Poor [N] [S]
The Mosaic legislation regarding the poor is specially important. They had the right of gleaning the fields ( Leviticus 19:9 Leviticus 19:10 ; Deuteronomy 24:19 Deuteronomy 24:21 ).
In the sabbatical year they were to have their share of the produce of the fields and the vineyards ( Exodus 23:11 ; Leviticus 25:6 ).
In the year of jubilee they recovered their property ( Leviticus 25:25-30 ).
Usury was forbidden, and the pledged raiment was to be returned before the sun went down ( Exodus 22:25-27 ; Deuteronomy 24:10-13 ). The rich were to be generous to the poor ( Deuteronomy 15:7-11 ).
In the sabbatical and jubilee years the bond-servant was to go free ( Deuteronomy 15:12-15 ; Leviticus 25:39-42 Leviticus 25:47-54 ).
Certain portions from the tithes were assigned to the poor ( Deuteronomy 14:28 Deuteronomy 14:29 ; Deuteronomy 26:12 Deuteronomy 26:13 ).
They shared in the feasts ( Deuteronomy 16:11 Deuteronomy 16:14 ; Nehemiah 8:10 ).
Wages were to be paid at the close of each day ( Leviticus 19:13 ).
In the New Testament ( Luke 3:11 ; 14:13 ; Acts 6:1 ; Galatians 2:10 ; James 2:15 James 2:16 ) we have similar injunctions given with reference to the poor. Begging was not common under the Old Testament, while it was so in the New Testament times ( Luke 16:20 Luke 16:21 , etc.). But begging in the case of those who are able to work is forbidden, and all such are enjoined to "work with their own hands" as a Christian duty ( 1 Thessalonians 4:11 ; 2 th 3:7-13 ; Ephesians 4:28 ). This word is used figuratively in Matthew 5:3 ; Luke 6:20 ; 2 co 8:9 ; Revelation 3:17 .
These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary
Bibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for Poor". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .