No historical notice of an eclipse occurs in the Bible, but there are passages in the prophets which contain manifest allusion to this phenomenon. ( Joel 2:10 Joel 2:31 ; 3:15 ; Amos 8:9 ; Micah 3:6 ; Zechariah 14:6 ) Some of these notices probably refer to eclipses that occurred about the time of the respective compositions: thus the date of Amos coincides with a total eclipse which occurred Feb. 9, B.C. 784, and was visible at Jerusalem shortly after noon; that of Micah with the eclipse of June 5, B.C. 716. A passing notice in ( Jeremiah 15:9 ) coincides in date with the eclipse of Sept. 30, B.C. 610, so well known from Herodotus account (i. 74, 103). The darkness that overspread the world at the crucifixion cannot with reason be attributed to an eclipse, as the moon was at the full at the time of the passover.
Bibliography InformationSmith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Eclipse of the sun'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary".