occurs only in Psalms 80:13 . The same Hebrew word is elsewhere rendered "swine" ( Leviticus 11:7 ; Deuteronomy 14:8 ; Proverbs 11:22 ; Isaiah 65:4 ; Isaiah 66:3 Isaiah 66:17 ). The Hebrews abhorred swine's flesh, and accordingly none of these animals were reared, except in the district beyond the Sea of Galilee. In the psalm quoted above the powers that destroyed the Jewish nation are compared to wild boars and wild beasts of the field.
In lamenting the troubled state of the Jewish nation the Psalmist (Psalms 80:13) says: "The boar out of the wood doth ravage it, and the wild beasts of the field feed on it," with evident reference to Israel's enemies, the Assyrians, etc. The wild boar is abundant in certain parts of Palestine and Syria, especially in the thickets which border the lakes and rivers, as about the Chuleh, the sea of Galilee, the Jordan, and in the deltas of streams flowing into the Dead Sea, as Ghaur-us-Cafiyeh. Several fountains in Lebanon bear the name, `Ain-ul-Chazir, though chazir is not an Arabic word, khanzir being the Arabic for "swine."
Alfred Ely Day
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