obedience, a town in the mountains of Judah ( Joshua 21:14 ; 1 Chronicles 6:57 ), which was allotted, with the land round it, to the priests. It was frequented by David and his followers during their wanderings; and he sent presents of the spoil of the Amalekites to his friends there ( 1 Samuel 30:28 ). It is identified with es-Semu'a, a village about 3 1/2 miles east of Socoh, and 7 or 8 miles south of Hebron, around which there are ancient remains of the ruined city. It is the centre of the "south country" or Negeb. It is also called "Eshtemoh" ( Joshua 15:50 ).