(Heb. tsepharde'a, meaning a "marsh-leaper"). This reptile is mentioned in the Old Testament only in connection with one of the plagues which fell on the land of Egypt ( Exodus 8:2-14 ; Psalms 78:45 ; 105:30 ).
In the New Testament this word occurs only in Revelation 16:13 , where it is referred to as a symbol of uncleanness. The only species of frog existing in Palestine is the green frog (Rana esculenta), the well-known edible frog of the Continent.
a well-known amphibious animal of the genus Rana . The mention of this reptile in the Old Testament is confined to the passage in ( Exodus 8:2-7 ) etc., in which the plague of frogs is described, and to ( Psalms 78:45 ; 105:30 ) In the New Testament the word occurs once only, in ( Revelation 16:13 ) There is no question as to the animal meant. The only known species of frog which occurs at present in Egypt is the Rana esculenta , the edible frog of the continent. [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
The references in Psalms, as well as in Exodus, are to the plague of flogs. In Revelation 16:13 we have, "And I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits, as it were frogs." The word tsephardea` probably referred both to frogs and to toads, as does the Arabic dafda`. In Palestine and Syria Rana esculenta, Bufo viridis and Hyla arborea are common. According to Mr. Michael J. Nicoll, assistant director of the Zoological Gardens at Gizah, near Cairo, the commonest Egyptian species are Rana mascariensis and Bufo regularis. Rana esculenta, Bufo viridis and Bufo vittatus are also found, but are much less common.
Alfred Ely Day
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