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Elhanan

Elhanan [N] [H] [S]

whom God has graciously bestowed.

  • A warrior of the time of David famed for his exploits. In the Authorized Version ( 2 Samuel 21:19 ) it is recorded that "Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath." The Revised Version here rightly omits the words "the brother of." They were introduced in the Authorized Version to bring this passage into agreement with 1 Chronicles 20:5 , where it is said that he "slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath." Goliath the Gittite was killed by David ( 1 Samuel 17 ). The exploit of Elhanan took place late in David's reign.

  • The son of Dodo, and one of David's warriors ( 2 Samuel 23:24 ).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Elhanan". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Elhanan [N] [E] [S]

    grace
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Elhanan'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Elhanan [N] [E] [H]

    (the grace of God ).

    1. A distinguished warrior in the time of King David, who performed a memorable exploit against the Philistines. ( 2 Samuel 21:19 ; 1 Chronicles 20:5 ) (B.C. about 1020.)
    2. One of "the thirty" of Davids guard, and named first on the list. ( 2 Samuel 23:24 ; 1 Chronicles 11:26 )

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Elhanan'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    ELHANAN

    el-ha'-nan ('elchanan, "whom God gave"):

    (1) A great warrior in the army of David who slew a Philistine giant. There is a discrepancy between 2 Samuel 21:19 and 1 Chronicles 20:5. In the former passage we read, "And there was again war with the Philistines at Gob; and Elhanan, the son of Jaare-oregim the Beth-lehemite, slew Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam"; while in the latter we are told, "And there was again war with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam." Most modern critics prefer as the original text of the latter part of the two discrepant statements the following:

    "and Elhanan the son of Jair the Beth-lehemite slew Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam." It is contended that the Chronicler slightly modified the text before him, in order to bring it into harmony with 1 Samuel 17, where David is said to have slain a Philistine giant Goliath. There is almost unanimous agreement that "Jaare-oregim" is a corrupt reading, and the "Jair" in 1Ch is to be preferred. From Jerome to the present some scholars identify Elhanan with David, and thus remove the discrepancy. Ewald ( Hist, III, 70) argued that the name "Goliath" was inserted in 1 Samuel 17 and 21 by the narrators whose compositions are embodied in Samuel, Elhanan being the real victor over Goliath, while David's antagonist was simply called "the Philistine."

    (2) The son of Dodo of Bethlehem, one of David's mighty men (2 Samuel 23:24; 1 Chronicles 11:26). Some moderns think that there was only one Elhanan, and that he was the son of Dodo of the clan of Jair.

    John Richard Sampey


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'ELHANAN'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.