Eder

Eder [N] [H] [S]

flock.

  • A city in the south of Judah, on the border of Idumea ( Joshua 15:21 ).

  • The second of the three sons of Mushi, of the family of Merari, appointed to the Levitical office ( 1 Chronicles 23:23 ; 24:30 ).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Eder". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Eder [N] [E] [S]

    a flock
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Eder'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Eder [N] [E] [H]

    (a flock ).

    1. One of the towns of Judah, in the extreme south, and on the borders of Edom. ( Joshua 15:21 ) No trace of it has been discovered in modern times.
    2. A Levite of the family of Merari, in the time of David. ( 1 Chronicles 23:23 ; 24:30 )

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Eder'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    EDER (1)

    e'-der ('edher, "flock"):

    (1) One of the "uttermost cities" of Judah in the Negeb ("South") near the border of Edom (Joshua 15:21), possibly Kh. el `Adar, 5 miles South of Gaza, but probably this is too far west.

    (2) Eder (the King James Version Edar) or better Migdal Eder, mighdal `edher, "the tower of the flock"; Gader. After Rachel died and was buried "in the way to Ephrath (the same is Bethlehem) .... Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Eder" (Genesis 35:19,21). In Genesis 35:27 he is described as proceeding to Hebron. This "tower of the flock," which may have been only a tower and no town, must therefore be looked for between Bethlehem and Hebron. Jerome says that it was one Roman mile from Bethlehem. In the Septuagint, however, 35:16 and 21 are transposed, which suggests that there may have been a tradition that Migdal Eder was between Bethel and Bethlehem. There must have been many such towers for guarding flocks against robbers. Compare "tower of the watchman" (2 Kings 18:8, etc.). The phrase "Migdal Eder" occurs in Micah 4:8 where Jerusalem is compared to such a tower.

    E. W. G. Masterman


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'EDER (1)'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.  

    EDER (2)

    e'-der (`edher, "flock").

    (1) A Merarite Levite in the days of David (1 Chronicles 23:23; 24:30); son of Mushi.

    (2) A Benjamite (1 Chronicles 8:15, the King James Version "Ader").


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'EDER (2)'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.