Hemlock [N] [S] Heb. rosh ( Hosea 10:4 ; rendered "gall" in Deuteronomy 29:18 ; 32:32 ; Psalms 69:21 ; Jeremiah 9:15 ; 23:15 ; "poison," Job 20:16 ; "venom," Deuteronomy 32:33 ). "Rosh is the name of some poisonous plant which grows quickly and luxuriantly; of a bitter taste, and therefore coupled with wormwood ( Deuteronomy 29:18 ; Lamentations 3:19 ). Hence it would seem to be not the hemlock cicuta, nor the colocynth or wild gourd, nor lolium darnel, but the poppy so called from its heads" (Gesenius, Lex.).
Heb. la'anah, generally rendered "wormwood" (q.v.), Deuteronomy 29:18 , Text 17; Proverbs 5:4 ; Jeremiah 9:15 ; 23:15 . Once it is rendered "hemlock" ( Amos 6:12 ; RSV, "wormwood"). This Hebrew word is from a root meaning "to curse," hence the accursed.
These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary
Bibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for Hemlock". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .