a Hebrew liquid measure, the tenth part of an homer ( 1 Kings 7:26 1 Kings 7:38 ; Ezekiel 45:10 Ezekiel 45:14 ). It contained 8 gallons 3 quarts of our measure. "Ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath" ( Isaiah 5:10 ) denotes great unproductiveness.
A liquid measurement.
Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one BATH, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah. ( Isaiah 5:10 )
A liquid measure equal to about 9 gallons, English measure. It seems to have been regarded as a standard for liquid measures (Ezekiel 45:10), as in the case of the molten sea and the lavers in Solomon's temple (1 Kings 7:26,38), and for measuring oil and wine (2 Chronicles 2:10; Ezra 7:22; Isaiah 5:10; Ezekiel 45:14). Its relation to the homer is given in Ezekiel 45:11,14.
See WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
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