapable of cultivation; the washing of the hands, which was an ancient act symbolical of innocence--the whole of the ceremonial was calculated to make a deep impression on the Jewish, as well as on the Oriental, mind generally; to stimulate the activity of the magistrates in the discharge of their official duties; to lead to the discovery of the criminal, and the repression of crime.

Deuteronomy 21:10-23 . THE TREATMENT OF A CAPTIVE TAKEN TO WIFE.

10-14. When thou goest to war . . . and seest among the captives a beautiful woman . . . that thou wouldest have her to thy wife--According to the war customs of all ancient nations, a female captive became the slave of the victor, who had the sole and unchallengeable control of right to her person. Moses improved this existing usage by special regulations on the subject. He enacted that, in the event that her master was captivated by her beauty and contemplated a marriage with her, a month should be allowed to elapse, during which her perturbed feelings might be calmed, her mind reconciled to her altered condition, and she might bewail the loss of her parents, now to her the same as dead. A month was the usual period of mourning with the Jews, and the circumstances mentioned here were the signs of grief--the shaving of the head, the allowing the nails to grow uncut, the putting off her gorgeous dress in which ladies, on the eve of being captured, arrayed themselves to be the more attractive to their captors. The delay was full of humanity and kindness to the female slave, as well as a prudential measure to try the strength of her master's affections. If his love should afterwards cool and he become indifferent to her person, he was not to lord it over her, neither to sell her in the slave market, nor retain her in a subordinate condition in his house; but she was to be free to go where her inclinations led her.

15-17. If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated--In the original and all other translations, the words are rendered "have had," referring to events that have already taken place; and that the "had" has, by some mistake, been omitted in our version, seems highly probable from the other verbs being in the past tense--"hers that was hated," not "hers that is hated"; evidently intimating that she (the first wife) was dead at the time referred to. Moses, therefore, does not here legislate upon the case of a man who has two wives at the same time, but on that of a man who has married twice in succession, the second wife after the decease of the first; and there was an obvious necessity for legislation in these circumstances; for the first wife, who was hated, was dead, and the second wife, the favorite, was alive; and with the feelings of a stepmother, she would urge her husband to make her own son the heir. This case has no bearing upon polygamy, which there is no evidence that the Mosaic code legalized.

18-21. If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son--A severe law was enacted in this case. But the consent of both parents was required as a prevention of any abuse of it; for it was reasonable to suppose that they would not both agree to a criminal information against their son except from absolute necessity, arising from his inveterate and hopeless wickedness; and, in that view, the law was wise and salutary, as such a person would be a pest and nuisance to society. The punishment was that to which blasphemers were doomed [ Leviticus 24:23 ]; for parents are considered God's representatives and invested with a portion of his authority over their children.

22, 23. if a man have committed a sin . . . and thou hang him on a tree--Hanging was not a Hebrew form of execution (gibbeting is meant), but the body was not to be left to rot or be a prey to ravenous birds; it was to be buried "that day," either because the stench in a hot climate would corrupt the air, or the spectacle of an exposed corpse bring ceremonial defilement on the land.