(Heb. yothe'reth; i.e., "something redundant"), the membrane which covers the upper part of the liver ( Exodus 29:13 Exodus 29:22 ; Leviticus 3:4 Leviticus 3:10 Leviticus 3:15 ; 4:9 ; 7:4 ; marg., "midriff"). In Hosea 13:8 (Heb. seghor; i.e., "an enclosure") the pericardium, or parts about the heart, is meant.
A membrane covering (anatomy).
Therefore I will be unto them as a lion: as a leopard by the way will I observe them: I will meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will rend the CAUL of their heart, and there will I devour them like a lion: the wild beast shall tear them. ( Hosea 13:7-8 )
a sort of ornamental head-dress, ( Isaiah 3:18 ) with a net for its base. The name is derived from the caul, the membranous bag which encloses the heart--the pericardium. --ED.
(1) yothereth (Exodus 29:13), the large lobe or flap of the liver, which is usually mentioned together with the kidneys and the fat as the special portions set aside for the burnt offering (Leviticus 3:4,10,15; 4:9; 7:4; 8:16,25; 9:10,19).
(2) ceghor (from the root caghar, "to enclose," "shut up"), Hosea 13:8, literally the enclosure or covering of the heart, the caul or pericardium, or perhaps the chest as surrounding the heart. It must not be forgotten, however, that the expression may be taken in the sense of "mailcoat of the heart," i.e. hardened heart, which is shut to the influence of God's grace. So Luther and many modern translators and commentators.
H. L. E. Luering
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