Gold [N] [T] [S] Heb. zahab, so called from its yellow colour ( Exodus 25:11 ; 1 Chronicles 28:18 ; 2 Chr 3:5 ).
Heb. segor, from its compactness, or as being enclosed or treasured up; thus precious or "fine gold" ( 1 Kings 6:20 ; 7:49 ).
Heb. paz, native or pure gold ( Job 28:17 ; Psalms 19:10 ; 21:3 , etc.).
Heb. betzer, "ore of gold or silver" as dug out of the mine ( Job 36:19 , where it means simply riches).
Heb. kethem, i.e., something concealed or separated ( Job 28:16 Job 28:19 ; Psalms 45:9 ; Proverbs 25:12 ). Rendered "golden wedge" in Isaiah 13:12 .
Heb. haruts, i.e., dug out; poetic for gold ( Proverbs 8:10 ; 16:16 ; Zechariah 9:3 ).
Gold was known from the earliest times ( Genesis 2:11 ). It was principally used for ornaments ( Genesis 24:22 ). It was very abundant ( 1 Chronicles 22:14 ; Nahum 2:9 ; Daniel 3:1 ). Many tons of it were used in connection with the temple ( 2 Chronicles 1:15 ). It was found in Arabia, Sheba, and Ophir ( 1 Kings 9:28 ; 10:1 ; Job 28:16 ), but not in Palestine.
In Daniel 2:38 , the Babylonian Empire is spoken of as a "head of gold" because of its great riches; and Babylon was called by ( Isaiah 14:4 ) the "golden city" (RSV marg., "exactress," adopting the reading marhebah , instead of the usual word madhebah ).
These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[T] indicates this entry was also found in Torrey's Topical Textbook
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary
Bibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for Gold". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .